Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell


The Public Paperfolding History Project

The 1885 engraving of the Flapping Bird

  Information about the history of paperfolding found on the internet, and, indeed, in many older published sources, is often based more on myth and imagination than on fact and scholarship. The Public Paperfolding History Project aims to collect information from verifiable historical sources from which a more reliable narrative of the development of paperfolding as a whole, and of individual paperfolding styles and designs, can be shaped, and to make it publicly available for everyone to study and enjoy.

Objects made of paper are ephemeral and the record we have of them at an early date relies largely on their chance survival or their mention or appearance in poetry, books, fabrics, drawings and paintings. It is likely that many practical and recreational paperfolds are much older than the earliest evidence for their existence. Unfortunately, of course, we cannot know, even approximately, how much older they might actually be.

It is my intention to eventually include information up to 1972 in these pages. After that date designs proliferate so fast that it would be impossible to record them all. For me, at least.

The information in this section is drawn from texts in Japanese, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, English and several other languages. I am only fluent in English and rely on on-line translation tools for assistance. This will necessarily mean that I have made mistakes. If you find any errors or inaccuracies in these pages, or are aware of additional information, particularly early information, that I do not know of, or may have overlooked, please let me know.

I would particularly like to acknowledge the assistance of Juan Gimeno, Michel Grand, Masatsugu Tsutsumi, Edwin Corrie, Jaume Coll Guerrero, Koshiro Hatori, Joan Sallas, Laura Rosenberg and Coral Roma, who have kindly provided information and pointed out mistakes. All the remaining errors are, of course, my own. It goes without saying that the late David Lister's writings on paperfolding history have also been invaluable.

A Chronology of Paperfolding History
How to find information on this page
The first two sections below provide links to pages about Some Well-Known Designs and Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People and their connection to paperfolding. Looking through a few of these may, I hope, encourage you to dig in a little deeper.

The following four sections provide indexes to various broad categories of designs and paperfolding techniques, although, in many cases material from the main sources has not yet been fully carried over. While this means that you cannot (yet) necessarily rely on them for a historical narrative of the topic they cover, you can still use them to find out what designs in that particular category have a page of their own and to locate many designs which do not (yet) merit an individual page.

The next section is probably the one that you will want to use the most. It provides pages about Individual Designs, including all the best known 'traditional' designs (and some that you may never have heard of before). Designs tend to have different names in different books, at different times and, of course, in different languages. To simplify this situation I have given each of the designs that have an Individual Design Page a standard name. Usually this name is in English, but sometimes it is in another language. These standard names are used in the headings in the Index Pages and in the main body of the Source Pages (see below), where they appear in bold. This should, hopefully, help you find the Individual Design Page for the design you are looking for. If you cannot find a classic or 'traditional' design in these pages please feel free to contact me.

If you want information about, for instance, the history of paper planes in general, you can find this in the Index Pages - Inanimate Objects section. If you want to look up the history of one particularly paper plane, say the Paper Dart or the Swallow, the standard names for these two designs, you can find this in the section about Individual Designs. Individual Designs generally only have their own pages if they occur regularly in the literature. Details of designs that only appear once or twice may not have their own page but information about them will appear in the Index Pages.

Below this are other sections that provide links to areas of special interest such as Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding, Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles and Paperfolding as Political Propaganda.

Finally, right at the foot of this page, there is a section about Sources, which provides information about many of the historical documents on which the other pages are based, and, in many cases, provides a link to a full online version of the document the information is drawn from. If you know of any other significant sources of information that I have overlooked please let me know.

Where sources are shown but are not yet linked to pages it means I have information on what they contain but have not yet found time to add the information here.

Where sources are marked 'incomplete information' it means I have not yet been able to obtain a full print copy or find a full electronic copy on line. If you can make up for these deficiences I will be extremely grateful.

Where sources are marked 'not yet integrated' it means I have not yet carried the information they contain over to the Index and Individual Design pages.

Where pages are marked 'incomplete' it means that I have information that has not yet been added to these pages, in some cases a great deal of information, and that consequently they should not , at present, be relied upon as the basis for a reliable historical narrative.

All pages are subject to updating as new information becomes available.

