Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

 

 
 
The Public Paperfolding History Project
 

The 1885 engraving of the Flapping Bird

  Information about the history of paperfolding found on the internet, and, indeed, in many older published sources, is often based more on myth and imagination than on fact and scholarship. The Public Paperfolding History Project aims to collect information from verifiable historical sources from which a more reliable narrative of the development of recreational paperfolding as a whole, and of individual paperfolding styles and designs, can be shaped, and to make this information publicly available for everyone to study and enjoy.

Objects made of paper are ephemeral and the record we have of them at an early date relies largely on their chance survival or their mention or appearance in poetry, books, fabrics, drawings, prints and paintings. It is likely that many practical and recreational paperfolds are much older than the earliest evidence we have for their existence. Unfortunately, of course, we cannot know, even approximately, how much older they might actually be.

It is my intention to eventually include information up to 1972 in these pages. After that date designs proliferate so fast that it would be impossible to record them all. For me, at least.

The information in this section is drawn from texts in Japanese, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, English and several other languages. I am only fluent in English and rely on on-line translation tools for assistance. This will necessarily mean that I have made mistakes. If you find any errors or inaccuracies in these pages, or are aware of additional information, particularly early information, that I do not know of, or may have overlooked, please let me know.

I would particularly like to acknowledge the assistance of Juan Gimeno, Michel Grand, Masatsugu Tsutsumi, Edwin Corrie, Jaume Coll Guerrero, Koshiro Hatori, Joan Sallas, Laura Rosenberg and Coral Roma, who have kindly provided information and pointed out mistakes. All the remaining errors are, of course, my own. It goes without saying that the late David Lister's writings on paperfolding history have also been invaluable.

 
Broad Overviews
 
A Brief History of Recreational Paperfolding in Western Europe and Japan until 1931

A Chronology of Paperfolding History

 
How to find information on this page
 
The first two sections below provide links to pages about Some Well-Known Designs and The Paperfolding of Some Well-Known People. Looking through a few of these may, I hope, encourage you to dig in a little deeper.

The following four sections provide Indexes to various broad categories of designs and paperfolding techniques, although, in many cases material from the main sources and individual design pages has not yet been fully carried over. While this means that you cannot (yet) necessarily rely on them for a historical narrative of the topic they cover, you can still use them to find out what designs in that particular category have a page of their own and to locate many designs which do not (yet) merit an individual page.

The next section is probably the one that you will want to use the most. It provides pages about Individual Designs, including all the best known 'traditional' designs (and some that you may never have heard of before). Designs tend to have different names in different books, at different times and, of course, in different languages. To simplify this situation I have given each of the designs that have an Individual Design Page a standard name. Usually this name is in English, but sometimes it is in another language. These standard names are used in the headings in the Index Pages and in the main body of the Source Pages (see below), where they appear in bold. This should, hopefully, help you find the Individual Design Page for the design you are looking for. If you cannot find a classic or 'traditional' design in these pages please feel free to contact me.

If you want information about, for instance, the history of paper planes in general, you can find this in the Index Pages - Inanimate Objects section. If you want to look up the history of one particularly paper plane, say the Paper Dart or the Swallow, you can find this in the section about Individual Designs.

Individual Designs generally only have their own pages if they occur several times in the literature. Details of designs that only appear once or twice may not have their own page but information about them will appear in the Index Pages.

Finally, right at the foot of this page, there is a section about Sources, which provides information about many of the historical documents on which the other pages are based, and, in many cases, provides a link to a full online version of the document the information is drawn from. If you know of any other significant sources of information that I have overlooked please let me know.

Where sources are shown but are not yet linked to pages it means I have information on what they contain but have not yet found time to add the information here.

Where sources are marked 'incomplete information' it means I have not yet been able to obtain a full print copy or find a full electronic copy on line. If you can make up for these deficiences I will be extremely grateful.

Where sources are marked 'not yet integrated' it means I have not yet carried the information they contain over to the Index and Individual Design pages.

Where pages are marked 'incomplete' it means that I have information that has not yet been added to these pages, in some cases a great deal of information.

