Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

 

 
 
The Public Paperfolding History Project
 

The 1885 engraving of the Flapping Bird

  Information about the history of paperfolding found on the internet, and, indeed, in many older published sources, is often based more on myth and imagination than on fact and scholarship. The Public Paperfolding History Project aims to collect information from verifiable historical sources from which a more reliable narrative of the development of paperfolding as a whole, and of individual paperfolding styles and designs, can be shaped, and to make it publicly available for everyone to study and enjoy.

Objects made of paper are ephemeral and the record we have of them at an early date relies largely on their chance survival or their mention or appearance in poetry, books, fabrics, drawings and paintings. It is likely that many practical and recreational paperfolds are much older than the earliest evidence for their existence. Unfortunately, of course, we cannot know, even approximately, how much older they might actually be.

The information in this section is drawn from texts in Japanese, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, English and several other languages. I am only fluent in English and rely on on-line translation tools for assistance. This will necessarily mean that I have made mistakes. If you find any errors or inaccuracies in these pages, or are aware of additional information, particularly early information, that I do not know of, or may have overlooked, please let me know.

I would particularly like to acknowledge the assistance of Juan Gimeno, Michel Grand, Masatsugu Tsutsumi, Edwin Corrie, Jaume Coll Guerrero, Koshiro Hatori, Joan Sallas, Laura Rosenberg and Coral Roma, who have kindly provided information and pointed out mistakes. All the remaining errors are, of course, my own. It goes without saying that the late David Lister's writings on paperfolding history have also been invaluable.

 
 
 
A Chronology of Paperfolding History
 
How to find information on this page
 
The first two sections below provide links to pages about Some Well-Known Designs and Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People and their connection to paperfolding. Looking through a few of these may, I hope, encourage you to dig in a little deeper.

The next sections provide indexes to various broad categories of designs and paperfolding techniques. In some cases material from the main sources has not yet been carried over to these index pages. You can use these pages to find out what designs in that particular category have a page of their own and to locate designs which do not (yet) merit an individual page.

The next section is probably the one that you will want to use the most. It provides pages about Individual Designs, including all the best known 'traditional' designs (and some that you may never have heard of before). Designs tend to have different names in different books, at different times and, of course, in different languages. To simplifythis situation I have given each of the designs that have an Individual Design Page a standard name that is used everywhere on this site. Usually this name is in English, but sometimes it is in another language. These names are used in the headings in the Index Pages and In the Source Pages (see below), where they appear in bold. This should help you find the Individual Design Page for the design you are looking for.

If you want information about, for instance, the history of paper planes in general, you can find this in the Index Pages - Inanimate Objects section. If you want to look up the history of one particularly paper plane, say the Paper Dart or the Swallow, the standard names for these two designs, you can find this in the section about Individual Designs. Individual Designs generally only have their own pages if they occur regularly in the literature. Details of designs that only appear once or twice may not have their own page but information about them will appear in the Index Pages.

Below this are other sections that provide links to areas of special interest such as Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding, Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles and Paperfolding as Political Propaganda.

Finally, right at the foot of this page, there is a section about sources, which provides information about many of the historical documents on which the other pages are based, and, in many cases, provides a link to a full online version of the document the information is drawn from. If you know of any other significant sources of information that I have overlooked please let me know.

Where sources are shown but are not yet linked to pages it means I have information on what they contain but have not yet found time to add the information here.

Where sources are marked 'incomplete information' it means I have not yet been able to obtain a full print copy or find a full electronic copy on line. If you can make up for these deficiences I will be extremely grateful.

Where sources are marked 'not yet integrated' it means I have not yet carried the information they contain over to the Index and Individual Design pages.

Where pages are marked 'incomplete' it means that I have information that has not yet been added to these pages, in some cases a great deal of information, and that consequently they should not , at present, be relied upon as the basis for a reliable historical narrative.

All pages are subject to updating as new information becomes available.