Some Well-Known Designs
Pages about many more individual designs can be found further down this page.
Paperfolding and Some Well-Known People
Top Level Index Pages
  Cut and Fold Designs     Macromodular Designs     Quilling / Paper Filigree
  Fold and Cut Designs     Modular Designs     Designs made from Paper Strips
  Designs made from Crumpled Paper     Napkin and Serviette Folding      
  Golden Venture / 3D Origami     Designs made from Pleated Paper      
Second Level Index Pages
  Active Play Designs     Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding     Designs from Playing Cards
  Designs developed from the Double Bookfold Basic Form     Simple Froebelian Folds of Life (incomplete)     Uni-directional Pleated Designs
  Cardboard Modelling / Cartonnage     Froebelian Folds of Life from the Double Blintz Basic Form     Bi-Directional Pleated Designs
  Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle     Froebelian Folds of Life from the the Blintzed Windmill Base     Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
  Fold, Cut and Fold Designs (incomplete)     Paperfolding Games     Paperfolding Puzzles
  Fold and One Cut Designs     Single-Sheet Geometric Ornaments and Decorations (incomplete)     Designs developed from Rolls of Paper
  Fold and Cut Friezes (incomplete)     Designs developed from the House     Air / Breath Driven Rotating Designs
  Fold, Cut and Fold Chevron Designs     Inflatable Designs     Paperfolding Science
  Geometric Fold and Cut Designs from Hexagons with 6-fold Symmetry     Letterfolds     Flat Laid Figures from Paper Strips (incomplete)
  Geometric Fold and Cut Designs from Squares with 4-fold Symmetry (incomplete)     Magical Effects and Entertainments (incomplete)     Woven Designs from Paper Strips (incomplete)
  Geometric Fold and Cut Designs from Squares with 8-fold Symmetry (incomplete)     Paperfolding Mathematics     Zigzag Designs from Paper Strips
  Geometric Fold and Cut Designs from Squares with 16-fold Symmetry (incomplete)     Designs developed from the Pig Base     Designs developed from the Triple Blintz Basic Form
  Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding     Noise Making Designs     Water Absorbing Designs
  Flexagons           Designs developed from the Windmill Base
Index Pages - Inanimate Objects
  Alphabets, Letters and Numbers     Furniture     Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
  Paper Balls     Hats and Caps     Cut and Fold Polygonal Purses
  Paper Bangers     Jewellery     Purses / Bags / Wallets / Card Holders (incomplete)
  Baskets     Flyable Kites     Space Vehicles
  Boats     Kites (Non-Flying)     Spools / Yarn Holders
  Bookmarks     Lanterns     Tents
  Boxes, Bowls and Other Containers     Musical Instruments (non-playing)     Tools and Household Equipment
  2D Buildings and Structures     Japanese Folding Picture Forms     Transport and Vehicles
  3D Buildings and Structures     Paper Pipes     Umbrellas and Parasols
  Clothing and Personal Accessories     Paper Pistols     Wall Mounted Designs (incomplete)
  Paper Darts and Flights     Paper Planes     Windmills
  Desk Furniture            
Index Pages - Patterns, Flat Shapes and Polyhedra
  Cubes     Patterns from the Equilateral Triangle     Patterns from Squares (incomplete)
  Stars of David (incomplete)     Patterns from Hexagons (incomplete)     Patterns developed from the Windmill
  Octagrams (incomplete)     Patterns from Pentagons     How to Obtain Squares from Rectangles (incomplete)
Index Pages - Living Things
  Bats     Fish     Mythical and Invented Creatures
  Bears     Plants and Flowers (incomplete)     Octopii
  Birds     Foxes     Peacocks
  Bulls and Cows     Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles     Penguins
  Butterflies     Giraffes     Pigs and Boars
  Camels     Human Faces     Prehistoric Creatures
  Cicadas     Human Figures (incomplete)     Rabbits and Hares
  Crabs and Lobsters     Miscellaneous Insects     Miscellaneous Sealife
  Crane and Tortoise Designs     Kangaroos     Seals / Sealions
  Dogs     Lizards     Snails
  Dragonflies     Mice and Rats     Spiders
  Ducks and Swans     Monkeys and Apes     Turtles / Tortoises
Pages about Individual Designs

Closely connected designs may share the same page.