All pages are subject to updating as new information becomes available.

 
Some Well-Known Designs
 
Pages about many more individual designs can be found further down this page.
 
 
The Paperfolding of Some Well-Known People
 
 
Index Pages
 
Top Level Index Pages
 
  Paper Books and Folding Pages     Multiple Sheet Designs     Designs Folded from Strips
                     
  Cut Designs (incomplete)     Pleated Designs     Uncut Designs
                     
  Crumpled Designs     Designs developed from Rolls / Scrolls and Coils      
 
Second Level Index Pages
 
  Active Play Designs     Inflatable Designs     How to Cook Food / Boil Water / Melt Tin etc in Paper Pans, Wrappings or Kettles
                     
  Constructing Angles by Folding Paper     Kusudama     Designs from Playing Cards
                     
  Cardboard Modelling / Cartonnage     How to Melt Lead in Paper / The Paper Furnace / Salamander Paper     Constructing Polygons by Folding Paper
                     
  Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle     Letterfolds     Constructing Polyhedra by Folding Paper
                     
  Fold, Cut and Fold Animals (incomplete)     Macromodular Designs     Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding
                     
  Fold and Cut Chevron Designs     Paperfolding Stunts, Entertainments and Magical Effects     Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
                     
  Fold and Cut Friezes (incomplete)     Paperfolding Mathematics     Paperfolding Puzzles
                     
  Flexagons     Modular Designs     Mathematical Paperfolding Puzzles
                     
  Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding     Fold and Cut Mon / Japanese Crests     Quilling / Paper Filigree
                     
  Single-Sheet Geometric Ornaments and Decorations (incomplete)     Napkin and Serviette Folding     Air / Breath Driven Rotating Designs
                     
  Paperfolding Games     Noise Making Designs     Paperfolding Science
                     
  Golden Venture / 3D Origami     Fold and One Cut Designs     Water Absorbing Designs
                     
        Paper Packets and Packaging (incomplete)      
 
Index Pages - Designs from Standard Bases / Basic Folds / Paper Shapes
 
  Designs from the Double Blintz Basic Form     Designs from the Preliminary Fold     Designs from the Bird Base
                     
  Designs from the Double Bookfold Basic Form     Designs from the Fish Base     Designs from the Pig Base
                     
  Designs from the Triple Blintz Basic Form     Designs from the Windmill Base     Designs from the House
                     
  Designs from the Waterbomb Base     Designs from the Blintzed Windmill Base      
 
Index Pages - Froebelian Paperfolding
 
 
Index Pages - Angles, Polygons, Polyhedra and other Mathematical Paperfolds
 
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some mathematical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
 
  Summing the Angles of a Triangle     Constructing Hexagrams (Stars of David) by Folding Paper (incomplete)     Cut and Fold Polyhedral Nets (incomplete)
                     
  Constructing 60 Degree Angles (incomplete)     Fold and One Cut Hexagrams (Stars of David)     Demonstrating / Proving Pythagoras' Theorem (incomplete)
                     
  Cubes     Octagrams (incomplete)     How to Obtain Squares from Rectangles (incomplete)
                     
  Constructing Hexagons by Folding Paper     Constructing Accurate Right Angles by Folding Paper     Dividing an Angle into Three Equal Parts
                     
  Fold and One Cut Hexagons     Patterns developed from the Windmill     Division into Thirds and Fifths (incomplete)
                     
               
 
Index Pages - Inanimate Objects
 
  Alphabets, Letters and Numbers     Japanese Folded Letters     Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
                     
  Paper Balls     Fold and Slit Paper Frills / Ruffles / Manchettes / Candle Decorations / Trees     Cut and Fold Polygonal Packets
                     
  Paper Bangers     Paper Garlands, Chains and Bands     Purses / Bags / Wallets / Card Holders (incomplete)
                     
  Baskets     Paper Hair Wrappings     Fold and Cut Shelf Edgings and Flowerpot Decorations
                     