 
Some Well-Known Designs
 
Pages about many more individual designs can be found further down this page.
 
 
Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People
 
 
Index Pages - Techniques / Materials / Types of Design
 
  Active Play Designs     Golden Venture / 3D Origami     Doubly Pleated Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Cardboard Modelling / Cartonnage (incomplete)     Inflatable Designs     Quilling / Paper Filigree
                     
  Fold, Slit and Fold Chevron Designs     Macromodular Designs     Air Driven Rotating Designs
                     
  Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding     Modular Designs     Rotationally Symmetric Fold and Cut Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Fold and Cut Designs (incomplete)     Napkin and Serviette Folding (incomplete)     Strip Folding - Flat Figures (incomplete)
                     
  Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding     Noise Making Designs     Strip Folding - Woven Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Froebelian Folds of Life     Fold and One Cut Designs (incomplete)     Strip Folding - Zigzag Designs
                     
  Single-Sheet Geometric Ornaments and Decorations (incomplete)     Designs folded from Playing Cards     Water Absorbing Designs
                     
        Pleated Designs      
 
Index Pages - Inanimate Objects
 
  Alphabets, Letters and Numbers     Froebelian Folds of Life from the Double Blintz Basic Form     Paper Pipes
                     
  Paper Balls     Froebelian Folds of Life from the Windmill Base     Paper Pistols
                     
  Paper Bangers     Froebelian Folds of Life from the the Triple Blintz Basic Form (revision required)     Paper Planes
                     
  Baskets     Froebelian Folds of Life from the the Blintzed Windmill Base     Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
                     
  Boats     Furniture     Cut and Fold Polygonal Purses
                     
  Bookmarks     Hats and Caps     Purses / Bags / Wallets / Card Holders (incomplete)
                     
  Boxes and Bowls     Designs derived from the House     Spools / Yarn Holders
                     
  3D Buildings / Structures     Flyable Kites     Tents
                     
  Clothing and Personal Accessories     Kites (Non-Flying)     Tools and Household Equipment
                     
  Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle     Lanterns     Miscellaneous Transport and Vehicles
                     
  Paper Darts and Flights     Letterfolds and Letterlocks     Umbrellas and Parasols
                     
  Miscellaneous Desk Furniture     Musical Instruments (non-playing)     Wall Mounted Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Fold and Cut Friezes     Japanese Folding Picture Forms     Windmills
                     
  Simple Froebelian Folds of Life (incomplete)            
 
Index Pages - Patterns, Flat Shapes and 3D Forms
 
  Cubes     Patterns from Hexagons (incomplete)     Patterns developed from the Windmill
                     
  Octagrams (incomplete)     Patterns from Pentagons     Stars of David (incomplete)
                     
  Patterns from the Equilateral Triangle     Patterns from Squares / Rosaces / Rosettes (incomplete)      
                     
               
 
Index Pages - Living Things
 
  Bats     Fish     Monkeys and Apes
                     
  Bears     Plants and Flowers (incomplete)     Octopii
                     
  Birds     Foxes     Peacocks
                     
  Bulls and Cows     Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles     Penguins
                     
  Butterflies     Giraffes     Pigs and Boars
                     
  Camels     Human Faces     Miscellaneous Sealife
                     
  Cicadas     Human Figures (incomplete)     Seals / Sealions
                     
  Crabs and Lobsters     Miscellaneous Insects     Snails
                     
  Crane and Tortoise Designs     Kangaroos     Spiders
                     
  Dragonflies     Mice and Rats     Turtles / Tortoises
                     
  Elephants            
 
Pages about Individual Designs
 

Closely connected designs may share the same page.

Some designs, mostly those which only occur once in the literature (or in multiple books by the same author) are not recorded separately in this section. You can, however, look them up in the Index Pages sections above.

