Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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Froebelian Folds of Life developed from the Double Blintz basic form and the Windmill Base
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the history of Froebelian Folds of Life developed from the Double Blintz basic form and the Windmill Base, which share the same crease pattern. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

Designs developed from the Double Blintz basic form:

The history of two of these designs, the Salt Cellar and the Pepperpot, can be found on a separate page.

The Crown

This design first appears, as 'The King's Crown' in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Queen's Crown

This variation of the Crown first appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Travel Bag

As far as I know this design first occurs in the historical record, under the name 'Le sac de voyage' in a list of paperfolds suitable for use in kindergartens, on the Froebelian model, in the book 'Manual Pratique des Jardins d'Enfants de Freidrich Froebel' edited by J-F Jacobs, which was published in Brussels and Paris in 1859.

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The Travel Bag (Het reistaschje) is illustrated in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers' by Elise Van Calcar which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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This design (here called the Portmanteau) also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Flat Flower

The Flat Flower (De bloem) is illustrated in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers' by Elise Van Calcar which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Half Closed Flower

This design, which is developed from the Salt-Cellar, appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Open Flower

This design, which is developed from the Pepperpot, appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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Designs developed from the Windmill Base:

The Kite

The Kite (Le cerf-volant) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

The (uncut) Windmill

There are (at least) two entirely different folded paper windmill designs. To distinguish between them I call them the Cut and Fold Windmill and the (uncut) Windmill. There is a separate page recording the history of the Cut and Fold Windmill.

In his article 'History of Origami in the East and the West before Interfusion', published in 'Origami 5: Fifth International Meeting of Origami, Science, Mathematics and Education', Koshiro Hatori asserts that, ''Many of the European origami models contained in Krause-Boelte's book (ie 'The Kindergarten Guide', published in 1881) are not included in contemporary Japanese records. The pig, house, sofa (also known as piano or organ), balloon (waterbomb), arrow (paper plane), salt cellar (cootie catcher), bird (pajarita or cocotte) and windmill ... were all born in Europe and imported into Japan along with the kindergarten system.' An accompanying illustration shows that this statement refers to the uncut design.

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The list of paper folding designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859, includes a 'moulin à vent'. From its position in the list it can be inferred that this is the (uncut) Windmill.

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'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863, contains a drawing of 'de molen'. This is clearly an (uncut) Windmill.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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'Froebel's Occupations', written by Kate Douglas Wiggin and Nora Archibald Smith and published by Houghton, Mifflin and Company, of Boston and New York in 1896 includes the observation 'In the firelit winter evenings, before the days of the useful (and ugly) match, our grandmothers folded dainty lamplighters ... and when the pretty work was over, marvellous paper boats and boxes and windmills were fashioned for the expectant audience. Many times in the quiet home-life of the German peasant Froebel ... saw parents and children united in this simple art ...' Unfortunately we cannot know which design of paper windmill is being referred to here.

The Table

The Table appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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The earliest known illustration of this design is found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Table Cloth

This design, which is very similar to the table, first appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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Grandmamma's Reticule

This design first appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

The Cigar Case

The Cigar Case (Le portes-cigares) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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The earliest known illustration of this design is found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Boat with Sail

The Boat with Sail (Le vaisseau à voiles) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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The earliest known illustration of this design is found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Vase

The Vase (Le pot à fleurs) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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The earliest known illustration of this design is found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Cocotte / Pajarita

This page only records the history of the Cocotte / Pajarita within the Froebelian tradition. A more detailed account of the history of this design can be found here.

The Cocotte / Pajarita (L'oiseau) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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An illustration can be found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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This design also appears, as the 'Bird', in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Duck

This design first appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York. It is made by folding the front feet of the Pajarita away inside the design.

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The Bat

This design first appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Double Boat

The Double Boat (Le double bateau) appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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The earliest known illustration of this design is found in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

The Boat with Fishbox

The Boat with Fishbox (La barque du pécheur), which is developed from the Double Boat, appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Portfolio

The Portfolio, which is developed from the Boat with Fishbox, appears as 'Le double réservoir pour les poissons' or 'double tanks for fish' in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears as 'The Double Fishbox or Pair of Panniers for a Donkey' in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Squid

The Squid (De inktvisch) first appears in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Cup and Saucer

The Cup and Saucer (De kop en schotel) first appears in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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The Open Box

The Open Box appears as 'La grande boite' in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears as 'The Large, Square Box' in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Picture Frame

The Picture Frame (Le cadre), which is made by flattening the Big Box, appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Solid Box

The Solid Box (La boite solide), which is an un-unfoldable design developed from the Big Box, appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears as 'The Firm Box' in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Mirror

The Mirror (Le miroir), which is made by folding two sides of the Picture Frame backwards, appears in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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This design also appears as 'The Looking Glass' in 'The Kindergarten Guide' by Maria Kraus Boelte and John Kraus, which was published in 1877 by E. Steiger and Company in New York.

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The Gondola

The history of the Gondola and its close relative the Chinese Junk is recorded on a separate page..