  Boats     Hats and Caps     Space Vehicles
                     
  Bookmarks     Jewellery     Paper Spills /Alumettes / Paper Matches
                     
  Boxes, Bowls and Other Containers     Flyable Kites     Spools / Yarn Holders
                     
  2D Buildings and Structures     Kites (Non-Flying)     Symmetrical Inkblots / Klecksography / The Rorschach Test
                     
  3D Buildings and Structures     Japanese Knotted Letters     Tents
                     
  Card Castles / Houses of Cards / Chateaux de Cartes / Playing Card Skittles     Pleated Paper Lampshades     Fold and Slit Paper Tinsel / Tassles (incomplete)
                     
  Paper Cartridges     Lanterns     Tools and Household Equipment
                     
  Clothing and Personal Accessories     Metamorphoses / Harlequinades     Transport and Vehicles
                     
  Corporals     Musical Instruments (non-playing)     Ceremonial Wrappers / Tsutsumi
                     
  Fold and Cut Stove and Chair Covers     One Way Trays     Umbrellas and Parasols
                     
  Paper Darts and Flights     Paperclips     Valentines, Proposals and Love Tokens
                     
  Desk Furniture     Folded Patenbriefs / Sponsorship Letters     The Folding of Visiting / Calling Cards
                     
  Pleated Paper Fans     Japanese Folding Picture Forms     Write and Fold Games / Draw and Fold Games / Le Cadavre Exquis
                     
  Fold-Outs (incomplete)     Paper Pipes     Wall Mounted Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Furniture     Paper Pistols     Paper Wicks
                     
  Paper Filters     Paper Planes     Windmills
                     
  Paper Fire Lighters            
 
Index Pages - Living Things
 
  Bats     Fish     Mythical and Invented Creatures
                     
  Bears     Plants and Flowers (incomplete)     Octopii
                     
  Birds     Foxes     Peacocks
                     
  Bulls and Cows     Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles     Penguins
                     
  Butterflies     Giraffes     Pigs and Boars
                     
  Camels     Human Faces     Prehistoric Creatures
                     
  Cicadas     Human Figures (incomplete)     Rabbits and Hares
                     
  Crabs and Lobsters     Miscellaneous Insects     Miscellaneous Sealife
                     
  Crane and Tortoise Designs     Kangaroos     Seals / Sealions
                     
  Dogs     Lizards     Snails
                     
  Dragonflies     Mice and Rats     Spiders
                     
  Ducks and Swans     Monkeys and Apes     Turtles / Tortoises
                     
  Elephants            
 
Pages about Individual Designs
 

Closely connected designs may share the same page.

Some designs, mostly those which only occur once in the literature (or in multiple books by the same author) are not recorded separately in this section. You can, however, locate them through the Index Pages sections above.

 
  Abd-El-Krim     The Spanish Elephant     The Playing Card Cube
                     
  The Afghan Bands / Les Anneaux Mysterieuse     The Fifth Pig and similar propaganda fold-ins     The Playing Card Monk / Capuchin de Carte
                     
  The Air Force Cap     The Flapping Bird     Le Porte-Allumettes / La Violetera
                     
  The Basic Box     The Flapping Butterfly     The Postman's Hat
                     
  The Basket with Handle     The Flapping Dove     The Propellor / Helice
                     
  The Bed     The Flat Bottomed Boat     The Puff Ball
                     
  The Bellows     The Frame and the Picture Frame     The Puzzle Purse / Thread Container / Menko
                     
  The Bench and the Bench wth Arms     The Froebel Star / Moravian Star / German Star / Swedish Star / Paper Rosette     The Pyramidal Hat
                     
  The Blintz Box or Masu / The Winnowing Box     The Blow-Up Frog     The Rectangular Packet
                     
  The Blotting Paper Holder / Le Sous-Main Buvard     The Jumping Frog     Sake Bottle Covers and Decorations
                     
  The Blowpipe and Darts     The Walking Giraffe / Le Girafe Marchant     The Salt Cellar / The Pepperpot
                     
  The Blunt Ended Boat / Canoe     The Hexagonal Packet     The Inside Out Boat / The Sampan / The Rainy Day Sampan
                     
