The Public Paperfolding History Project

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The 1885 engraving of the Flapping Bird

  Information about the history of paperfolding found on the internet, and, indeed, in many older published sources, is often based more on myth and imagination than on fact and scholarship. The Public Paperfolding History Project aims to collect information from verifiable historical sources from which a more reliable narrative of the development of recreational paperfolding as a whole, and of individual paperfolding styles and designs, can be shaped, and to make this information publicly available for everyone to study and enjoy.

Objects made of paper are ephemeral and the record we have of them at an early date relies largely on their chance survival or their mention or appearance in poetry, books, fabrics, drawings, prints and paintings. It is likely that many practical and recreational paperfolds are much older than the earliest evidence we have for their existence. Unfortunately, of course, we cannot know, even approximately, how much older they might actually be.

It is my intention to eventually include information up to 1971 in these pages. After that date designs proliferate so fast that it would be impossible to record them all.

The information in this section is drawn from texts in Japanese, Spanish, German, Dutch, French, English and several other languages. I am only fluent in English and rely on on-line translation tools for assistance. This will necessarily mean that I have made mistakes. If you find any errors or inaccuracies in these pages, or are aware of additional information, particularly early information, that I do not know of, or may have overlooked, please let me know.

Some of the information on this page comes from my own research. Much more of it, however, is drawn from the research of other people that has kindly been provided to me. I would particularly like to acknowledge the assistance of Juan Gimeno, Michel Grand, Masatsugu Tsutsumi, Edwin Corrie, Jaume Coll Guerrero, Koshiro Hatori, Joan Sallas, Laura Rosenberg and Coral Roma, but many other people have helped as well. It goes without saying that the late David Lister's writings on paperfolding history have also been invaluable.

David Mitchell

 
Broad Overviews / Chronologies
 
A Brief History of Recreational Paperfolding in Western Europe and Japan until 1931

A Briefer History of the Next Fifty Years - 1932 to 1971

**********

A Chronology of Paperfolding History

**********

A History of Histories

A Bibliography of Bibliographies

 
How to find information on this page
 
The first two sections below provide links to pages about Some Well-Known Designs and The Paperfolding of Some Well-Known People. Looking through a few of these may, I hope, encourage you to dig in a little deeper.

The following eight sections are made up of Topic Pages (which also function as indexes) gathering together material about various broad categories of designs and paperfolding techniques, although, in many cases material from the main sources and individual design pages has not yet been fully carried over. While this means that you cannot (yet) necessarily rely on them for a full historical narrative of the topic they cover, you can still use them to find out what designs in that particular category have a page of their own and to locate many designs which do not (yet) merit an individual page.

The next section is probably the one that you will want to use the most. It provides pages about Individual Designs, including all the best known 'traditional' designs (and some that you may never have heard of before). Designs tend to have different names in different books, at different times and, of course, in different languages. To simplify this situation I have given each of the designs that have an Individual Design Page a standard name. Usually this name is in English, but sometimes it is in another language. These standard names are used in the headings in the Index Pages and in the main body of the Source Pages (see below), where they appear in bold. This should, hopefully, help you find the Individual Design Page for the design you are looking for. If you cannot find a classic or 'traditional' design in these pages please feel free to contact me.

If you want information about, for instance, the history of paper planes in general, you can find this in the Index Pages - Inanimate Objects section. If you want to look up the history of one particularly paper plane, say the Paper Dart or the Swallow, you can find this in the section about Individual Designs.

Individual Designs generally only have their own pages if they occur several times in the literature. Details of designs that only appear once or twice may not have their own page but information about them will appear in the Index Pages.

Finally, right at the foot of this page, there is a section about Sources, which provides information about many of the historical documents on which the other pages are based, and, in many cases, provides a link to a full online version of the document the information is drawn from. If you know of any other significant sources of information that I have overlooked please let me know.

Where sources are shown but are not yet linked to pages it means I have information on what they contain but have not yet found time to add the information here.

Where Sources Pages are marked 'incomplete information' it means I have not yet been able to obtain a full print copy or find a full electronic copy on line. If you can make up for these deficiences I will be extremely grateful.

Where Source Pages are marked 'not yet fully integrated' it means I have not yet fully carried the information they contain over to the Index and Individual Design pages.

Where Index or Individual Design pages.pages are marked 'incomplete' it means that I have information that has not yet been added to these pages, in some cases a great deal of information.

All pages are subject to updating as new information becomes available.

 
Some Well-Known Designs
 
Pages about many more individual designs can be found further down this page.
 
