Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell


The Public Paperfolding History Project

The 1885 engraving of the Flapping Bird

  Information about the history of paperfolding found on the internet, and, indeed, in many older published sources, is often based more on myth and imagination than on fact and scholarship. The Public Paperfolding History Project aims to collect information from verifiable historical sources from which a more reliable narrative of the development of paperfolding as a whole, and of individual paperfolding styles and designs, can be shaped, and to make it publicly available for everyone to study and enjoy.

Objects made of paper are ephemeral and the record we have of them at an early date relies largely on their chance survival or their mention or appearance in poetry, books, fabrics, drawings and paintings. It is likely that many practical and recreational paperfolds are much older than the earliest evidence for their existence. Unfortunately, of course, we cannot know, even approximately, how much older they might actually be.

The information in this section is drawn from texts in Japanese, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, English and several other languages. I am only fluent in English and rely on on-line translation tools for assistance. This will necessarily mean that I have made mistakes. If you find any errors or inaccuracies in these pages, or are aware of additional information, particularly early information, that I do not know of, or may have overlooked, please let me know.

I would particularly like to acknowledge the assistance of Juan Gimeno, Michel Grand, Masatsugu Tsutsumi, Edwin Corrie, Jaume Coll Guerrero, Koshiro Hatori, Joan Sallas and Laura Rosenberg, who have kindly provided information and pointed out mistakes. All the remaining errors are, of course, my own.

A Chronology of Paperfolding History
How to find information on this page
The first two sections below provide links to pages about Some Well-Known Designs and Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People and their connection to paperfolding. Looking through a few of these may, I hope, encourage you to dig in a little deeper.

The next two sections provide indexes to various broad Categories of Designs and then to some Paperfolding Techniques. In some cases material from the main sources has not yet been carried over to these index pages. You can, however, still use them to locate designs which do not (yet) merit a specific page of their own.

The next section is probably the one that you will want to use the most. It provides pages about Specific Designs, including all the best known 'traditional' designs (and some that you may never have heard of before).

If you want information about, for instance, the history of paper planes in general, you can find this in the Index Pages - Categories of Designs section. If you want to look up the history of one particularly paper plane, say the Paper Dart or the Swallow, you can find this in the section about Specific Designs. Individual designs generally only have their own specific pages if they occur regularly in the literature. Details of designs that only appear once or twice may not have their own page but information about them will appear in the Index Pages.

Below this are other sections that provide links to areas of special interest such as Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding, Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles and Paperfolding as Political Propaganda.

Finally, right at the foot of this page, there is a section about sources, which provides information about many of the historical documents on which the other pages are based, and, in many cases, provides a link to a full online version of the document the information is drawn from. At present information in the Main Sources pages has only been fully carried over into the Specific Design pages up until 1951. If you know of any other significant sources of information that I have overlooked please let me know.

Where sources are shown but are not yet linked to pages it means I have information on what they contain but have not yet found time to write up the information.

Where sources are marked 'incomplete information' it means I have not yet been able to obtain a full print copy or find a full electronic copy on line. If you can make up for these deficiences I will be extremely grateful.

Where linked pages are marked 'incomplete' it means that I have information that has not yet been added to these pages, in some cases a great deal of information, and that consequently they should not , at present, be relied upon as the basis for a reliable historical narrative.

All pages are subject to updating as new information becomes available.