 
  Abd-El-Krim     The Flapping Dove     The Playing Card Cube
                     
  The Afghan Bands / Les Anneaux Mysterieuse     The Flat Bottomed Boat     The Playing Card Monk / Capuchin
                     
  The Air Force Cap     The Frame and the Picture Frame     Le Porte-Allumettes / La Violetera
                     
  The Bellows     The Paper Rosette / Froebel Star / Moravian Star / German Star / Swedish Star     The Propellor / Helice
                     
  The Blintz Box or Masu / The Winnowing Box     The Blow-Up Frog     The Slit and Assemble Cube and Sphere / The Puff Ball
                     
  The Blotting Paper Holder / Le Sous-Main Buvard     The Jumping Frog     The Puzzle Purse / Pinwheel / Thread Container / Menko
                     
  The Blowpipe and Darts     The Fold and Cut Paper Garland / How to Climb Through a Playing Card     The Pyramidal Hat
                     
  The Paper Boat / Paper Boat Hat / Paper Boat Snapper     The Walking Giraffe / Le Girafe Marchant (incomplete)     The Salt Cellar / The Pepperpot
                     
  The Boat with Fishbox     The Hibachi     The Inside Out Boat / The Sampan / The Rainy Day Sampan
                     
  The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp     Horses and Riders     The Sanbo
                     
  The Square Hat / Le Bonnet Carre     The House     The Sanbo on Legs and its derivative designs
                     
  The Box with Handles / La Boite a Anses     The Japanese House     The Sedan Chair / Kago / Palanquin
                     
  The Blow-up Bunny     The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog     The Shanghai Star and Basket
                     
  The Fold and Slit Cage, the Fold and Slit Fishing Net and the Fold and Slit Trellis     The Jumping Bean     The Snapdragon
                     
  The Cake Box     The Junk Box     The Soldier's Cap / The Poke Bonnet
                     
  The Carrier Pigeon / Bird Flies Off Your Hand     The Kabuto / Japanese Helmet / Samurai Helmet / Goldfish / Nagakabuto / The Party Hat     The Solid Box / The Firm Box
                     
  The Catherine of Cleves Box     The Kettle and the Open Top Box     The Sofa / Organ / Piano / Chair
                     
  The Chrysanthemum Box     The Kikuzara / The Japanese Ornamental Ball     The Sonobe Module
                     
  The Chickenwire Letterfold     The King's Crown / The Battleship     The Sou'wester / Gorro de Aguas
                     
  The Gondola / Chinese Junk / Takarabune     Komoso / Yakko-san     The Fat Sparrow
                     
  The Cigar Case     The Large Box     The Square Letterfold
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (19th Century)     The Fold and One Cut Latin Cross / Maltese Cross / Three Crosses / Altar / Ticket to Heaven / Hell     The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (20th Century)     The Lily / Iris     The Star of David from an Equilateral Triangle
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita in a Boat     The Lotus     The Star-Shaped Box
                     
  The Cradle     The Love Knot Letterfold     The Steamship / Well / Battleship
                     
  The Paper Crane / Orizuru / Sadako Sasaki     The Lover's Knot     The Lazy Susan
                     
  The Nesting Crane     The Magazine Cover Box     The Swallow (paper plane)
                     
  The Crane Envelope     The Magic Hat / Bonnet de Magicien / Bonnete de Magico     The Table and the Tablecloth
                     
  Le Cri du Veau / Trumpet / Flute     The Mirror and the Looking Glass     The Talking Fish
                     
  The Cross / The Double Cross     The Mitre / Pencil Case / Doll / Turban     The Tematebako
                     
  The Paper Cup     The Mobius Band / Flattening a Mobius Band into a Regular Hexagon     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
                     
  The Cup and Saucer     The Cut and Fold Model Aeroplane     The Three Scrolls
                     
  The Paper Dart / Arrow     Le Moineau (The Sparrow)     The Vase / The Cravat
                     
  The Paper Doily     The Monster Fish     Verdi's Vase
                     
  The Chain of Dolls     The Mushikago     The Wagon / El Carro
                     
  The Donkey with Panniers     The Newspaper Hat     The Waterbomb / The Hot Air Balloon
                     