 
The Paperfolding of Some Well-Known People
 
 
Topic Pages
 
Top Level Topic Pages
 
  Paper Books and Folding Pages     Multiple Sheet Designs     Designs Folded from Strips
                     
  Cut Designs (incomplete)     Pleated Designs     Uncut Designs
                     
  Crumpled Designs     Designs developed from Rolls / Scrolls and Coils      
 
Second Level Topic Pages
 
  Active Play Designs     Inflatable Designs     How to Cook Food / Boil Water / Melt Tin etc in Paper Pans
                     
  Constructing Angles by Folding Paper     Kusudama     Designs from Playing Cards
                     
  Cardboard Modelling / Cartonnage     How to Melt Lead in Paper / The Paper Furnace / Salamander Paper     Constructing Polygons by Folding Paper
                     
  Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle     Letterfolds     Constructing Polyhedra by Folding Paper
                     
  Fold, Cut and Fold Animals (incomplete)     Macromodular Designs     Everyday Practical and Decorative Paperfolding
                     
  Fold and Cut Chevron Designs     Paperfolding Stunts, Entertainments and Magical Effects     Paperfolding as Political Propaganda
                     
  Fold and Cut Friezes (incomplete)     Paperfolding Mathematics     Paperfolding Puzzles
                     
  Flexagons (Overview)     Modular Designs     Mathematical Paperfolding Puzzles
                     
  Formal and Ceremonial Paperfolding     Napkin and Serviette Folding     Quilling / Paper Filigree
                     
  Single-Sheet Geometric Ornaments and Decorations (incomplete)     Noise Making Designs     Air / Breath Driven Rotating Designs
                     
  Paperfolding Games     Fold and One Cut Designs     Paperfolding Science
                     
  Golden Venture / 3D Origami     Paper Packets and Packaging (incomplete)     Water Absorbing Designs
                     
               
 
Designs from Standard Bases / Basic Folds / Paper Shapes
 
  Designs from the Double Blintz Basic Form     Designs from the Preliminary Fold     Designs from the Bird Base
                     
  Designs from the Double Bookfold Basic Form     Designs from the Fish Base     Designs from the Pig Base
                     
  Designs from the Triple Blintz Basic Form     Designs from the Windmill Base     Designs from the House
                     
  Designs from the Waterbomb Base     Designs from the Blintzed Windmill Base      
 
Early Japanese Paperfolding
 
  Japanese Folded Letters     Fold and Cut Mon / Japanese Crests     Early Japanese Representative Designs
                     
  Japanese Slit and Fold Human Figures     Japanese Folding Picture Forms     Shide / Japanese Sacred Cut and Fold Paper Streamers
                     
  Japanese Knotted Letters     Early Japanese Practical Designs     Japanese Formal Wrappers / Tsutsumi / Noshi
 
Froebelian Paperfolding
 
 
Angles, Polygons, Polyhedra and other Mathematical Paperfolds
 
This section is largely incomplete at present. Because of this, information about the first appearance of some mathematical paperfolds has not yet been added to the Chronology.
 
 
Flexagons and Some Other Related Flexible Objects
 
  Flexagons (overview)     Silverflexagons     Cherchez la Femme / The Trick Book
                     
  Hexaflexagons     Bronzeflexagons     The Flexatube
                     
  Tetraflexagons     Black Holes      
 
Inanimate Objects
 
  Alphabets, Letters and Numbers     Paper Fire Lighters     Multiple-Image Pleated Paper Pictures / Falzbilder / Tabulae Striatae
                     
  Paper Balls     Fold and Slit Paper Frills / Ruffles / Manchettes / Candle Decorations / Trees     Cut and Fold Polygonal Packets
                     
  Paper Bangers     Paper Garlands, Chains and Bands     Purses / Bags / Wallets / Card Holders (incomplete)
                     
  Baskets     Paper Hair Wrappings     Fold and Cut Shelf Edgings and Flowerpot Decorations
                     
  Beads     Hats and Caps      
                     
  Boats     Jewellery / Rings     Space Vehicles
                     
  Bookmarks     Flyable Kites     Paper Spills /Alumettes / Paper Matches
                     
  Boxes, Bowls and Other Containers     Kites (Non-Flying)     Spools / Yarn Holders
                     
  2D Buildings and Structures     Pleated Paper Lampshades     Symmetrical Inkblots / Klecksography / The Rorschach Test
                     
  3D Buildings and Structures     Landscapes     Tents
                     
  Card Castles / Houses of Cards / Chateaux de Cartes / Playing Card Skittles     Lanterns     Fold and Slit Paper Tinsel / Tassles (incomplete)
                     
  Paper Cartridges     Metamorphoses / Harlequinades     Tools and Household Equipment
                     
  Clothing and Personal Accessories     Musical Instruments (non-playing)     Transport and Vehicles
                     
  Corporals     One Way Trays      
                     
  Fold and Cut Stove and Chair Covers     Paperclips     Umbrellas and Parasols
                     
  Paper Darts and Flights     Folded Patenbriefs / Sponsorship Letters     Valentines, Proposals and Love Tokens
                     
  Desk Furniture           The Folding of Visiting / Calling Cards
                     
  Pleated Paper Fans     Paper Pipes     Write and Fold Games / Draw and Fold Games / Le Cadavre Exquis
                     
  Fold-Outs (incomplete)     Paper Pistols     Wall Mounted Designs (incomplete)
                     