Some designs, mostly those which only occur once in the literature (or in multiple books by the same author) are not recorded separately in this section. You can, however, find them through the Index Pages sections above.

  Abd-El-Krim     The Flapping Butterfly     The Pipe Cap / Bishop's Mitre / Bishop's Crown / Traditional Ingot
  The Afghan Bands / Les Anneaux Mysterieuse     The Flapping Dove     The Plaited Belt
  The Air Force Cap     The Flat Bottomed Boat     The Playing Card Cube
  The Basic Box           The Playing Card Monk / Capuchin de Carte
  The Bellows     The Frame and the Picture Frame     Le Porte-Allumettes / La Violetera
  The Bench and the Bench wth Arms     The Froebel Star / Moravian Star / German Star / Swedish Star / Paper Rosette     The Propellor / Helice
  The Blintz Box or Masu / The Winnowing Box     The Blow-Up Frog     The Puff Ball
  The Blotting Paper Holder / Le Sous-Main Buvard     The Jumping Frog     The Puzzle Purse / Pinwheel / Thread Container / Menko
  The Blowpipe and Darts     The Fold and Cut Paper Garland / How to Climb Through a Playing Card     The Pyramidal Hat
  The Blunt Ended Boat / Canoe     The Walking Giraffe / Le Girafe Marchant     The Salt Cellar / The Pepperpot
  The Paper Boat / Paper Boat Hat / Paper Boat Snapper     Fold and One Cut Hexagons     The Inside Out Boat / The Sampan / The Rainy Day Sampan
  The Boat with Fishbox     Fold and One Cut Hexagrams (Stars of David)     The Sanbo
  The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp     The Hibachi     The Sanbo on Legs and its derivative designs
  The Square Hat / Le Bonnet Carre     Horses and Riders     The Scent Bottle
  The Pair of Boots           The Sedan Chair / Kago / Palanquin
  The Box with Handles / La Boite a Anses     The House     The Shanghai Star and Basket
  The Blow-up Bunny           The Ship
  The Fold and Slit Cage, the Fold and Slit Fishing Net and the Fold and Slit Trellis     The Inkwell     The Hat / The Shirt
        The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog     The Short Sleeved Shirt
  The Cake Box     The Jumping Bean     The Shovel
  The Carrier Pigeon / Bird Flies Off Your Hand     The Junk Box     The Snapdragon
  The Catherine of Cleves Box     The Kabuto / Japanese Helmet / Samurai Helmet / Goldfish / Nagakabuto / The Party Hat     The Soldier's Cap / The Poke Bonnet
  The Chair     The Kettle and the Open Top Box     The Solid Box
  The Chrysanthemum Box     The Kikuzara / The Japanese Ornamental Ball     The Sofa / Organ / Piano / Chair
  The Chickenwire Letterfold     The King's Crown / The Battleship     The Sonobe Module
  The Gondola / Chinese Junk / Takarabune     Le Kiosque Japonais     The Sou'wester / Gorro de Aguas
  The Cigar Case     Komoso / Yakko-san     The Fat Sparrow
  The Claw           The Slit and Assemble Cube and Sphere
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (19th Century)     The Fold and One Cut Ladder     The Square Letterfold
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (20th Century)     The Large Box     The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
  The Cocotte / Pajarita in a Boat     The Fold and One Cut Latin Cross / Altar / Ticket to Heaven     The Stand / The Crib / The Seat
  The Collar     The Lily / Iris     The Star of David from an Equilateral Triangle
  The Corner Cabinet / The Shelf (L'Etagere)     The Lotus / Waterlily     The Star-Shaped Box
  The Cradle     The Love Knot Letterfold     The Steamship / Well / Battleship
  The Paper Crane / Orizuru / Sadako Sasaki     The Lover's Knot     The Lazy Susan
  The Nesting Crane     The Magazine Cover Box     The Swallow (paper plane)