  The Paper Boat / Paper Boat Hat / Paper Boat Snapper           The Sanbo
                     
  The Boat with Fishbox           The Sanbo on Legs and its derivative designs
                     
  The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp     The Hibachi     The Scent Bottle
                     
  The Square Hat / Le Bonnet Carre     Horses and Riders / Ross und Reiter     The Sedan Chair / Kago / Palanquin
                     
  How to Cover a Book     The House     The Shanghai Star and Basket
                     
  The Pair of Boots     The Inkwell     The Ship
                     
        The Immovable Card      
                     
  The Box with Handles / La Boite a Anses     The Improvised Brassiere     The Ship's Wheel Magical Effect
                     
  The Buddha Papers and the Fold and Switch Effect     The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog     The Hat / The Shirt
                     
  The Blow-up Bunny     The Japanese Box / La Boite Japonaise     The Short Sleeved Shirt
                     
  The Butterchurn     The Jumping Bean     The Shovel
                     
  The Fold and Slit Cage, the Fold and Slit Fishing Net and the Fold and Slit Trellis     The Junk Box     The Snapdragon
                     
  The Cake Box     The Kabuto / Japanese Helmet / Samurai Helmet / Goldfish / Nagakabuto / The Party Hat     The Soldier's Cap / The Poke Bonnet
                     
  The Carrier Pigeon / Bird Flies Off Your Hand     The Kettle and the Open Top Box     The Solid Box
                     
  The Catherine of Cleves Box     The Kikuzara / The Japanese Ornamental Ball     The Sofa / Organ / Piano / Chair
                     
  The Chair     The King's Crown / The Battleship     The Sonobe Module
                     
  The Chameleon Game / Jeu Cameleonien     Le Kiosque Japonais     The Sou'wester / Gorro de Aguas
                     
  The Cherries Puzzle / The Three Pieces Puzzle / The Card Puzzle / The Liberty Bell     Komoso / Yakko-san     The Fat Sparrow
                     
  The Chickenwire Letterfold     The Fold and One Cut Ladder     The Slit and Assemble Cube and Sphere
                     
  The Gondola / Chinese Junk / Takarabune     The Large Box      
                     
  The Chinese Wallet / Jacob's Ladder            
                     
  The Chrysanthemum Box     The Fold and One Cut Latin Cross / Altar / Ticket to Heaven     The Square Letterfold
                     
  The Cigar Case     The Lily / Iris     The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
                     
  The Claw     The Lotus / Waterlily     The Stand / The Crib / The Seat
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (19th Century)     The Love Knot Letterfold     The Star of David from an Equilateral Triangle
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (20th Century)     The Lover's Knot     The Star-Shaped Box
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita in a Boat     The Magazine Cover Box     The Steamship / Well / Battleship
                     
  Big Coin Through Small Hole Magic Trick     The Magic Hat / Bonnet de Magicien / Bonnete de Magico     The Lazy Susan
                     
  The Collar            
                     
  The Paper Cone / Grocer's Cone     The Game of Paper, Scissors, Stone      
                     
  The Corner Cabinet / The Shelf (L'Etagere)     Fold and One Cut Maltese Cross / Iron Cross     The Swallow (paper plane)
                     
  The Cradle     The Mirror and the Looking Glass     The Table and the Tablecloth
                     
  The Paper Crane / Orizuru / Sadako Sasaki     The Mitre / Pencil Case / Doll / Turban     The Talking Fish
                     
  The Nesting Crane     The Mobius Band     The Tematebako
                     
  The Crane Envelope     The Cut and Fold Model Aeroplane     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
                     
  Le Cri du Veau / Trumpet / Flute     Le Moineau (The Sparrow)     The Three Scrolls
                     
  The Cross / The Double Cross     The Monster Fish     The Travel Bag
                     
  The Cross Star     The Muff     Troublewit
                     
  The Paper Cup     The Mushikago     The Trough
                     
  The Cup and Saucer / The Japanese House     The Newspaper Hat     The Turban
                     
  The Paper Dart / Arrow     The Newspaper Ladder     Turning a Bank Note Upside Down
                     