  Furniture     Paper Planes     Paper Wicks
                     
  Filters           Windmills
 
Living Things
 
  Bats     Elephants     Mythical and Invented Creatures
                     
  Bears     Fish     Octopii
                     
  Birds     Plants, Flowers and Seeds (incomplete)     Peacocks
                     
  Bulls and Cows     Foxes     Penguins
                     
  Butterflies     Frogs, Toads and Tadpoles     Pigs and Boars
                     
  Camels     Giraffes     Prehistoric Creatures
                     
  Cats     Horses     Rabbits and Hares
                     
  Cicadas     Human Faces     Miscellaneous Sealife
                     
  Crabs and Lobsters     Human Figures (incomplete)     Seals / Sealions
                     
  Crane and Tortoise Designs     Insects     Snails
                     
  Deer     Kangaroos     Spiders
                     
  Dogs     Lizards     Turtles / Tortoises
                     
  Dragonflies     Mice and Rats     Zebras
                     
  Ducks, Swans and Geese     Monkeys and Apes      
 
Pages about Individual Designs
 

Closely connected designs may share the same page.

Some designs, mostly those which only occur once in the literature (or in multiple books by the same author) are not recorded separately in this section. You can, however, locate them through the Index Pages sections above.

 
  Abd-El-Krim     Dropping a Strip of Paper to Land on One Edge     Le Petit Papier / El Papelito
                     
  The Afghan Bands / Les Anneaux Mysterieuse     The Spanish Elephant     The Pig
                     
  The Air Force Cap     The Fifth Pig and similar propaganda fold-ins     The Pipe Cap / Bishop's Mitre / Bishop's Crown / Traditional Ingot
                     
  The Albatross     The Flapping Bird     The Plaited Belt
                     
  The Basic Box           The Fold and Cut Paper Garland / How to Climb Through a Playing Card
                     
  The Basket with Handle     The Flapping Butterfly     The Playing Card Cube
                     
  The Bed     The Flapping Dove     The Playing Card Monk / Capuchin de Carte
                     
  The Bellows     The Flat Bottomed Boat     Le Porte-Allumettes / La Violetera
                     
  The Bench and the Bench wth Arms     The Flexatube     The Postman
                     
  The Blintz Box or Masu / The Winnowing Box     The Folding Box     The Postman's Hat
                     
  The Blotting Paper Holder / Le Sous-Main Buvard     The Fox Face     The Propellor / Helice
                     
  The Blowpipe and Darts     The Frame and the Picture Frame     The Puff Ball
                     
  The Blunt Ended Boat / Canoe     The Froebel Star / Moravian Star / German Star / Swedish Star / Paper Rosette     The Three-Piece Purse
                     
  The Paper Boat / Paper Boat Hat / Paper Boat Snapper     The Blow-Up Frog     The Puzzle Purse / Pinwheel / Thread Container
                     
  The Boat with Fishbox     The Jumping Frog     The Pyramidal Hat
                     
  The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp     Fukusuke     The Rectangular Packet
                     
  The Square Hat / Le Bonnet Carre     The Walking Giraffe / Le Girafe Marchant     Sake Bottle Covers and Decorations
                     
  How to Cover a Book     The Blow-up Goldfish     The Sailboat
                     
  The Pair of Boots     The Hexagonal Packet     The Salt Cellar / The Pepperpot
                     
  The Box with Handles / La Boite a Anses     The Hexagonal Sachet     The Inside Out Boat / The Sampan / The Rainy Day Sampan
                     
  The Buddha Papers and the Fold and Switch Effect     The Hibachi     The Sanbo
                     
  The Blow-up Bunny     Horses and Riders / Ross und Reiter     The Sanbo on Legs and its derivative designs
                     
        The House      
                     
  The Butterchurn     The Incense Packet     The Scent Bottle
                     
  The Fold and Slit Cage, the Fold and Slit Fishing Net and the Fold and Slit Trellis     The Inkwell     The Sedan Chair / Kago / Palanquin
                     
  The Cake Box     The Immovable Card     The Shanghai Star and Basket
                     
  The Carrier Pigeon / Bird Flies Off Your Hand     The Improvised Brassiere     The Ship
                     
  The Catherine of Cleves Box     The Jacket / The Trousers / The Suit of Clothes / The Doll / The Dog     The Ship's Wheel Magical Effect
                     
  The Chair     The Japanese Box / La Boite Japonaise     The Hat / The Shirt
                     
  The Chameleon Game / Jeu Cameleonien     The Jumping Bean     The Short Sleeved Shirt
                     
  Cherchez la Femme / The Trick Book     The Junk Box     The Shovel
                     
  The Cherries Puzzle / The Three Pieces Puzzle / The Card Puzzle / The Liberty Bell     The Kabuto / Japanese Helmet / Samurai Helmet / Goldfish / Nagakabuto / The Party Hat     The Snapdragon
                     
  The Chickenwire Letterfold     The Keelboat     The Paper Boat Snapper
                     
  The Gondola / Chinese Junk / Takarabune     The Kettle and the Open Top Box     The Soldier's Cap / The Poke Bonnet
                     
