Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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The Froebelian Occupation of Verschnuren (Interlacing)
 
Verschnuren (Interlacing) is one of the Froebelian occupations, most probably invented by Froebel himself, in which flat geometric figures are created by folding and interweaving one or more paper strips . Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

I have not made a detailed study of this occupation or an analysis of where and when the various forms appear.

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1859

The earliest explanation of this occupation, here called 'L'Entrelacement', that I know of can be found in 'Manuel pratique des jardins d'enfants de Frédéric Froebel', which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published by F Claassen in Brussells and L Hachette and Cie in Paris in 1859.

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The occupation also appears:

1861

In 'Das Paradies der Kindheit' (The Paradise of Childhood) by Lina Morgenstern, which was published in Leipzig in 1861.

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1863

In 'De Kleine Papierwerkers: Volume 2: Wat men uit strookjes papier al vlechten kan' which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863. A single flat figure folded from strips is pictured but not mentioned in the text.

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1869

In 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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In 'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869

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1873

In 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.

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1874

In 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874.

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1879

In 'Manual Teorico-Practico de Educacion Parvulos' by D Pedro de Alcantara Garcia, which was published in Madrid by the Imprenta del Colegio Nacional de Sordo-mudos y de Ciegos in 1879.

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1882

In Part 2 of 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published by E. Steiger and Company in New York in 1882, where it is called 'Interlacing Proper'.

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1887

In part 2 of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887.

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1889

In 'Royal Gifts for the Kindergarten' by Frances Post Van Norstrand and Alice H Putnam, which was published by the Standard Publishing Company in Chicago in 1889.

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1903

In 'La Ensenanza del Trabajo Manuel' by Pedro de Alcántara García and Teodosio Leal y Quiroga, which was published in Madrid in 1903.

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1909

In 'Petit Manuel de Travaux d'Amateurs' by H de Graffigny, which was published by Collection A L Guyot in Paris in 1909

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1914

In 'El Trabajo Manual en la Escuela' by Félix Martí Alpera, which was published by Libreria de los Sucesores de Hernando in Madrid in 1914.

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1940

'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940 contains a page showing specimen designs of this type.

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