  The Paper Doily     The Newspaper Sword     The Vase / The Cravat
                     
  The Chain of Dolls     The Newspaper Tree     Verdi's Vase
                     
  The Donkey with Panniers     The Pagoda     La Voiture de Cartes
                     
  The Donkey Eared Dunces Hat     Ocho and Mecho Butterflies     The Wagon / El Carro
                     
  Don Simon     The Fold and Cut Paper Parachute     The Wall Pocket
                     
  The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat     The Patisserie Box     The Waterbomb / The Hot Air Balloon
                     
  Another Double Boat     16th Century Dutch Patriotic Pamphlets     The Wild Man From Borneo / Le Diablotin / El Gatito
                     
  The Double Boat with Sail     La Peniche / Le Bateau Ponte     The Windmill
                     
  The Double Boat with Two Sails     The Pentagonal Knot and the See-Through Pentagram     The Cut and Fold Windmill
                     
  The Double Fishbox / The Portfolio     The Fold and One Cut Pentagram / Five-pointed Star / Betsy Ross Star     The Wind Wheel
                     
  The Dove     Le Petit Papier / El Papelito     The Witch's Ladder / Devil's Staircase / Hexentrappe / Harmonika
                     
  The Drinking Bird     The Pig     The Workman's Hat ( aka the Carpenter's, Printer's or Pressman's Hat)
                     
  The Duck     The Pipe Cap / Bishop's Mitre / Bishop's Crown / Traditional Ingot     The Woven Basket
                     
  Dropping a Strip of Paper to Land on One Edge     The Plaited Belt     The Woven Cross
                     
        The Fold and Cut Paper Garland / How to Climb Through a Playing Card      
                     
               
 
Sources
 
A Note about the Nature of Paperfolding History

Other Sources Consulted / Searched

Undated Postcards / Undated Trade Cards / Undated Drawings, Prints and Paintings

 
Articles published in Selected Periodicals
 
 
Illustrations by Selected Artists
 
 
Books, Other Articles in Periodicals, and Survivals, in Chronological Order
 
Japanese books and books by Japanese authors are marked with pink squares.
 
  De Viribus Quantitatis by Luca Pacioli, 1502     The Boy's Own Book of Indoor Games and Recreations by G A Hutchinson, 1890     Papiro-Zoo: Manual Practico de Cocotologia by Giordano Lareo, 1941 (incomplete information)
                     
  Magiae Naturalis by Giambattista della Porta, 1584     Serviettes and How to Fold Them, 1890     After The Dessert by Martin Gardner, 1941
                     
  Trattato delle piegature by Mattia Giegher, 1629     Exercises Methodiques de Travaux Manuels au Moyen de Pliage de Papier Sans Outils Ni Instruments Adaptes a L'Enseignements des Ecoles Primaires, 1890 (incomplete information)     Paper Magic by U F Grant, 1941 (incomplete information)
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae by Daniel Schwenter, 1636     La Science Amusante by Tom Tit, 1890-1893     El Libro de Oro de Los Ninos, 1943 (incomplete information)
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 2 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1651     Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers by Maggie Browne, 1891     Origami Shuko by Isao Honda, 1944 (incomplete information)
                     
  Vollständiges und von neuem vermehrtes Trincir-Buch by Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, 1652     Bulletin de la Societe de Protection des Apprentis,1891     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia Superior by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 3 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1653     Our Little Kings and Queens at Home and at School by Lida Brooks Miller, 1891     Napkin Folds by Tom Osbourne, 1945
                     
  Trenchier-und Plicatur-Büchlein by Andreas Klett, 1657 (incomplete information)     Paper Folding and Cutting by Katherine M Ball, 1892     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1946
                     
  L'Escole parfaite des officiers de bouches, 1662 (incomplete)     How to Teach Paper-Folding and Cutting by Norma MacLeod, 1892      
                     