  The Chinese Wallet / Jacob's Ladder     The Kikuzara / The Japanese Ornamental Ball     The Solid Box
                     
  The Chrysanthemum Box     The Kimono     The Sofa / Organ / Piano / Chair
                     
  The Kabuto Base Cicada / La Mosca     The King's Crown / The Battleship     The Sonobe Module
                     
  The Crossover Cicada     Le Kiosque Japonais     The Sou'wester / Gorro de Aguas
                     
  The Cigar Case     Komoso / Yakko-san     The Spanish Box
                     
  The Claw     The Fold and One Cut Ladder     The Fat Sparrow
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (19th Century)     The Fold and Cut Lantern     The Slit and Assemble Cube and Sphere
                     
  The Cocotte / Pajarita (20th Century)     The Long Lantern     The Square Letterfold
                     
  The Cocotte in a Boat / Pajarita in a Boat     The Large Box     The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
                     
  Big Coin Through Small Hole Magic Trick     The Fold and One Cut Latin Cross / Altar / Ticket to Heaven     The Stand / The Crib / The Seat
                     
  The Collar     The Lily / Iris     The Star-Shaped Box
                     
  The Paper Cone / Grocer's Cone     The Lotus / Waterlily     The Steamship / The Well / The Battleship
                     
  The Corner Cabinet / The Shelf (L'Etagere)     Lock 'em Up Puzzle     The Lazy Susan
                     
  The Cradle     The Love Knot Letterfold     The Swallow (paper plane)
                     
  The Paper Crane / Orizuru / Sadako Sasaki     The Lover's Knot     The Table and the Tablecloth
                     
  The Simple Crane     The Magazine Cover Box     The Tachibana / Persimmon
                     
  The Nesting Crane     The Magic Hat / Bonnet de Magicien / Bonnete de Magico     The Talking Fish
                     
              The Teapot Stand
                     
  The Plump Crane     Fold and One Cut Maltese Cross / Iron Cross     The Cubical Box / Tematebako / The Japanese Hexagon Puzzle Box
                     
  The Crane Envelope     The Mirror and the Looking Glass     The Tenjin Shrine
                     
  Le Cri du Veau / Trumpet / Flute     The Mitre / Pencil Case / Doll / Turban     Tetrahedron from a Tube or Envelope
                     
  The Cross / The Double Cross     The Mobius Band     The Three Scrolls
                     
  The Cross Star     The Cut and Fold Model Aeroplane     The Travel Bag
                     
  The Simple Crow     Le Moineau (The Sparrow)     Troublewit
                     
  The Crow with Legs     The Monster Fish     The Trough
                     
  The Paper Cup     The Morning Glory / Carnation     The Turban
                     
  The Cup and Saucer / The Japanese House     The Muff / The Lantern     Turning a Bank Note Upside Down
                     
  The Paper Dart / The Arrow     The Mushikago     The Vase / The Cravat
                     
  The Paper Doily     The Newspaper Hat     Verdi's Vase
                     
  The Chain of Dolls     The Newspaper Ladder     La Voiture de Cartes
                     
  The Donkey with Panniers     The Newspaper Sword     The Wagon / El Carro
                     
  The Donkey Eared Dunces Hat     The Newspaper Tree     The Wall Pocket
                     
  Don Simon     The Novelty Purse     The Waterbomb / The Hot Air Balloon
                     
  The Double Boat and the Double Hulled Boat     The Pagoda     The Wild Man From Borneo / Le Diablotin / El Gatito
                     
  Another Double Boat     The Game of Paper, Scissors, Stone     The Windmilll and the Bicolour Windmill
                     
  The Double Boat with Sail     Ocho and Mecho Butterflies     The Cut and Fold Windmill
                     
  The Double Boat with Two Sails     The Fold and Cut Paper Parachute     The Wind Wheel
                     
  The Double Fishbox / The Portfolio     The Patisserie Box     The Witch's Ladder / Devil's Staircase / Hexentrappe / Harmonika
                     
  The Dove     16th Century Dutch Patriotic Pamphlets     The Workman's Hat ( aka the Carpenter's, Printer's or Pressman's Hat)
                     
  The Drinking Bird     La Peniche / Le Bateau Ponte     The Woven Basket
                     
  The Duck     The Pentagonal Knot and the See-Through Pentagram     The Woven Cross
                     
        The Fold and One Cut Pentagram / Five-pointed Star / Betsy Ross Star     The Woven Heart and Woven Heart Basket
                     
              The Yacht
 
Pages about Individual Paperfolders
 
The pages in this section are being used to collect information about individuals who have made a significant contribution to the development of paperfolding as and when it becomes available and should not be relied on as complete and accurate biographies.
 