Some Well-Known Designs
Pages about many more specific designs can be found further down this index page.
Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People
Index Pages - Categories of Designs
These index pages are a relatively new addition to the site and in some cases material from the Main Sources has not yet been carried forward to them. You can, however, still use them to locate designs which do not merit a specific page of their own.
  Active Play Designs     Flat Figures from Paper Strips (incomplete)     Peacocks
  Alphabets and Paper Numbers     Plants and Flowers (incomplete)     Penguins
  The Paper Ball     Foxes     Japanese Folding Picture Forms
  Paper Bangers     Fold and Cut Friezes     Pigs and Boars
  Baskets     Simple Froebelian Folds of Life (incomplete)     Paper Pistols
  Bats     Froebelian Folds of Life from the Double Blintz Basic Form     Paper Planes
  Bears     Froebelian Folds of Life from the Windmill Base     Designs folded from Playing Cards
  Birds     Froebelian Folds of Life from the the Triple Blintz Basic Form (revision required)     Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
  Boats     Froebelian Folds of Life from the the Blintzed Windmill Base     Purses / Bags / Wallets / Card Holders (incomplete)
  Bookmarks     Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles     Air Driven Rotating Designs
  Boxes and Bowls     Furniture     Rotationally Symmetric Fold and Cut Designs (incomplete)
  3D Buildings / Structures     Single-Sheet Geometric Ornaments and Decorations (incomplete)     Miscellaneous Sealife
  Bulls and Cows     Giraffes     Seals / Sealions
  Butterflies     Hats and Caps     Snails
  Camels     Designs derived from the House     Spiders
  Cicadas     Human Figures (incomplete)     Spools / Yarn Holders
  Clothing and Personal Accessories     Inflatable Designs     Tatos / Flat Paper Pouches
  Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle     Miscellaneous Insects     Tents
  Crabs and Lobsters     Kangaroos     Tools and Household Equipment
  Crane and Tortoise Designs     Flyable Kites     Miscellaneous Transport and Vehicles
  Cubes     Kites (Non-Flying)     Turtles / Tortoises
  Stars of David (incomplete)     Lanterns     Umbrellas and Parasols
  Paper Darts and Flights     Letterfolds and Letterlocks     Wall Mounted Designs (incomplete)
  Miscellaneous Desk Furniture     Mice and Rats     Water Absorbing Designs
  Dragonflies     Monkeys and Apes     Windmills
  Elephants     Musical Instruments (non-playing)     Windmill Base Patterns and Decorations
  Faces     Noise Making Designs      
  Fish     Octagrams (incomplete)      
Index Pages - Paperfolding Techniques
  Cardboard Modelling / Cartonnage (incomplete)     Macromodular Origami     Pure Origami
  Fold, Cut and Fold Designs (incomplete)     Modular Origami     Quilling / Paper Filigree
  Golden Venture / 3D Origami     Fold and One Cut Designs     Fold and Weave Designs from Paper Strips
Pages about Specific Designs

Closely connected designs may share the same page.

Some designs, mostly those which only occur once in the literature (or in multiple books by the same author) are not recorded separately in this section. You can, however, look them up in the Category Pages section above.