  A Perfect School of Instructions for the Officers of the Mouth by Giles Rose, 1682 (incomplete)     Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by Jully & Rocheron, 1892      
                     
  Aanhangzel volmaakte Hollandsche keuken-meid by Jan Willem Claus van Laar, 1746     Articles in Journal des Instituteurs, 1892/3     Papirolas Escolares by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1947 (incomplete information)
                     
  Onna Chohoki, 1692 (and 1847)     Geometrical Exercises in Paperfolding by Tandalam Sundara Rao, 1893     Papiroflexia Elemental by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
                     
  Origata Tehon of Kikuchi Fujiwara no Takehide, 1697     Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica: Medios de Instruir by Vicente Castro Legua, 1893     The Art of Chinese Paperfolding by Maying Soong, 1948
                     
  Récréations mathématiques et physiques by Jacques Ozanam, 1723     L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel by M P Martin, 1893     Au Pays des Mains Agiles, 1949
                     
  Enganos a Ojos Vistas, Y Diversion de Trabajos by Pablo Minguet E Irol, 1733     Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices by Henriette Suzanne Brés, 1894     Occupons Nos Doigts by Raymond Richard, 1950
                     
  I Giochi Numerici Fatti Arcani by Giuseppe Antonio Alberti, 1747     Pour Amuser les Petits by Tom Tit, 1894     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1951 extended edition
                     
  Tresor des Jeux by Carlo Antonio, 1759     Pajaritologia by Senesio Delgado, 1894     Papiroflexia by Elias Gutierrez Gil, 1951 (incomplete information)
                     
  Die Zehenmal Hundert und Eine Kunst by Albrecht Ernst Friedrich von Crailsheim, 1762     L'Enseignement Manuel by Rene Leblanc, 1895     Una Hoja de Papel by Lorenzo Herrero, 1952
                     
  Hoketsuki by Sadatake Ise, 1764     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Elementaire - M E. Cazes, 1895     A Bibliography of Paper Folding by Gershon Legman, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Senbazuru Orikata, 1797     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Moyen - M E. Cazes, 1895     Article on the work of Yoshizawa in Asahi Graf, January 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Orikata Tehon Chushingura, 1797     Course in Paperfolding by Eleenore Heerwart, 1895 (in need of revision)     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine April to December, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Complet des Jeux de Société by Elisabeth Celnart, 1827     Der Kindergarten by A S Fischer, 1895     Atari Origami Geijuitsu by Akira Yoshizawa, 1954 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Boy's Own Book by William Clarke, 1828     Practical Suggestions for Kindergartners by Jeannette R Gregory, 1895     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Shufu no Tomo (Young Ladies’ Friend) magazine, 1954 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manual Completo de Juegos de Sociedad o Tertulia y la Prendas by Mariano de Rementería y Fica, 1831     The Republic of Childhood: Part 2 Froebel's Occupations by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith, 1896 (needs updating)     Paper Magic by Robert Harbin, 1956
                     
  The Girl's Own Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1833     Article about Troublewit in The Strand Magazine, 1896        
                     
  The Kan No Mado, 1845     Pliage et Decoupage du Papier by C Savineau, 1897 (incomplete information)     Origami Dokuhon by Akira Yoshizawa, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Juegos de los Ninos, 1847     Kindergarten Guide by Lois Bates, 1897     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Rapport sur une Nouvelle Methode de Geometrie Pratique de Martin Chatelain, 1849     Fröbel’s Theory and Practice by Eleonore Heerwart, 1897     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Penguin Book by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  A Practical Guide to the English Kinder Garten by Joh and Bertha Ronge, 1855     Travaux Recreatifs Pour les Enfants de 4 a 10 Ans by Marie Koenig, 1898     Origami: Book One by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Pratique des Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, by J-F Jacobs, 1859     Le Livre des Amusettes by Toto, 1899     Origami Zukan by Okimasa Uchiyama, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Boy's Own Toymaker by E Landells, 1859     L'Art de Plier les Serviettes de Table by Agnes Verboom, 1899     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Monkey Book by Isao Honda, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Girl's Own Toymaker by E Landells and Alice Landells, 1860     What Shall We Do Now? by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, 1900     Origami: Book Two by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Friedrich Froebel's Gesammelte Padogogische Schriften edited by Wichard Lange, 1861     Introduccion a la Ensenaza Practica del Sistema de Kindergarten by Ernesto Steiger, 1900     Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures Exhibition Catalogue, 1959 (not yet integrated)
                     