  The paperfolding of Giuseppe Baggi     The paperfolding of Ligia Montoya     The paperfolding of Vicente Solorzano Sagredo
                     
  The Paperfolding of Alfred Bestall     The paperfolding of Robert E Neale     The paperfolding of E D Sullivan
                     
  The paperfolding of Adolpho Cerceda     The paperfolding of John M Nordquist     The paperfolding of Toshie Takahama
                     
  The paperfolding of Neal Elias     The paperfolding of Lillian Oppenheimer     The paperfolding of Florence Temko
                     
  The paperfolding of Martin Gardner     The paperfolding of Samuel Randlett     The paperfolding of Kosho Uchiyama
                     
  The paperfolding of Robert Harbin     The paperfolding of George Rhoads     The paperfolding of Michio Uchiyama
                     
  The paperfolding of Isao Honda     The paperfolding of Frederic G Rohm     The paperfolding of Harry Weiss
                     
  The paperfolding of Toyoaki Kawai     The paperfolding of Philip Shen     The paperfolding of Akira Yoshizawa
                     
  The paperfolding of Gershon Legman     The paperfolding of Jack J Skillman      
                     
               
 
Sources
 
A Note about the Nature of Paperfolding History

Other Sources Consulted / Searched

Undated Postcards / Undated Trade Cards / Undated Drawings, Prints and Paintings

List of books / booklets / articles of which a copy has not yet been located

(If anyone can supply me with a copy of any of these missing sources I will be truly grateful. Thanks.)

 
Articles published in Selected Periodicals
 
 
Illustrations by Selected Artists
 
 
Books, Other Articles in Periodicals, and Survivals, in Chronological Order
 
Japanese sources (including books by Japanese authors in English) are marked with pink squares.
 
  The Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon, 1002     Scientific Amusements by Henry Frith, 1890     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1939
                     
  Genji Monogatari (The Tale of Genji) by Murasaki Shikibu, 1021     The Boy's Own Book of Indoor Games and Recreations by G A Hutchinson, 1890     Papirolas - Doblado y Plegado by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1939 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Viribus Quantitatis by Luca Pacioli, 1502     Serviettes and How to Fold Them, 1890     Papirolas - Pajaritalogia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1940 (incomplete information)
                     
  Magiae Naturalis by Giambattista della Porta, 1584     Exercises Methodiques de Travaux Manuels au Moyen de Pliage de Papier Sans Outils Ni Instruments Adaptes a L'Enseignements des Ecoles Primaires, 1890 (incomplete information)     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, abridged and revised edition, 1940 (incomplete information)
                     
  Trattato delle piegature by Mattia Giegher, 1629     La Science Amusante by Tom Tit, 1890-1893     At Home Tonight by Herbert McKay, 1940
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae by Daniel Schwenter, 1636     Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers by Maggie Browne, 1891     El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, 1940
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 2 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1651     Bulletin de la Societe de Protection des Apprentis,1891     Papiro-Zoo: Manual Practico de Cocotologia by Giordano Lareo, 1941 (incomplete information)
                     
  Vollständiges und von neuem vermehrtes Trincir-Buch by Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, 1652     Our Little Kings and Queens at Home and at School by Lida Brooks Miller, 1891     After The Dessert by Martin Gardner, 1941
                     
  Deliciae physico mathematicae Volume 3 by Georg Phillip Harsdorffer, 1653     Paper Folding and Cutting by Katherine M Ball, 1892     Paper Magic by U F Grant, 1941 (incomplete information)
                     
  Trenchier-und Plicatur-Büchlein by Andreas Klett, 1657 (incomplete information)     How to Teach Paper-Folding and Cutting by Norma MacLeod, 1892     El Libro de Oro de Los Ninos, 1943 (incomplete information)
                     
  L'Escole parfaite des officiers de bouches, 1662 (incomplete)     Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by Jully & Rocheron, 1892     Origami Shuko by Isao Honda, 1944 (incomplete information)
                     
  A Perfect School of Instructions for the Officers of the Mouth by Giles Rose, 1682 (incomplete)     Articles in Journal des Instituteurs, 1892/3     Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia Superior by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
                     
  Aanhangzel volmaakte Hollandsche keuken-meid by Jan Willem Claus van Laar, 1746     Geometrical Exercises in Paperfolding by Tandalam Sundara Rao, 1893     Papiroflexia Elemental by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1945 (incomplete information)
                     
  Onna Chohoki, 1692 (and 1847)     Cuestiones de Pedagogía Práctica: Medios de Instruir by Vicente Castro Legua, 1893     Napkin Folds by Tom Osbourne, 1945
                     
  Origata Tehon of Kikuchi Fujiwara no Takehide, 1697     L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel by M P Martin, 1893     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1946
                     
  Récréations mathématiques et physiques by Jacques Ozanam, 1723     Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices by Henriette Suzanne Brés, 1894     Papirolas Escolares by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1947 (incomplete information)
                     
  Enganos a Ojos Vistas, Y Diversion de Trabajos by Pablo Minguet E Irol, 1733     Pour Amuser les Petits by Tom Tit, 1894     The Art of Chinese Paperfolding by Maying Soong, 1948
                     
              Ce qu'on peut faire avec du papier plie by Marie-Jacqueline Michel-Dubreton, 1948 (incomplete information)
                     