  The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat     The Newspaper Sword, Newspaper Ladder, Newspaper Tree and the Flags     The Wild Man From Borneo / Le Diablotin / El Gatito
                     
  Another Double Boat     The Pagoda     The Windmill
                     
  The Double Boat with Sail     The Fold and Cut Paper Parachute     The Cut and Fold Windmill
                     
  The Double Fishbox / The Portfolio     The Patisserie Box     The Wind Wheel
                     
  Don Simon     La Peniche / Le Bateau Ponte     The Witch's Ladder / Devil's Staircase / Hexentrappe / Harmonika
                     
  The Dove     The Pentagonal Knot and the See-Through Pentagram     The Workman's Hat ( aka The Carpenter's, Printer's or Pressman's Hat)
                     
  The Drinking Bird     The Fold and One Cut Pentagram / Five-pointed Star / Betsy Ross Star     The Woven Cross
                     
  The Duck     The Pig / The Corner Cabinet / The Shelf (L'Etagere) / The Trough (La Artesa)      
                     
  The Flapping Bird     The Pipe Cap / Bishop's Mitre / Bishop's Crown / Traditional Ingot      
                     
  The Flapping Butterfly     The Plaited Belt      
                     
               
 
Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding
 
  Ceremonial Wrappers / Tsutsumi     Folded Patenbriefs / Sponsorship Letters     The Folding of Visiting / Calling Cards
                     
  Corporals     The Floral Sake Container Cover      
                     
  Ocho and Mecho Butterflies     Valentines, Proposals and Love Tokens      
 
Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding
 
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some practical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
 
  Books     Paper Filters     Letterfolds and Letterlocks (incomplete)
                     
  How to Cover a Book     Paper Fire Lighters     Paperclips
                     
  Paper Cartridges     Fold-Outs (incomplete)     Paper Packets and Packaging (incomplete)
                     
  Paper Bands, Chains and Garlands     Fold and Slit Paper Frills / Ruffles / Manchettes / Candle Decorations / Trees     The Rectangular Packet
                     
  Paper Cones / Grocer's Cones     Paper Hair Wrappings     Fold and Cut Shelf Edgings and Flowerpot Decorations
                     
  Fold and Cut Stove and Chair Covers     Harlequinades / Metamorphoses / Flap-Books / Turn-up Books     Paper Spills /Alumettes / Paper Matches
                     
  Paper Dunce's Hats and Donkey Ears     The Hexagonal Packet     The Square Packet
                     
  Pleated Paper Fans     Pleated Paper Lampshades     Fold and Slit Paper Tinsel / Tassles (incomplete)
                     
              Paper Wicks
 
Themes and Ideas
 
  Opportunities for Interfusion between East and West     The Concept of Pure Origami     Strands of Paperfolding in Western Europe and the USA
 
Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles
 
 
Paperfolding Entertainments and Magical Effects
 
 
Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
 
Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
 
 
Paperfolding Mathematics
 
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information information about the first appearance of some mathematical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
 
 
Paperfolding Science
 
 
Paperfolding in Specific Publications
 
 
Paperfolding Bibliography
 
  Robert E Neale - A bibliography (not yet integrated)            
                     
               
 
Sources
 
A Note about the Nature of Paperfolding History

Subsidiary Sources Consulted / Searched

Undated Postcards / Undated Trade Cards / Undated Drawings, Prints and Paintings

 
Japanese books and books by Japanese authors are marked with pink squares.
 