  Abd-El-Krim     The Flapping Dove     The Playing Card Cube
  The Afghan Bands / Les Anneaux Mysterieuse     The Flat Bottomed Boat     The Playing Card Monk / Capuchin
  The Air Force Cap     The Frame and the Picture Frame     Le Porte-Allumettes / La Violetera
  The Bellows     The Paper Rosette / Froebel Star / Moravian Star / German Star / Swedish Star     The Propellor / Helice
  The Blintz Box or Masu / The Winnowing Box     The Blow-Up Frog     The Slit and Assemble Cube and Sphere / The Puff Ball
  The Blotting Paper Holder / Le Sous-Main Buvard     The Jumping Frog     The Puzzle Purse / Pinwheel / Thread Container / Menko
  The Blowpipe and Darts     The Fold, Cut and Fold Paper Garland / How to Climb Through a Playing Card Effect     The Pyramidal Hat
  The Paper Boat / Paper Boat Hat / Paper Boat Snapper     The Walking Giraffe / Le Girafe Marchant (incomplete)     The Salt Cellar / The Pepperpot
  The Boat with Fishbox     The Hibachi     The Inside Out Boat / The Sampan / The Rainy Day Sampan
  The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp     Horses and Riders     The Sanbo
  The Square Hat / Le Bonnet Carre     The House     The Sanbo on Legs and its derivative designs
  The Box with Handles / La Boite a Anses     The Japanese House     The Sedan Chair / Kago / Palanquin
  The Blow-up Bunny     The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog     The Shanghai Star and Basket
  The Fold and Slit Trellis and the Fold and Slit Cage     The Jumping Bean     The Snapdragon
  The Cake Box     The Junk Box     The Soldier's Cap / The Poke Bonnet
  The Carrier Pigeon / Bird Flies Off Your Hand     The Kabuto / Japanese Helmet / Samurai Helmet / Goldfish / Nagakabuto / The Party Hat     The Solid Box / The Firm Box
  The Catherine of Cleves Box     The Kettle and the Open Top Box     The Sofa / Organ / Piano / Chair
  Fold, Slit and Fold Chevron Designs     The Kikuzara / The Japanese Ornamental Ball     The Sou'wester / Gorro de Aguas
  The Chrysanthemum Box     The King's Crown / The Battleship     The Fat Sparrow
  The Chickenwire Letterfold     Komoso / Yakko-san     The Square Letterfold
  The Gondola / Chinese Junk / Takarabune     The Large Box     The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
  The Cigar Case     The Fold and One Cut Latin Cross / Altar / Ticket to Heaven / Hell     The Interwoven Star of David
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (19th Century)     The Lily / Iris     The Star-Shaped Box
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (20th Century)     The Lotus     The Steamship / Well / Battleship
  The Cocotte / Pajarita in a Boat     The Love Knot Letterfold     The Lazy Susan
  The Cradle     The Lover's Knot     The Swallow (paper plane)
  The Paper Crane / Orizuru / Sadako Sasaki     The Magazine Cover Box     The Table and the Tablecloth
  The Nesting Crane     The Magic Hat / Bonnet de Magicien / Bonnete de Magico     The Tematebako
  The Crane Envelope     The Mirror and the Looking Glass     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
  Le Cri du Veau / Trumpet / Flute     The Mitre / Pencil Case / Doll / Turban     The Three Scrolls
  The Cross / The Double Cross     The Mobius Band / Flattening a Mobius Band into a Regular Hexagon     The Vase / The Cravat
  The Paper Cup     The Cut and Fold Model Aeroplane     Verdi's Vase
  The Cup and Saucer     Le Moineau (The Sparrow)     The Wagon / El Carro
  The Paper Dart / Arrow     The Monster Fish     The Waterbomb / The Hot Air Balloon
  The Paper Doily     The Mushikago     The Wild Man From Borneo / Le Diablotin / El Gatito
  The Chain of Dolls     The Newspaper Hat     The Windmill
  The Donkey with Panniers     The Newspaper Sword, Newspaper Ladder, Newspaper Tree and the Flags     The Cut and Fold Windmill
  The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat     The Pagoda     The Wind Wheel
  Another Double Boat     The Fold and Cut Paper Parachute     The Witch's Ladder / Devil's Staircase / Hexentrappe / Harmonika
  The Double Boat with Sail     The Patisserie Box     The Workman's Hat ( aka The Carpenter's, Printer's or Pressman's Hat)
  The Double Fishbox / The Portfolio     La Peniche / Le Bateau Ponte     The Woven Cross
  Don Simon     The Pentagonal Knot and the See-Through Pentagram      
  The Dove     The Fold and One Cut Pentagram / Five-pointed Star / Betsy Ross Star      
  The Drinking Bird     The Pig / The Corner Cabinet / The Shelf (L'Etagere) / The Trough (La Artesa)      
  The Duck     The Pipe Cap / Bishop's Mitre / Bishop's Crown / Traditional Ingot      
  The Flapping Bird     The Plaited Belt      
  The Flapping Butterfly            
Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding
Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding
  Ceremonial Wrappers / Tsutsumi     Folded Patenbriefs / Sponsorship Letters     The Folding of Visiting / Calling Cards
  Corporals     The Floral Sake Container Cover      
  Ocho and Mecho Butterflies     Valentines, Proposals and Love Tokens      
Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some practical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
  Books     Pleated Paper Fans     Letterfolds and Letterlocks (incomplete)
  How to Cover a Book     Paper Filters     Napkin and Serviette Folding (incomplete)
  Paper Cartridges     Paper Fire Lighters     Paper Packets
  Paper Bands, Chains and Garlands     Fold-Outs (incomplete)     Fold and Cut Shelf Edgings and Flowerpot Decorations
  Paperclips     Fold and Slit Paper Frills / Ruffles / Manchettes / Candle Decorations / Trees     Paper Spills /Alumettes / Paper Matches
  Paper Cones / Grocer's Cones     Paper Hair Wrappings     Fold and Slit Paper Tinsel / Tassles (incomplete)
  Fold and Cut Stove and Chair Covers     Harlequinades / Metamorphoses / Flap-Books / Turn-up Books     Paper Wicks
  Paper Dunce's Hats and Donkey Ears     Pleated Paper Lampshades      
Themes and Ideas
  Opportunities for Interfusion between East and West     The Concept of Pure Origami     Strands of Paperfolding in Western Europe and the USA
Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles
Paperfolding Entertainments and Magical Effects
Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
Paperfolding Mathematics
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information information about the first appearance of some mathematical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
  Summing the Angles of a Triangle     Cut and Fold Polyhedral Nets (incomplete)     Division into Thirds and Fifths (incomplete)
  Constructing 60 Degree Angles (incomplete)     Mathematical Puzzles     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
  Constructing Polygons by Folding Paper (incomplete)     Demonstrating / Proving Pythagoras' Theorem (incomplete)      
  Constructing Polyhedra by Folding Paper     Constructing Accurate Right Angles by Folding Paper      
Paperfolding Science
Paperfolding in Specific Publications
Paperfolding Bibliography
  Robert E Neale - A bibliography            
A Note about the Nature of Paperfolding History