  Ranma Zushiki,1734     Pajaritologia by Senesio Delgado, 1894     Au Pays des Mains Agiles, 1949
                     
  I Giochi Numerici Fatti Arcani by Giuseppe Antonio Alberti, 1747     L'Enseignement Manuel by Rene Leblanc, 1895     Occupons Nos Doigts by Raymond Richard, 1950 (incomplete information)
                     
              Plezier met Papier by Aart van Breda, 1950 (incomplete information)
                     
  Tresor des Jeux by Carlo Antonio, 1759     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Elementaire - M E. Cazes, 1895     Origami: Folding Paper for Children by Claude Sarasas, 1951
                     
  Die Zehenmal Hundert und Eine Kunst by Albrecht Ernst Friedrich von Crailsheim, 1762     Geometrie, Dessin et Travaux Manuels - Cours Moyen - M E. Cazes, 1895     El Mundo de Papel by Dr Nemesio Montero, 1951 extended edition
                     
  Hoketsuki by Sadatake Ise, 1764     Course in Paperfolding by Eleenore Heerwart, 1895 (in need of revision)     Papiroflexia by Elias Gutierrez Gil, 1951
                     
  The Senbazuru Orikata, 1797     Der Kindergarten by A S Fischer, 1895     Una Hoja de Papel by Lorenzo Herrero, 1952
                     
  Orikata Tehon Chushingura, 1797     Practical Suggestions for Kindergartners by Jeannette R Gregory, 1895     A Bibliography of Paper Folding by Gershon Legman, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Complet des Jeux de Société by Elisabeth Celnart, 1827     The Republic of Childhood: Part 2 Froebel's Occupations by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith, 1896 (needs updating)     Article on the work of Yoshizawa in Asahi Graf, January 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Boy's Own Book by William Clarke, 1828     Article about Troublewit in The Strand Magazine, 1896     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine April to December, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
              Avonturen met Papier by Aart van Breda, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manual Completo de Juegos de Sociedad o Tertulia y la Prendas by Mariano de Rementería y Fica, 1831     Pliage et Decoupage du Papier by C Savineau, 1897 (incomplete information)     Atari Origami Geijuitsu by Akira Yoshizawa, 1954 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Girl's Own Book by Lydia Maria Child, 1833     Kindergarten Guide by Lois Bates, 1897     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Shufu no Tomo (Young Ladies’ Friend) magazine, 1954 (incomplete information)
                     
              Het Grote Vouwboek by Aart van Breda, 1952 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Kan No Mado, 1845     Fröbel’s Theory and Practice by Eleonore Heerwart, 1897     Paper Magic by Robert Harbin, 1956
                     
              Un zoo en papier plie by Marie-Jacqueline Michel-Dubreton, 1956 (incomplete information)
                     
  Juegos de los Ninos, 1847     Travaux Recreatifs Pour les Enfants de 4 a 10 Ans by Marie Koenig, 1898     Origami Dokuhon by Akira Yoshizawa, 1957 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Rapport sur une Nouvelle Methode de Geometrie Pratique de Martin Chatelain, 1849     Le Livre des Amusettes by Toto, 1899     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  A Practical Guide to the English Kinder Garten by Joh and Bertha Ronge, 1855     L'Art de Plier les Serviettes de Table by Agnes Verboom, 1899     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Penguin Book by Isao Honda, 1957 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manuel Pratique des Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, by J-F Jacobs, 1859     What Shall We Do Now? by Edward Verral Lucas and Elizabeth Lucas, 1900     Origami: Book One by Florence Sakade, 1957 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  The Boy's Own Toymaker by E Landells, 1859     Introduccion a la Ensenaza Practica del Sistema de Kindergarten by Ernesto Steiger, 1900     Origami Zukan by Okimasa Uchiyama, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Girl's Own Toymaker by E Landells and Alice Landells, 1860     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1902     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Monkey Book by Isao Honda, 1958 (incomplete information)
                     
  Friedrich Froebel's Gesammelte Padogogische Schriften edited by Wichard Lange, 1861     Paper Folding for Schools by M Hopkins, 1902     Origami: Book Two by Florence Sakade, 1958 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
        La Recreation en Famille by Tom Tit, 1903     Three Articles in Hokubei Shimpo in May and June 1958
                     
  Das Paradies der Kindheit by Lina Morgenstern, 1861     La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, 1903     Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures Exhibition Catalogue, 1959 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Kindergarten and Elementarklasse by August Kohler,1861 (incomplete information)     The Book of Indoor Games by J K Benson, 1904 (incomplete information)     How to Make Origami by Isao Honda, 1959
                     