  The Crane Envelope     The Magic Hat / Bonnet de Magicien / Bonnete de Magico     The Table and the Tablecloth
  Le Cri du Veau / Trumpet / Flute     Fold and One Cut Maltese Cross / Iron Cross     The Talking Fish
  The Cross / The Double Cross     The Mirror and the Looking Glass     The Tematebako
  The Cross Star     The Mitre / Pencil Case / Doll / Turban     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
  The Paper Cup     The Mobius Band     The Three Scrolls
  The Cup and Saucer / The Japanese House     The Cut and Fold Model Aeroplane     The Travel Bag
  The Paper Dart / Arrow     Le Moineau (The Sparrow)     The Trough
  The Paper Doily     The Monster Fish     The Vase / The Cravat
  The Chain of Dolls     The Muff     Verdi's Vase
  The Donkey with Panniers     The Mushikago     The Wagon / El Carro
  Don Simon     The Newspaper Hat     The Waterbomb / The Hot Air Balloon
  The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat     The Newspaper Ladder     The Wild Man From Borneo / Le Diablotin / El Gatito
  Another Double Boat     The Newspaper Tree     The Windmill
  The Double Boat with Sail     The Pagoda     The Cut and Fold Windmill
  The Double Boat with Two Sails     The Fold and Cut Paper Parachute     The Wind Wheel
  The Double Fishbox / The Portfolio     The Patisserie Box     The Witch's Ladder / Devil's Staircase / Hexentrappe / Harmonika
  The Dove     La Peniche / Le Bateau Ponte     The Workman's Hat ( aka the Carpenter's, Printer's or Pressman's Hat)
  The Drinking Bird     The Pentagonal Knot and the See-Through Pentagram     The Woven Basket
  The Duck     The Fold and One Cut Pentagram / Five-pointed Star / Betsy Ross Star     The Woven Cross
  The Spanish Elephant     The Pig      
  The Flapping Bird            
Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding
  Ceremonial Wrappers / Tsutsumi     Folded Patenbriefs / Sponsorship Letters     The Folding of Visiting / Calling Cards
  Corporals     The Floral Sake Container Cover      
  Ocho and Mecho Butterflies     Valentines, Proposals and Love Tokens      
Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some practical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
  Books     Paper Filters      
  How to Cover a Book     Paper Fire Lighters     Paperclips
  Paper Cartridges     Fold-Outs (incomplete)     Paper Packets and Packaging (incomplete)
  Paper Bands, Chains and Garlands     Fold and Slit Paper Frills / Ruffles / Manchettes / Candle Decorations / Trees     The Rectangular Packet
  Paper Cones / Grocer's Cones     Paper Hair Wrappings     Fold and Cut Shelf Edgings and Flowerpot Decorations
  Fold and Cut Stove and Chair Covers     Harlequinades / Metamorphoses / Flap-Books / Turn-up Books     Paper Spills /Alumettes / Paper Matches
  Paper Dunce's Hats and Donkey Ears     The Hexagonal Packet     The Square Packet
  Pleated Paper Fans     Pleated Paper Lampshades     Fold and Slit Paper Tinsel / Tassles (incomplete)
              Paper Wicks
Themes and Ideas
  Opportunities for Interfusion between East and West     The Concept of Pure Origami     Strands of Paperfolding in Western Europe and the USA
Paperfolding Games and Manipulative Puzzles
Paperfolding Entertainments and Magical Effects
Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
Paperfolding Mathematics
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some mathematical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Timeline.
Paperfolding Science
Paperfolding in Specific Publications
The Design Work of Individual Paperfolders
  Giuseppe Baggi     Robert Harbin     Miguel de Unamuno
  Alfred Bestall     Robert E Neale (incomplete)      
A Note about the Nature of Paperfolding History