Subsidiary Sources Consulted / Searched

Undated Postcards / Undated Trade Cards / Undated Drawings, Prints and Paintings

Japanese sources are marked with pink squares.
  De Viribus Quantitatis by Luca Pacioli, 1502     Historia de Unas Pajaritas de Papel by Miguel de Unamuno, 1888     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1928
  'Magiae Naturalis' by Giambattista della Porta, 1584     La Science Pratique by Gaston Tissandier, 1889     Article in Modern Mechanix magazine, 1929
  Trattato delle piegature by Mattia Giegher, 1629     Jeux et Travaux Enfantins: Le Monde en Papier by Marie Koenig and Albert Durand, 1889 (incomplete information)     Origami Part 1 by Isao Honda, 1931
  Deliciae physico mathematicae by Daniel Schwenter, 1636     Scientific Amusements by Henry Frith, 1890     Origami Part 2 by Isao Honda, 1932 (incomplete information)
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 2 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1651     The Boy's Own Book of Indoor Games and Recreations by G A Hutchinson, 1890     Winter Nights Entertainments by R M Abraham, 1932
  Vollständiges und von neuem vermehrtes Trincir-Buch by Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, 1652     Serviettes and How to Fold Them, 1890     Images A Plier by M R Chasles, 1932
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 3 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1653     La Science Amusante by Tom Tit, 1890-1893     Figuras de Papel, 1932 (incomplete information)
  Trenchier-und Plicatur-Büchlein by Andreas Klett, 1657 (incomplete information)     Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers by Maggie Browne, 1891     Las Pajaritas de Papel de Unamuno, Article in Estampa magazine, 1932
  Onna Chohoki, 1692 (and 1847)     Bulletin de la Societe de Protection des Apprentis,1891.     Diversions and Pastimes by R M Abraham, 1933
  Origata Tehon of Kikuchi Fujiwara no Takehide, 1697     Paper Folding and Cutting by Katherine M Ball, 1892     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1934 Revised Edition
  Récréations mathématiques et physiques by Jacques Ozanam, 1723     Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by Jully & Rocheron, 1892     Paper Toy Making by Margaret Campbell, 1937
  Enganos a Ojos Vistas, Y Diversion de Trabajos by Pablo Minguet E Irol, 1733     Geometrical Exercises in Paperfolding by Tandalam Sundara Rao, 1893     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1938 (incomplete information)
  I Giochi Numerici Fatti Arcani by Giuseppe Antonio Alberti, 1747     Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica: Medios de Instruir by Vicente Castro Legua, 1893     Fun with Paper by Joseph Leeming, 1939 (incomplete information)
  Tresor des Jeux by Carlo Antonio, 1759     L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel by M P Martin, 1893     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1939
  Die Zehenmal Hundert und Eine Kunst by Albrecht Ernst Friedrich von Crailsheim, 1762     Pour Amuser les Petits by Tom Tit, 1894     Papirolas - Doblado y Plegado by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1939 (incomplete information)
  Hoketsuki by Sadatake Ise, 1764     Pajaritologia by Senesio Delgado, 1894     Papirolas - Pajaritalogia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1940 (incomplete information)
  The Senbazuru Orikata, 1797     Exercices Manuels by Rene Leblanc, 1895     At Home Tonight by Herbert McKay, 1940
  Orikata Tehon Chushingura, 1797     Geometrie: Dessin - Travaux Manuel by E. Cazes, 1895     El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, 1940
  Manuel Complet des Jeux de Société by Elisabeth Celnart, 1827     Course in Paperfolding by Eleenore Heerwart, 1895     Papiro-Zoo: Manual Practico de Cocotologia by Giordano Lareo, 1941 (incomplete information)
  The Boy's Own Book by William Clarke, 1828     Froebel's Occupations by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith, 1896     After The Dessert by Martin Gardner, 1941
  Manual Completo de Juegos de Sociedad o Tertulia y la Prendas by Mariano de Rementería y Fica, 1831     Article about Troublewit in The Strand Magazine, 1896     Paper Magic by U F Grant, 1941 (incomplete information)
  The Girl's Own Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1833     Kindergarten Guide by Lois Bates, 1897     El Libro de Oro de Los Ninos, 1943 (incomplete information)
  The Kan No Mado, 1845     Le Livre des Amusettes by Toto, 1899     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia Superior by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
  Juegos de los Ninos, 1847     L'Art de Plier les Serviettes de Table by Agnes Verboom, 1899     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1946
  Manuel Pratique des Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, 1859     What Shall We Do Now? by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, 1900     Papirolas Escolares by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1947 (incomplete information)
  The Boy's Own Toymaker by E Landells, 1859     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1902     Papiroflexia Elemental by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