  De Viribus Quantitatis by Luca Pacioli, 1502     How to Teach Paper-Folding and Cutting by Norma MacLeod, 1892     Papirolas Escolares by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1947 (incomplete information)
                     
  Magiae Naturalis by Giambattista della Porta, 1584     Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by Jully & Rocheron, 1892     Papiroflexia Elemental by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
                     
  Trattato delle piegature by Mattia Giegher, 1629     Geometrical Exercises in Paperfolding by Tandalam Sundara Rao, 1893     The Art of Chinese Paperfolding by Maying Soong, 1948
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae by Daniel Schwenter, 1636     Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica: Medios de Instruir by Vicente Castro Legua, 1893     Au Pays des Mains Agiles, 1949
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 2 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1651     L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel by M P Martin, 1893     Occupons Nos Doigts by Raymond Richard, 1950
                     
  Vollständiges und von neuem vermehrtes Trincir-Buch by Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, 1652     Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices by Henriette Suzanne Brés, 1894 (not yet integrated)     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1951 extended edition
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 3 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1653     Pour Amuser les Petits by Tom Tit, 1894     Papiroflexia by Elias Gutierrez Gil, 1951 (incomplete information)
                     
  Trenchier-und Plicatur-Büchlein by Andreas Klett, 1657 (incomplete information)     Pajaritologia by Senesio Delgado, 1894     Una Hoja de Papel by Lorenzo Herrero, 1952
                     
  Aanhangzel volmaakte Hollandsche keuken-meid by Jan Willem Claus van Laar, 1746     L'Enseignement Manuel by Rene Leblanc, 1895     A Bibliography of Paper Folding by Gershon Legman, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Onna Chohoki, 1692 (and 1847)     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Elementaire - M E. Cazes, 1895 (incomplete information)     Article on the work of Yoshizawa in Asahi Graf, January 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Origata Tehon of Kikuchi Fujiwara no Takehide, 1697     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Moyen - M E. Cazes, 1895     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine April to December, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Récréations mathématiques et physiques by Jacques Ozanam, 1723     Course in Paperfolding by Eleenore Heerwart, 1895     Atari Origami Geijuitsu by Akira Yoshizawa, 1954 (incomplete information)
                     
  Enganos a Ojos Vistas, Y Diversion de Trabajos by Pablo Minguet E Irol, 1733     Froebel's Occupations by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith, 1896     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Shufu no Tomo (Young Ladies’ Friend) magazine, 1954
                     
  I Giochi Numerici Fatti Arcani by Giuseppe Antonio Alberti, 1747     Article about Troublewit in The Strand Magazine, 1896     Paper Magic by Robert Harbin, 1956
                     
  Tresor des Jeux by Carlo Antonio, 1759     Pliage et Decoupage du Papier by C Savineau, 1897 (incomplete information)     Origami Dokuhon by Akira Yoshizawa, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Die Zehenmal Hundert und Eine Kunst by Albrecht Ernst Friedrich von Crailsheim, 1762     Kindergarten Guide by Lois Bates, 1897     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Hoketsuki by Sadatake Ise, 1764     Le Livre des Amusettes by Toto, 1899     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Penguin Book by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Senbazuru Orikata, 1797     L'Art de Plier les Serviettes de Table by Agnes Verboom, 1899     Origami: Book One by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Orikata Tehon Chushingura, 1797     What Shall We Do Now? by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, 1900     Origami Zukan by Okimasa Uchiyama, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Complet des Jeux de Société by Elisabeth Celnart, 1827     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1902     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Monkey Book by Isao Honda, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Boy's Own Book by William Clarke, 1828     La Recreation en Famille by Tom Tit, 1903     Origami: Book Two by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manual Completo de Juegos de Sociedad o Tertulia y la Prendas by Mariano de Rementería y Fica, 1831     La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, 1903     Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures Exhibition Catalogue, 1959 (not yet integrated)
                     