  Das Paradies der Kindheit by Lina Morgenstern, 1861     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1902     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Fuji Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  Kindergarten and Elementarklasse by August Kohler,1861 (incomplete information)     La Recreation en Famille by Tom Tit, 1903      
                     
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1862     La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, 1903     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Sakura Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 1 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo by Ezequiel Solana, 1904     Origami: Book Three by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 2 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Les Bon Jeudis by Tom Tit, 1906     How to Make Origami by Isao Honda, 1959
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 4 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, January 1907     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to origami: Bunny Book by Isao Honda. 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  Spielbuch fur Knaben by Hermann Wagner, 1864     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, February 1907     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine January to September, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  Every Little Boy's Book, 1864     Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, 1907 edition     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to Origami: Bow-Wow Book by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Spielbuch für Mädchen by Marie Leske, 1865     Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1907 edition     Paperfolding Fun by Robert Harbin, 1960
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1869     Les Petits Secrets Amusants by Alber-Graves, 1908 (incomplete information)     All About Origami by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1869     Handicraft Teaching Materials and Teaching Methods by Hideyoshi Okayama, 1909 (incomplete information)     Origami by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1872     Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs by H de Graffigny, 1909     Origami 2 by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Hanky Panky by W H Cremer, 1872     Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, 1910     The Art of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1961
                     
  The Popular Recreator, 1873     Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1910 edition     Origami Zoo: Animal Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
  Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel by Fanny and Charles Delon, 1873     Un recuerdo puro by Miguel de Unamuno, 1910     Origami Zoo: Bird Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
  Die Praxis Des Kindergartens by August Kohler,1873     Distractions Enfantines by Marie Koenig, 1910     Folding Paper Puppets by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1962
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1874 Edition     El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela by Félix Martí Alpera, 1914 (not yet integrated)     Papiroflexia Zoomorphica by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 2 Volumes, 1962
                     
  Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch by E Barth and W Niederley, 1876     Illustrated Paperfolding by Shaolie Gui, 1914 (incomplete information)     Living Origami Book 1 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cahier de Adele Tissot, 1876     Scientific Amusements by C G Knott, 1918      
                     
  Kindergarten Practice: Part II Froebel's Plane Surfaces by Mary Gurney, 1877     Paper Tricks by Will Goldston, 1919 (incomplete information)     Living Origami Book 2 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Tokyo Women's Normal School publication, 1878 (incomplete information)     Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1920     Party Lines by Robert Harbin, 1963
                     
  Yochien Ho Niju Yuki by Seki Shinzo, 1879     Houdini's Paper Magic, 1922     Secrets of Origami by Robert Harbin, 1963
                     
  Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, 1879     Unamuno, Venegas y la Cocotologia / La vida - La evolucion de la pajarita by Ramon Gomez de la Serna, 1922     Folding Paper Toys by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1963 (not yet integrated)
                     
  Les Récréations Scientifiques by Gaston Tissandier, 1880 to 1888     The Art of Paper Folding in Japan by Frederick Starr, 1922 (not yet integrated)     Tanoshii Origami (Joyful Origami) and Origami Ehon (Origami Picture Book) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1963
                     
  Un million de jeux et de plaisirs by T de Moulidars, 1880     More Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1923     The Best of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1964
                     
  The Boy's Own Book (Revised Edition), 1880     Joujoux en Papier by Tom Tit, 1924     Lampen Aus Papier by Brigitte Schussler, 1964
                     
  The Kindergarten Principle by Mary J Lyschinska, 1880     Papiergestaltung by Paul Engelhardt and Adolf Lillack, 1926 (incomplete information)     Noshi - Classic Origami in Japan by Isao Honda, 1964
                     