Other Sources Consulted / Searched

Undated Postcards / Undated Trade Cards / Undated Drawings, Prints and Paintings

Japanese books and books by Japanese authors are marked with pink squares.
  De Viribus Quantitatis by Luca Pacioli, 1502     Scientific Amusements by Henry Frith, 1890     Paper Magic by U F Grant, 1941 (incomplete information)
  Magiae Naturalis by Giambattista della Porta, 1584     The Boy's Own Book of Indoor Games and Recreations by G A Hutchinson, 1890     El Libro de Oro de Los Ninos, 1943 (incomplete information)
  Trattato delle piegature by Mattia Giegher, 1629     Serviettes and How to Fold Them, 1890     Origami Shuko by Isao Honda, 1944 (incomplete information)
  Deliciae physico mathematicae by Daniel Schwenter, 1636     Exercises Methodiques de Travaux Manuels au Moyen de Pliage de Papier Sans Outils Ni Instruments Adaptes a L'Enseignements des Ecoles Primaires, 1890 (incomplete information)     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia Superior by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 2 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1651     La Science Amusante by Tom Tit, 1890-1893     Napkin Folds by Tom Osbourne, 1945
  Vollständiges und von neuem vermehrtes Trincir-Buch by Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, 1652     Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers by Maggie Browne, 1891     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1946
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 3 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1653     Bulletin de la Societe de Protection des Apprentis,1891     Papirolas Escolares by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1947 (incomplete information)
  Trenchier-und Plicatur-Büchlein by Andreas Klett, 1657 (incomplete information)     The Kindergarten by Lida Brooks Miller, 1891     Papiroflexia Elemental by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
  Aanhangzel volmaakte Hollandsche keuken-meid by Jan Willem Claus van Laar, 1746     Paper Folding and Cutting by Katherine M Ball, 1892     The Art of Chinese Paperfolding by Maying Soong, 1948
  Onna Chohoki, 1692 (and 1847)     How to Teach Paper-Folding and Cutting by Norma MacLeod, 1892     Au Pays des Mains Agiles, 1949
  Origata Tehon of Kikuchi Fujiwara no Takehide, 1697     Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by Jully & Rocheron, 1892     Occupons Nos Doigts by Raymond Richard, 1950
  Récréations mathématiques et physiques by Jacques Ozanam, 1723     Geometrical Exercises in Paperfolding by Tandalam Sundara Rao, 1893     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1951 extended edition
  Enganos a Ojos Vistas, Y Diversion de Trabajos by Pablo Minguet E Irol, 1733     Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica: Medios de Instruir by Vicente Castro Legua, 1893     Papiroflexia by Elias Gutierrez Gil, 1951 (incomplete information)
  I Giochi Numerici Fatti Arcani by Giuseppe Antonio Alberti, 1747     L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel by M P Martin, 1893     Una Hoja de Papel by Lorenzo Herrero, 1952
  Tresor des Jeux by Carlo Antonio, 1759     Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices by Henriette Suzanne Brés, 1894 (not yet integrated)     A Bibliography of Paper Folding by Gershon Legman, 1952 (incomplete information)
  Die Zehenmal Hundert und Eine Kunst by Albrecht Ernst Friedrich von Crailsheim, 1762     Pour Amuser les Petits by Tom Tit, 1894     Article on the work of Yoshizawa in Asahi Graf, January 1952 (incomplete information)
  Hoketsuki by Sadatake Ise, 1764     Pajaritologia by Senesio Delgado, 1894     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine April to December, 1952 (incomplete information)
  The Senbazuru Orikata, 1797     L'Enseignement Manuel by Rene Leblanc, 1895     Atari Origami Geijuitsu by Akira Yoshizawa, 1954 (incomplete information)
  Orikata Tehon Chushingura, 1797     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Elementaire - M E. Cazes, 1895 (incomplete information)     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Shufu no Tomo (Young Ladies’ Friend) magazine, 1954
  Manuel Complet des Jeux de Société by Elisabeth Celnart, 1827     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Moyen - M E. Cazes, 1895     Paper Magic by Robert Harbin, 1956
  The Boy's Own Book by William Clarke, 1828     Course in Paperfolding by Eleenore Heerwart, 1895     Origami Dokuhon by Akira Yoshizawa, 1957 (incomplete information)
  Manual Completo de Juegos de Sociedad o Tertulia y la Prendas by Mariano de Rementería y Fica, 1831     Der Kindergarten by A S Fischer, 1895     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
  The Girl's Own Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1833     The Republic of Childhood: Part 2 Froebel's Occupations by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith, 1896 (needs updating)     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Penguin Book by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
  The Kan No Mado, 1845     Article about Troublewit in The Strand Magazine, 1896     Origami: Book One by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
  Juegos de los Ninos, 1847     Pliage et Decoupage du Papier by C Savineau, 1897 (incomplete information)     Origami Zukan by Okimasa Uchiyama, 1958 (incomplete information)