  The Girl's Own Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1833     Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo by Ezequiel Solana, 1904     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Fuji Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Kan No Mado, 1845     Les Bon Jeudis by Tom Tit, 1906     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Sakura Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  Juegos de los Ninos, 1847     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, January 1907     Origami: Book Three by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Pratique des Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, 1859     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, February 1907     How to Make Origami by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Boy's Own Toymaker by E Landells, 1859     Les Petits Secrets Amusants by Alber-Graves, 1908 (incomplete information)     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to origami: Bunny Book by Isao Honda. 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Girl's Own Toymaker by E Landells and Alice Landells, 1860     Cartoon in La Campana Catalana by Apeles Mestres, 1908     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine January to September, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 1 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Handicraft Teaching Materials and Teaching Methods by Hideyoshi Okayama, 1909 (incomplete information)     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to Origami: Bow-Wow Book by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 2 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs by H de Graffigny, 1909 (not yet integrated)     Paperfolding Fun by Robert Harbin, 1960
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 4 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, 1910     All About Origami by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Spielbuch fur Knaben by Hermann Wagner, 1864     Un recuerdo puro by Miguel de Unamuno, 1910     Origami by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Every Little Boy's Book, 1864     Distractions Enfantines by Marie Koenig, 1910     Origami 2 by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Spielbuch für Mädchen by Marie Leske, 1865     El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela by Félix Martí Alpera, 1914 (not yet integrated)     The Art of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1961
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1869 First Edition     Illustrated Paperfolding by Shaolie Gui, 1914 (incomplete information)     Origami Zoo: Animal Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
  Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1869     Scientific Amusements by C G Knott, 1918     Origami Zoo: Bird Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
  Hanky Panky by W H Cremer, 1872     Paper Tricks by Will Goldston, 1919 (incomplete information)     Folding Paper Puppets by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1962
                     
  The Popular Recreator, 1873     Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1920     Papiroflexia Zoomorphica by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 2 Volumes, 1962
                     
  Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel by Fanny and Charles Delon, 1873     Houdini's Paper Magic, 1922     Living Origami Book 1 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1874 Edition     Unamuno, Venegas y la Cocotologia / La vida - La evolucion de la pajarita by Ramon Gomez de la Serna, 1922     Living Origami Book 2 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch by E Barth and W Niederley, 1876     More Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1923     Party Lines by Robert Harbin, 1963
                     
  Tokyo Women's Normal School publication, 1878 (incomplete information)     Joujoux en Papier by Tom Tit, 1924     Secrets of Origami by Robert Harbin, 1963
                     
  Yochien Ho Niju Yuki by Seki Shinzo, 1879     Papiergestaltung by Paul Engelhardt and Adolf Lillack, 1926 (incomplete information)     Folding Paper Toys by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1963 (not yet integrated)
                     
  Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, 1879     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, 1927 (incomplete information)     Tanoshii Origami (Joyful Origami) and Origami Ehon (Origami Picture Book) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1963
                     
  Les Récréations Scientifiques by Gaston Tissandier, 1880 to 1888     Fun with Paper Folding by Murray and Rigney, 1928     The Best of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1964
                     
  Un million de jeux et de plaisirs by T de Moulidars, 1880     Miguel de Unamuno - der Baskische Bildhauer by Edda Reinhardt, 1928     Lampen Aus Papier by Brigitte Schussler, 1964
                     
  The Boy's Own Book (Revised Edition), 1880     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1928     Noshi - Classic Origami in Japan by Isao Honda, 1964
                     
  The Kindergarten Principle by Mary J Lyschinska, 1880     Article in Modern Mechanix magazine, 1929     Folding Paper Masks by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1965 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cassell's Book of Indoor Amusements, Card Games and Fireside Fun, 1881     Origami Part 1 by Isao Honda, 1931     The World of Origami by Isao Honda, 1965, unabridged version (incomplete information)
                     
  Het Vlechten by Elise Van Calcar, 1881     Origami Part 2 by Isao Honda, 1932 (incomplete information)     The Great International Airplane Book by Mander, Dippel and Gossage, 1967
                     