  The Girl's Own Toymaker by E Landells and Alice Landells, 1860     La Recreation en Famille by Tom Tit, 1903     The Art of Chinese Paperfolding by Maying Soong, 1948
  De Kleine Papierwerkers, by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, 1903     Au Pays des Mains Agiles, 1949
  Spielbuch fur Knaben by Hermann Wagner, 1864     Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo by Ezequiel Solana, 1904     Occupons Nos Doigts by Raymond Richard, 1950.
  Every Little Boy's Book, 1864     Les Bon Jeudis by Tom Tit, 1906     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1951 extended edition.
  Spielbuch für Mädchen by Marie Leske, 1865     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, January 1907     Papiroflexia by Elias Gutierrez Gil, 1951 (incomplete information)
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1869 First Edition     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, February 1907     Una Hoja de Papel by Lorenzo Herrero, 1952
  Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1869     Les Petits Secrets Amusants by Alber-Graves, 1908 (incomplete information)     A Bibliography of Paper Folding by Gershon Legman, 1952 (incomplete information)
  Hanky Panky by W H Cremer, 1872     Cartoon in La Campana Catalana by Apeles Mestres, 1908     Paper Magic by Robert Harbin, 1956
  The Popular Recreator, 1873     Handicraft Teaching Materials and Teaching Methods by Hideyoshi Okayama, 1909 (incomplete information)     Origami Dokuhon 1 by Akira Yoshizawa, 1957 (incomplete information)
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1874 Edition     Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs by H de Graffigny, 1909     Origami Zukan by Okimasa Uchiyama, 1958 (incomplete information)
  Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch by E Barth and W Niederley, 1876     Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, 1910     Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures Exhibition Catalogue, 1959
  Tokyo Women's Normal School publication, 1878 (incomplete information)     Un recuerdo puro by Miguel de Unamuno, 1910     Paperfolding Fun by Robert Harbin, 1960 (incomplete information)
  Yochien Ho Niju Yuki by Seki Shinzo, 1879     Distractions Enfantines by Marie Koenig, 1910     The Art of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1961
  Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, 1879     El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela by Félix Martí Alpera, 1914     Folding Paper Puppets by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1962
  Les Récréations Scientifiques by Gaston Tissandier, 1880 to 1888     Illustrated Paperfolding by Shaolie Gui, 1914 (incomplete information)     Papiroflexia Zoomorphica by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 2 Volumes, 1962
  Un million de jeux et de plaisirs by T de Moulidars, 1880     Scientific Amusements by C G Knott, 1918     Party Lines by Robert Harbin, 1963 (incomplete information)
  The Boy's Own Book (Revised Edition), 1880     Paper Tricks by Will Goldston, 1919 (incomplete information)     Secrets of Origami by Robert Harbin, 1963
  The Kindergarten Principle by Mary J Lyschinska, 1880     Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1920     Folding Paper Toys by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1963
  Cassell's Book of Indoor Amusements, Card Games and Fireside Fun, 1881     Houdini's Paper Magic, 1922     The Best of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1964
  Het Vlechten by Elise Van Calcar, 1881     Unamuno, Venegas y la Cocotologia / La vida - La evolucion de la pajarita by Ramon Gomez de la Serna, 1922     Lampen Aus Papier by Brigitte Schussler, 1964
  Part 2 of The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, 1882     More Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1923     Noshi - Classic Origami in Japan by Isao Honda, 1964
  Popular Scientific Recreations, 1883     Joujoux en Papier by Tom Tit, 1924     Folding Paper Masks by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1965 (incomplete information)
  Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani by Giuseppe Pitri, 1883     Papiergestaltung by Paul Engelhardt and Adolf Lillack, 1926 (incomplete information)     The World of Origami by Isao Honda, 1965, unabridged version (incomplete information)
  Jeux et Jouet du Jeune Age by Gaston Tissandier, 1884     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, 1927 (incomplete information)     The Great International Airplane Book by Mander, Dippel and Gossage, 1967
  Les Cocottes de Mon Grand-Pere by Alfred Delvau, 1884     Fun with Paper Folding by Murray and Rigney, 1928     How to Make and Fly Paper Airplanes by Captain Ralph S. Barnaby, 1968
  Kindergarten Shoho by Iijima Hanjuro, 1885     Miguel de Unamuno - der Baskische Bildhauer by Edda Reinhardt, 1928     Meditations on a Waterbomb by Kenneth M Kawamura, 1977
  Exercises de Travaux Manuels de L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen, 1886/7            
  Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, 1887 (incomplete information)