  A Practical Guide to the English Kinder Garten by Joh and Bertha Ronge, 1855     Kindergarten Guide by Lois Bates, 1897     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Monkey Book by Isao Honda, 1958 (incomplete information)
  Manuel Pratique des Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, by J-F Jacobs, 1859     Fröbel’s Theory and Practice by Eleonore Heerwart, 1897     Origami: Book Two by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
  The Boy's Own Toymaker by E Landells, 1859     Le Livre des Amusettes by Toto, 1899     Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures Exhibition Catalogue, 1959 (not yet integrated)
  The Girl's Own Toymaker by E Landells and Alice Landells, 1860     L'Art de Plier les Serviettes de Table by Agnes Verboom, 1899     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Fuji Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
  Friedrich Froebel's Gesammelte Padogogische Schriften edited by Wichard Lange, 1861     What Shall We Do Now? by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, 1900     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Sakura Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
  Das Paradies der Kindheit by Lina Morgenstern, 1861 (not yet integrated)     Introduccion a la Ensenaza Practica del Sistema de Kindergarten by Ernesto Steiger, 1900     Origami: Book Three by Florence Sakade, 1957 (incomplete information)
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1862     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1902     How to Make Origami by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 1 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     La Recreation en Famille by Tom Tit, 1903     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to origami: Bunny Book by Isao Honda. 1959 (incomplete information)
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 2 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, 1903     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine January to September, 1959 (incomplete information)
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 4 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo by Ezequiel Solana, 1904     Asahi Origami Club: Pocket Guide to Origami: Bow-Wow Book by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
  Spielbuch fur Knaben by Hermann Wagner, 1864     Les Bon Jeudis by Tom Tit, 1906     Paperfolding Fun by Robert Harbin, 1960
  Every Little Boy's Book, 1864     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, January 1907     All About Origami by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
  Spielbuch für Mädchen by Marie Leske, 1865     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, February 1907     Origami by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1869 (not yet integrated)     Les Petits Secrets Amusants by Alber-Graves, 1908 (incomplete information)     Origami 2 by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
  Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1869 (not yet integrated)     Handicraft Teaching Materials and Teaching Methods by Hideyoshi Okayama, 1909 (incomplete information)     The Art of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1961
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1872 (not yet integrated)     Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs by H de Graffigny, 1909 (not yet integrated)     Origami Zoo: Animal Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
  Hanky Panky by W H Cremer, 1872     Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, 1910     Origami Zoo: Bird Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
  The Popular Recreator, 1873     Un recuerdo puro by Miguel de Unamuno, 1910     Folding Paper Puppets by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1962
  Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel by Fanny and Charles Delon, 1873     Distractions Enfantines by Marie Koenig, 1910     Papiroflexia Zoomorphica by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 2 Volumes, 1962
  Die Praxis Des Kindergartens by August Kohler,1873     El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela by Félix Martí Alpera, 1914 (not yet integrated)     Living Origami Book 1 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1874 Edition (needs updating)     Illustrated Paperfolding by Shaolie Gui, 1914 (incomplete information)     Living Origami Book 2 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
  Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch by E Barth and W Niederley, 1876     Scientific Amusements by C G Knott, 1918      
  Kindergarten Practice: Part II Froebel's Plane Surfaces by Mary Gurney, 1877     Paper Tricks by Will Goldston, 1919 (incomplete information)      
  Tokyo Women's Normal School publication, 1878 (incomplete information)     Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1920     Party Lines by Robert Harbin, 1963
  Yochien Ho Niju Yuki by Seki Shinzo, 1879     Houdini's Paper Magic, 1922     Secrets of Origami by Robert Harbin, 1963
  Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, 1879     Unamuno, Venegas y la Cocotologia / La vida - La evolucion de la pajarita by Ramon Gomez de la Serna, 1922     Folding Paper Toys by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1963 (not yet integrated)
