Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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The Froebelian Occupation of Ausschneiden und Aufkleben (Cutting Out and Mounting)
 
Ausschneiden und Aufkleben (Cutting Out and Mounting) is one of the Froebelian occupations, most probably invented by Froebel himself, in which the paper is first folded, then cut, then opened out. Both the main piece of paper and, in accordance with the principle that nothing must be wasted, any other pieces separated by the cuts, are then mounted on paper or board to create a pattern.

The original occupation was based on squares folded into 8-layer right angle isosceles triangles. The occupation was quite quickly expanded to include designs made from hexagons folded into 6-layer equilateral triangles and then to octagons folded into 8-layer isosceles triangles.

This occupation seems to have gradually fallen out of use after 1900. Not all the later instances make use of the separate pieces.

I have not made a detailed study of this occupation or the various patterns of cuts used.

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1855

The earliest explanation of this occupation that I know of can be found in 'A Practical Guide to the English Kinder Garten' by Joh and Bertha Ronge, which was published by Hodson and Son in London in 1855. It contains several plates which show ways of cutting designs from squares which have been folded into eight layer silver triangles but also mentions / illustrates the possibility of more complex designs achieved by free-cutting.

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1859

'Manuel pratique des jardins d'enfants de Frédéric Froebel', which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published by F Claassen in Brussells and L Hachette and Cie in Paris in 1859, also contains several plates which show ways of cutting designs into squares which have been folded into eight-layer silver triangle but also shows examples of designs that can be made from hexagons folded into 6-layer equilateral triangles..

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Chapters / Sections about Ausschneiden und Aufkleben / Cutting Out and Mounting also appear:

1861

In 'Das Paradies der Kindheit' (The Paradise of Childhood) by Lina Morgenstern, which was published in Leipzig in 1861.

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1863

In 'De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 4: Het Knippen en plakken' (Cutting and Pasting) by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1869

In 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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In 'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869

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1873

In 'Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel' by Fanny and Charles Delon, which was published by Librairie Hachette in Paris in 1873.

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In 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.

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1874

In the revised and updated third edition of 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874.

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1877

In 'Froebel's Plane Surfaces', the second part of 'Kindergarten Practice' by Mary Gurney, which is a substantially abridged version of parts of 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler. The date of the first edition is not known. The second edition was published in 1877 in London by A N Myers and Co.

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1879

In 'Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos' by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, which was published in Madrid by the Imprenta del Colegio Nacional de Sordo-mudos y de Ciegos in 1879.

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1882

In Part 2 of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published by E. Steiger and Company in New York in 1882.

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1887

In part 2 of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887. The section on Das Ausschnieden includes designs to be cut from an octagon folded into an 8-layer isosceles triangle.

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1889

In 'Royal Gifts for the Kindergarten' by Frances Post Van Norstrand and Alice H Putnam, which was published by the Standard Publishing Company in Chicago in 1889..

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1893

In 'Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica Medios de Instruir' by D Vicente Castro Legua, which was published by Libreria de la Viuda de la Hernando y Ca in Madrid in 1893, although only two patterns created from a right angle isosceles triangle by this method are shown.

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1894

Designs cut from squares folded into quarters and from eight layered right angle isosceles triangles are also explained in 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mčres et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894, although the idea of using the pieces that have been cut away to complete the designs has disappeared.

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1895

There is a brief section on Das Aufschneiden in 'Der Kindergarten' by A S Fischer, which was published by Alfred Holder in Wien in 1895.

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1900

'What Shall We Do Now?, by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, which was published by Frederick A Stokes Company in New York in 1900, contains instructions for making a 'Paper Mat' with eight-fold symmetry from a square folded into an 8-layer right angle isosceles triangle.

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