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1862     Handbuchlein der Papierfaltekunst by Joseph Sperl, 1904 (incomplete information)     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Fuji Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 1 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo by Ezequiel Solana, 1904     Origami: Japanese Paperfolding - Sakura Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 2 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Les Bon Jeudis by Tom Tit, 1906     Pocket Guide to origami: Bunny Book by Isao Honda. 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
  De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 4 by Elise Van Calcar, 1863     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, January 1907     Pocket Guide to Origami: Bow-Wow Book by Isao Honda, 1959 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Spielbuch fur Knaben by Hermann Wagner, 1864     Article in La Escuela Moderna by Vicente Castro Legua, February 1907     Origami: Book Three by Florence Sakade, 1959 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Every Little Boy's Book, 1864     Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, 1907 edition     Articles on the work of Yoshizawa in Fujin Koron (Ladies’ Opinion) magazine January to September, 1959 (incomplete information)
                     
              Articles by Robert Harbin in the Observer newspaper, 1959 / 1960
                     
  Spielbuch für Mädchen by Marie Leske, 1865     Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1907 edition     Paper Folding Fun by Robert Harbin, 1960 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1869     Les Petits Secrets Amusants by Alber-Graves, 1908     All About Origami by Isao Honda, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1869     Handicraft Teaching Materials and Teaching Methods by Hideyoshi Okayama, 1909 (incomplete information)     Origami by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Das Frobel'sche Faltblatt by August Kohler, 1872     Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs by H de Graffigny, 1909     Origami 2 by Tokinobu and Hideko Mihara, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  Hanky Panky by W H Cremer, 1872     Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, 1910     Origami Storybook by Florence Sakade, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
              Happy Origami (Butterfly / Swallow / Tortoise / Whale books) by Tatsuo Miyawaki, 1960 (incomplete information)
                     
  The Popular Recreator, 1873     Paradise of Childhood by Edward Wiebe, 1910 edition     The Art of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1961 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Exercices et Travaux pour les Enfants Selon la Méthode et les Procédés de Pestalozzi et de Froebel by Fanny and Charles Delon, 1873     Un recuerdo puro by Miguel de Unamuno, 1910     Origami Zoo: Animal Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
  Die Praxis Des Kindergartens by August Kohler,1873     Distractions Enfantines by Marie Koenig, 1910     Origami Zoo: Bird Book by Isao Honda, 1961 (incomplete information)
                     
        Studies in Invalid Occupation by Susan E Tracy, 1910     Folding Paper Puppets by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1962
                     
        Monozukushi-e print by unknown artist c1912     Papiroflexia Zoomorphica by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 2 Volumes, 1962
                     
  Der Kindergarten by Hermann Goldammer, 1874 Edition     El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela by Félix Martí Alpera, 1914 (not yet integrated)     Origami by Kosho Uchiyama, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch by E Barth and W Niederley, 1876     Illustrated Paperfolding by Shaolie Gui, 1914 (incomplete information)     Living Origami Book 1 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cahier de Adele Tissot, 1876     Scientific Amusements by C G Knott, 1918     Living Origami Book 2 by Isao Honda, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
              Pop-Up Origami ((Johnny / Kitty books) by Tatsuo Miyawaki, 1962 (incomplete information)
                     
  Kindergarten Practice: Part II Froebel's Plane Surfaces by Mary Gurney, 1877     Paper Tricks by Will Goldston, 1919 (incomplete information)     Party Lines by Robert Harbin, 1963 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Yochien Ombutsu No Zu, 1878     Shikaka Origami Dzukai, c1920 (incomplete information)     Secrets of Origami by Robert Harbin, 1963
                     
  Yochien Ho Niju Yuki by Seki Shinzo, 1879     Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1920     Sosaku Origami by Michio Uchiyama, 1963 (incomplete information)
                     
  Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, 1879     Houdini's Paper Magic, 1922     Folding Paper Toys by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1963 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Les Récréations Scientifiques by Gaston Tissandier, 1880 to 1888     Unamuno, Venegas y la Cocotologia / La vida - La evolucion de la pajarita by Ramon Gomez de la Serna, 1922     Tanoshii Origami (Joyful Origami) and Origami Ehon (Origami Picture Book) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1963
                     
  Un million de jeux et de plaisirs by T de Moulidars, 1880     The Art of Paper Folding in Japan by Frederick Starr, 1922 (not yet fully integrated)     The Best of Origami by Samuel Randlett, 1964 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  The Boy's Own Book (Revised Edition), 1880     More Paper Magic by Will Blyth, 1923     Lampen Aus Papier by Brigitte Schussler, 1964
                     
  The Kindergarten Principle by Mary J Lyschinska, 1880     Trabajos Manuales y Juegos Infantiles by Francisco and Pedro Blanch, 1923 (incomplete information)     Noshi - Classic Origami in Japan by Isao Honda, 1964
                     
              Origami Shu by Toyoaki Kawai, 1964 (incomplete information)
                     
              Fold-and-Paste Origami Storybook by Florence Sakade, 1964 (incomplete information)
                     
  Cassell's Book of Indoor Amusements, Card Games and Fireside Fun, 1881     Joujoux en Papier by Tom Tit, 1924     Folding Paper Masks by Shari Lewis and Lillian Oppenheimer, 1965 (incomplete information)
                     
              Origami Fun Book by Tatsuo Miyawaki, 1965 (incomplete information)
                     