  Les Récréations Scientifiques by Gaston Tissandier, 1880 to 1888     More Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1923     Tanoshii Origami (Joyful Origami) and Origami Ehon (Origami Picture Book) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1963
  Un million de jeux et de plaisirs by T de Moulidars, 1880     Joujoux en Papier by Tom Tit, 1924     The Best of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1964
  The Boy's Own Book (Revised Edition), 1880     Papiergestaltung by Paul Engelhardt and Adolf Lillack, 1926 (incomplete information)     Lampen Aus Papier by Brigitte Schussler, 1964
  The Kindergarten Principle by Mary J Lyschinska, 1880     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, 1927 (incomplete information)     Noshi - Classic Origami in Japan by Isao Honda, 1964
  Cassell's Book of Indoor Amusements, Card Games and Fireside Fun, 1881     Fun with Paper Folding by Murray and Rigney, 1928     Folding Paper Masks by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1965 (incomplete information)
  Het Vlechten by Elise Van Calcar, 1881     Miguel de Unamuno - der Baskische Bildhauer by Edda Reinhardt, 1928     The World of Origami by Isao Honda, 1965, unabridged version (incomplete information)
  Part 2 of The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, 1882 (needs updating)     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1928     The Great International Airplane Book by Mander, Dippel and Gossage, 1967
  Arrêté réglant l’organisation pédagogique et le plan d’études des écoles primaires publiques, Jules Ferry, 1882     Article in Modern Mechanix magazine, 1929     Origami Dokuhon 1 (second edition) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1967
  Popular Scientific Recreations, 1883     Origami Part 1 by Isao Honda, 1931     Origami Folding Fun: Kangaroo Book by Isao Honda, 1967(incomplete information)
  Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani by Giuseppe Pitri, 1883     Origami Part 2 by Isao Honda, 1932 (incomplete information)     Origami Folding Fun: Pony Book by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
  Pictorial Story in Llibre Vert III by Apeles Mestre, 1883     Winter Nights Entertainments by R M Abraham, 1932     Origami Holiday by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
  Jeux et Jouet du Jeune Age by Gaston Tissandier, 1884     Images A Plier by M R Chasles, 1932     Origami Festival by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
  Les Cocottes de Mon Grand-Pere by Alfred Delvau, 1884     Figuras de Papel, 1932 (incomplete information)     How to Make and Fly Paper Airplanes by Captain Ralph S. Barnaby, 1968
  Kindergarten Shoho by Iijima Hanjuro, 1885     Las Pajaritas de Papel de Unamuno, Article in Estampa magazine, 1932     Teach Yourself Origami by Robert Harbin, 1968
  Instruction pour l'Enseignement Manuel dans les Ecoles Primaires by G Salicis, 1885 (incomplete information)     Diversions and Pastimes by R M Abraham, 1933     Nihon no Kokoro Dento Origami (Heart of Japan, Traditional Origami) by Isao Honda, 1969 (incomplete information)
  Exercises de Travaux Manuels de L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen, 1886/7     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1934 Revised Edition     Modern Origami by James Minoru Sakoda, 1969 (incomplete information)
  Cours de Travail Manuel (Pour les Garcons) by A Planty, 1887     Paper Toy Making by Margaret Campbell, 1937     More Origami by Robert Harbin, 1971
  Enseignement du Travail Manuel a L'Ecole Primaire by Emile Faivre, 1887     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1938 (incomplete information)     Origami 3 by Robert Harbin, 1972
  Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, 1886/7 (not yet integrated)     Fun with Paper by Joseph Leeming, 1939 (incomplete information)     Origami Step by Step by Robert Harbin, 1974
  Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by M. Coste et J. Lapassade, 1887 (incomplete information)     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1939     Utsukushii Origami (Beautiful Origami) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1974
  Historia de Unas Pajaritas de Papel by Miguel de Unamuno, 1888     Papirolas - Doblado y Plegado by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1939 (incomplete information)     Have Fun with Origami by Robert Harbin, 1975
  Royal Gifts for the Kindergarten by Frances Post Van Norstrand and Alice H Putnam, 1888     Papirolas - Pajaritalogia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1940 (incomplete information)     Origami 4 by Robert Harbin, 1977
  L'Enseignement Manuel et Expérimental by Rene Leblanc, 1888-1891 (incomplete information)     At Home Tonight by Herbert McKay, 1940     Meditations on a Waterbomb by Kenneth M Kawamura, 1977 (not yet integrated)
  La Science Pratique by Gaston Tissandier, 1889     El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, 1940      
  Jeux et Travaux Enfantins: Le Monde en Papier by Marie Koenig and Albert Durand, 1889 (incomplete information)     Papiro-Zoo: Manual Practico de Cocotologia by Giordano Lareo, 1941 (incomplete information)      
        After The Dessert by Martin Gardner, 1941