Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

x

 
The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus
 
'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus was published by E. Steiger and Company in New York during the period 1877 to 1882.

The material dealing with the gifts was first published in five separate volumes between 1877 and 1880 then consolidated into a single volume, which we now know as Part 1, in 1881. Part 2, dealing with the occupations, was probably first published in 1882. My thanks to Joan Sallas for this information.

An 1892 edition of Part 2 can be accessed at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=iau.31858020073338;view=1up;seq=5;size=75. My thanks to Michel Grand for this link.

I have not been able to access a full copy of the original 1882 edition but I believe that it is unlikely that there are any substantive differences between the two.

Part 2 contains several chapters which include paperfolding material:

**********

The Fifth Occupation: Paper-Interlacing

Paper-Interlacing makes use of long strips of paper which are folded by being rolled or creased, or both, to facilitate a wide variety of activities.

Shapes made by gluing together paper cylinders

**********

The Horn (The Newspaper Sword)

Designs made by squashing similar drawn out spirals

**********

Fairy Steps (The Witch's Ladder)

**********

Stars (The Froebel Star)

**********

Paper Interlacing proper

Strips folded into thirds to increase their strength (and enable them to be joined together into longer strips without the use of glue) are used to a create wide variety of geometrical forms.

**********

The Sixth Occupation: Mat-Weaving

Closed Weaving

(This term is not used in the book)

Closed Weaving begins by folding a sheet of paper in half and cutting a number of parallel slits in the folded edge. When opened out the paper strips between the slits form the warp of the mat. Paper strips, acting as the weft, are woven across and between the warp to produce patterned mats.

**********

Free Weaving

Several different kinds of Free Weaving are explained.

Using two or more strips which are folded back on themselves repeatedly as they are interwoven

Using many strips which are folded once, in half, then interwoven

Using cuts to create chevrons which are then folded back on themselves

**********

The Seventh Occupation - Paper Folding

This chapter contains a long introduction and instructions for making various Forms of Life, Forms of Symmetry (ie Forms of Beauty) and Forms of Knowledge starting from squares, oblongs and equilateral triangles.

It is noteworthy that the Folds from Oblongs section is introduced with the comment 'The oblong is also used for paper-folding. Most of the Forms of Life derived from it were known before the days of our grandfathers.'

Not all the designs explained or pictured in part two of 'The Kindergarten Guide' are currently shown on this page.

Identical designs often appear in different books under different names. In order to make it easier to track the history of these designs I have given them standard names. Where I have settled on a standard name for a particular design this standard name is shown above the picture of the design in bold type.

First Series:

The Book / Tent / Tunnel / Roof

(Simply a square of paper folded in half edge to edge)

**********

The Window

(Simply a square folded in half edge to edge, then unfolded, in both directions.)

**********

The Table

**********

Trough for a Horse

**********

The Singing Book

**********

The Footstall or Bench

**********

At this point there is a note that this form can be further developed into a Square Bottle, a Pocketbook and a Schoolbag, but there are no accompanying illustrations to show what these forms are.

**********

The Trough or Manger

(A preparatory design for the pig.)

**********

The Pig

**********

The House

**********

The Sofa (The Organ)

**********

Second Series:

The Mountain

(Simple a square folded diagonally in half.)

**********

The Shawl

(not illustrated)

**********

The Cow Catcher

**********

The Moth or Butterfly

**********

The Sunshade

**********

The Soldier's Cap

**********

The Spool or Yarn Winder

***********

The Balloon or Snowball (The Waterbomb)

**********

The Arrow (The Paper Dart)

**********

The Bellows

(Illustrated, but not named, with the comment 'Various kinds of 'balloons' can also be made.')

**********

Third Series:

The Union Jack

**********

The Boat

**********

The Flag

**********

An Open Envelope

(The open flap of which can be closed to create a letter.)

**********

The Salt Cellar

**********

The Half Closed Flower (The Seedpod)

**********

The King's Crown (The Crown)

**********

The Cake Dish (The Pepperpot)

**********

The Open Flower (The Open Seedpod)

**********

The Queen's Crown

**********

The Portmanteau (The Travel Bag)

**********

The Kite

**********

The Bat

**********

The Bird (The Cocotte or Pajarita)

**********

The Duck

**********

The Tablecloth

**********

The Windmill

**********

The Cigar Case or Card Case

**********

The Double Boat

**********

The Boat with Fishbox

(Note that in this version the ends of the front hull have been folded up in preparation for folding the Closed Box.)

**********

The Double Fishbox or Pair of Panniers for a Donkey (The Portfolio)

(Note that in this version the ends of both hulls have been folded up in preparation for folding the Closed Box.)

**********

Grandmamma's Reticule

**********

The Large, Square Box (The Open Box)

**********

The Picture Frame

**********

The Firm Box (The Solid Box)

**********

The Looking Glass (The Mirror)

**********

The Chinese Junk (The Gondola)

**********

Forms of Life Developed from the Double Ground-Form:

The Square Box Having Two 'Lids' (The Junk Box)

(Note that this design is produced from a double boat folded from a blintzed windmill base. One flap is pulled out and folded to produce a 'little pocket with an overhanging rectangle' and the other flap pulled out and folded similarly to produce 'a double pocket similar to the 'paniers' of the First Series'. The box is made by flattening out this form.

**********

The Gondola (The Chinese Junk)

(The Chinese Junk is then developed in the normal way via the blintz windmill base versions of the picture frame and the mirror.)

**********

The Purse (The Scent Bottle)

**********

The Muff

**********

The Vase

**********

The Vest (The Jacket)

**********

The Pair of Pants (The Trousers)

**********

The Pair of Boots

**********

The Doll (composed of various folded and non-folded parts glued together)

**********

The Chair

**********

The Cross

(illustrated as a napkin fold but not named).

**********

Three other napkin folds are also illustrated but not named.

**********

The Soldier's Hat

(a variation of the Newspaper Hat made in a way that is similar to the method by which the Mitre is made)

**********

The Paper Boat

(made in an unnecessarily complicated way)

**********

The Purse (The Mitre)

**********

The Pencil Case

**********

The Hammer

**********

The Shovel

**********

The One-Piece Star of David

(not named in the book)

**********

The Eighth Occupation: Paper-Cutting and Mounting, Free-Cutting, Silhouetting

Rings (Paper Chains)

**********

Windmill (The Cut and Fold Windmill)

**********

The Preliminary Series

**********

Free Cutting (of symmetrical patterns from folded squares)

**********

Fold, Cut and Fold Animals

**********

The Tenth Occupation: Cardboard Modelling

Cardboard Modelling is the production of three-dimensional forms by folding up and gluing together cut out nets.

Boxes (Cut and Fold Boxes of various dimensions and shapes)

**********

Crystals (Cut and Fold Polyhedra)

Nets for various prisms and pyramids, all the Platonic solids, a truncated square-based pyramid, a cone and a cylinder.

**********

Forms of Life (produced by combining cut and fold geometric forms)

**********

Cut and Fold Furniture