  Cassell's Book of Indoor Amusements, Card Games and Fireside Fun, 1881     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, 1927 (incomplete information)     Folding Paper Masks by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1965 (incomplete information)
                     
  Het Vlechten by Elise Van Calcar, 1881     Fun with Paper Folding by Murray and Rigney, 1928     The World of Origami by Isao Honda, 1965, unabridged version (incomplete information)
                     
  Part 2 of The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, 1882     Miguel de Unamuno - der Baskische Bildhauer by Edda Reinhardt, 1928     The Great International Airplane Book by Mander, Dippel and Gossage, 1967
                     
  Arrêté réglant l’organisation pédagogique et le plan d’études des écoles primaires publiques, Jules Ferry, 1882     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1928     Origami Dokuhon 1 (second edition) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1967
                     
  Popular Scientific Recreations, 1883     Article in Modern Mechanix magazine, 1929     Origami Folding Fun: Kangaroo Book by Isao Honda, 1967(incomplete information)
                     
  Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani by Giuseppe Pitri, 1883     Origami Part 1 by Isao Honda, 1931     Origami Folding Fun: Pony Book by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Pictorial Story in Llibre Vert III by Apeles Mestre, 1883     Origami Part 2 by Isao Honda, 1932 (incomplete information)     Origami Holiday by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Jeux et Jouet du Jeune Age by Gaston Tissandier, 1884     Winter Nights Entertainments by R M Abraham, 1932     Origami Festival by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Les Cocottes de Mon Grand-Pere by Alfred Delvau, 1884     Images A Plier by M R Chasles, 1932     How to Make and Fly Paper Airplanes by Captain Ralph S. Barnaby, 1968
                     
  Kindergarten Shoho by Iijima Hanjuro, 1885     Figuras de Papel, 1932 (incomplete information)     Teach Yourself Origami by Robert Harbin, 1968
                     
  Instruction pour l'Enseignement Manuel dans les Ecoles Primaires by G Salicis, 1885 (incomplete information)     Las Pajaritas de Papel de Unamuno, Article in Estampa magazine, 1932     Nihon no Kokoro Dento Origami (Heart of Japan, Traditional Origami) by Isao Honda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Exercises de Travaux Manuels de L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen, 1886/7     Diversions and Pastimes by R M Abraham, 1933     Modern Origami by James Minoru Sakoda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cours de Travail Manuel (Pour les Garcons) by A Planty, 1887     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1934 Revised Edition     More Origami by Robert Harbin, 1971
                     
  Enseignement du Travail Manuel a L'Ecole Primaire by Emile Faivre, 1887     Paper Toy Making by Margaret Campbell, 1937     Origami 3 by Robert Harbin, 1972
                     
  Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, 1886/7     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1938 (incomplete information)     Origami Step by Step by Robert Harbin, 1974
                     
  Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by M. Coste et J. Lapassade, 1887 (incomplete information)     Fun with Paper by Joseph Leeming, 1939 (incomplete information)     Utsukushii Origami (Beautiful Origami) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1974
                     
  Historia de Unas Pajaritas de Papel by Miguel de Unamuno, 1888     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1939     Have Fun with Origami by Robert Harbin, 1975
                     
  Royal Gifts for the Kindergarten by Frances Post Van Norstrand and Alice H Putnam, 1888     Papirolas - Doblado y Plegado by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1939 (incomplete information)     Origami 4 by Robert Harbin, 1977
                     
  L'Enseignement Manuel et Expérimental by Rene Leblanc, 1888-1891 (incomplete information)     Papirolas - Pajaritalogia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1940 (incomplete information)     Meditations on a Waterbomb by Kenneth M Kawamura, 1977 (not yet integrated)
                     
  La Science Pratique by Gaston Tissandier, 1889     At Home Tonight by Herbert McKay, 1940      
                     
  Jeux et Travaux Enfantins: Le Monde en Papier by Marie Koenig and Albert Durand, 1889 (incomplete information)     El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, 1940      
                     
  Scientific Amusements by Henry Frith, 1890