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Last updated 20/3/2024


Hand-And-Eye Training Part 1 by George Ricks, 1889

Part 1 of 'Hand-And-Eye Training' by George Ricks, subtitled 'Being a development of the kindergarten for junior and senior scholars' (ie pupils aged 7 to 14 years), was published by Cassell and Company Ltd in London, New York and Melbourne in 1889.

George Ricks was Inspector of Schools for the School Board of London.

As well as containing material specifically relating to paperfolding the introductory material provides a good overview of the place of manual work within primary education at this period and the place of paperfolding within it. It is noteworthy that although the book claims to be based on kindergarten principles and activities there are no activities based on Falten (paperfolding per se).

The Preface explains that:

A full copy of Part 12 of the work can be accessed here.

I have not seen a copy of Part 2, but the table of activities appropriate to each age group in the Preface to Part 1 indicates that there is no paperfolding content in Part 2 (see lower box).

Chapter 2 gives a list of Frobel's occupations, altogether 20 in number. The author appears ignorant of Frobel's original system of gifts and occupations:

Those gifts relating to paperfolding are:

There is no other mention of Verschnuren (interlacing) in the work.




Chapter IV

Folding, Cutting, Mounting Series 2 - The Additional Occupation of Cutting Tiles from Folded Grids and Using Them to Form Patterns

In this chapter paperfolding is limited to the folding of various geometrical grids which are then cut into tiles and mounted on paper to produce patterns. There is no mention of folds of life, beauty or knowledge.


Chapter VII

Folding, Cutting, Mounting Series 2 - Ausschneiden und Aufkleben


Chapter VII

The Additional Occupation of Cardboard Modelling

Sample pages only