  Part 2 of The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, 1882     Winter Nights Entertainments by R M Abraham, 1932     Origami Dokuhon 1 (second edition) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1967
                     
  Arrêté réglant l’organisation pédagogique et le plan d’études des écoles primaires publiques, Jules Ferry, 1882     Images A Plier by M R Chasles, 1932     Origami Folding Fun: Kangaroo Book by Isao Honda, 1967(incomplete information)
                     
  Popular Scientific Recreations, 1883     Figuras de Papel, 1932 (incomplete information)     Origami Folding Fun: Pony Book by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani by Giuseppe Pitri, 1883     Las Pajaritas de Papel de Unamuno, Article in Estampa magazine, 1932     Origami Holiday by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Jeux et Jouet du Jeune Age by Gaston Tissandier, 1884     Diversions and Pastimes by R M Abraham, 1933     Origami Festival by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Les Cocottes de Mon Grand-Pere by Alfred Delvau, 1884     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1934 Revised Edition     How to Make and Fly Paper Airplanes by Captain Ralph S. Barnaby, 1968
                     
  Kindergarten Shoho by Iijima Hanjuro, 1885     Paper Toy Making by Margaret Campbell, 1937     Teach Yourself Origami by Robert Harbin, 1968
                     
  Instruction pour l'Enseignement Manuel dans les Ecoles Primaires by G Salicis, 1885 (incomplete information)     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1938 (incomplete information)     Nihon no Kokoro Dento Origami (Heart of Japan, Traditional Origami) by Isao Honda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Exercises de Travaux Manuels de L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen, 1886/7     Fun with Paper by Joseph Leeming, 1939 (incomplete information)     Modern Origami by James Minoru Sakoda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cours de Travail Manuel (Pour les Garcons) by A Planty, 1887     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1939     More Origami by Robert Harbin, 1971
                     
  Enseignement du Travail Manuel a L'Ecole Primaire by Emile Faivre, 1887     Papirolas - Doblado y Plegado by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1939 (incomplete information)     Origami 3 by Robert Harbin, 1972
                     
  Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, 1887 (incomplete information)     Papirolas - Pajaritalogia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1940 (incomplete information)     Origami Step by Step by Robert Harbin, 1974
                     
  Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by M. Coste et J. Lapassade, 1887 (incomplete information)     At Home Tonight by Herbert McKay, 1940     Utsukushii Origami (Beautiful Origami) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1974
                     
  Historia de Unas Pajaritas de Papel by Miguel de Unamuno, 1888     El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, 1940     Have Fun with Origami by Robert Harbin, 1975
                     
  L'Enseignement Manuel et Expérimental by Rene Leblanc, 1888-1891 (incomplete information)     Papiro-Zoo: Manual Practico de Cocotologia by Giordano Lareo, 1941 (incomplete information)     Origami 4 by Robert Harbin, 1977
                     
  La Science Pratique by Gaston Tissandier, 1889     After The Dessert by Martin Gardner, 1941     Meditations on a Waterbomb by Kenneth M Kawamura, 1977 (not yet integrated)
                     
  Jeux et Travaux Enfantins: Le Monde en Papier by Marie Koenig and Albert Durand, 1889 (incomplete information)     Paper Magic by U F Grant, 1941 (incomplete information)      
                     
  Scientific Amusements by Henry Frith, 1890     El Libro de Oro de Los Ninos, 1943 (incomplete information)      
                     
  The Boy's Own Book of Indoor Games and Recreations by G A Hutchinson, 1890     Origami Shuko by Isao Honda, 1944 (incomplete information)      
                     
  Serviettes and How to Fold Them, 1890     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia Superior by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)      
                     
  La Science Amusante by Tom Tit, 1890-1893     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1946      
                     
  Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers by Maggie Browne, 1891            
                     
  Bulletin de la Societe de Protection des Apprentis,1891            
                     
  Paper Folding and Cutting by Katherine M Ball, 1892