  Het Vlechten by Elise Van Calcar, 1881     Papiergestaltung by Paul Engelhardt and Adolf Lillack, 1926 (incomplete information)     The World of Origami by Isao Honda, 1965 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Part 2 of The Kindergarten Guide by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, 1882     Das Lustiges Papierfaltbüchlein by Johanna Huber, 1927 (incomplete information)     Origami: The Folding Papers of Japan: Film by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1966
                     
  Arrêté réglant l’organisation pédagogique et le plan d’études des écoles primaires publiques, Jules Ferry, 1882     Illustration in Kodomo No Kuni magazine, 1927     The Great International Airplane Book by Mander, Dippel and Gossage, 1967
                     
  Popular Scientific Recreations, 1883     Fun with Paper Folding by Murray and Rigney, 1928     Origami Dokuhon 1 (second edition) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1967 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
  Giuochi Fanciulleschi Siciliani by Giuseppe Pitri, 1883     Miguel de Unamuno - der Baskische Bildhauer by Edda Reinhardt, 1928     Origami Folding Fun: Kangaroo Book by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Pictorial Story in Llibre Vert III by Apeles Mestre, 1883     Article in Popular Mechanics magazine, 1928     Origami Folding Fun: Pony Book by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Jeux et Jouet du Jeune Age by Gaston Tissandier, 1884     Article in Modern Mechanix magazine, 1929     Origami Holiday by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Les Cocottes de Mon Grand-Pere by Alfred Delvau, 1884     Origami Part 1 by Isao Honda, 1931     Origami Festival by Isao Honda, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Kindergarten Shoho by Iijima Hanjuro, 1885     Origami Part 2 by Isao Honda, 1932 (incomplete information)     Origami Playtime by Tatsuo Miyawaki, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Instruction pour l'Enseignement Manuel dans les Ecoles Primaires by G Salicis, 1885 (incomplete information)     Winter Nights Entertainments by R M Abraham, 1932     Jolly Origami (Birdie / Bossy / Rooster books) by Tatsuo Miyawaki, 1967 (incomplete information)
                     
  Exercises de Travaux Manuels de L'ecole Louis Vauquelin de Rouen, 1886/7     Images A Plier by M R Chasles, 1932     How to Make and Fly Paper Airplanes by Captain Ralph S. Barnaby, 1968
                     
  Cours de Travail Manuel (Pour les Garcons) by A Planty, 1887     Figuras de Papel, 1932 (incomplete information)     Teach Yourself Origami by Robert Harbin, 1968
                     
  Enseignement du Travail Manuel a L'Ecole Primaire by Emile Faivre, 1887     Las Pajaritas de Papel de Unamuno, Article in Estampa magazine, 1932     Nihon no Kokoro Dento Origami (Heart of Japan, Traditional Origami) by Isao Honda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, 1886/7     Diversions and Pastimes by R M Abraham, 1933     Modern Origami by James Minoru Sakoda, 1969 (incomplete information)
                     
  Le Travail Manuel a L'ecole Primaire by M. Coste et J. Lapassade, 1887 (incomplete information)     Jeux de pliages by Ferdinand Krch, 1933 (incomplete information)     Article about Akira Yoshizawa in Reader's Digest Magazine by Leland Stowe, 1970
                     
  Historia de Unas Pajaritas de Papel by Miguel de Unamuno, 1888     Origami-Kyohon by Michio Uchiyama, 1933 (incomplete information)     More Origami by Robert Harbin, 1971
                     
  Royal Gifts for the Kindergarten by Frances Post Van Norstrand and Alice H Putnam, 1888     Apuntes Para un Tratado de Cocotologia by Miguel de Unamuno, 1934 Revised Edition     Origami 3 by Robert Harbin, 1972
                     
  L'Enseignement Manuel et Expérimental by Rene Leblanc, 1888-1891 (incomplete information)     Origami Moyo, Book One, by Kawarazaki Kodo, 1935 (not yet fully integrated)     Origami Step by Step by Robert Harbin, 1974
                     
  La Science Pratique by Gaston Tissandier, 1889     Origami Moyo, Book Two, by Kawarazaki Kodo, 1935 (not yet fully integrated)     Utsukushii Origami (Beautiful Origami) by Akira Yoshizawa, 1974
                     
  Jeux et Travaux Enfantins: Le Monde en Papier by Marie Koenig and Albert Durand, 1889 (incomplete information)     Allerlei Papierarbeiten by Hilde Wulff , 1936 (incomplete information)     Have Fun with Origami by Robert Harbin, 1975
                     
        Paper Toy Making by Margaret Campbell, 1937     Origami 4 by Robert Harbin, 1977
                     
        Papirolas - Tratado de Papiroflexia by Vicente Solorzano Sagredo, 1938 (incomplete information)     Meditations on a Waterbomb by Kenneth M Kawamura, 1977 (not yet fully integrated)
                     
        Fun with Paper by Joseph Leeming, 1939 (incomplete information)