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The Boat with Sail / Cradle with Hood / Oil Lamp
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of the origami design generally known as the Boat with Sail but sometimes also as the Cradle with Hood or the Oil Lamp. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

This design is not always interpreted as a boat. In 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904, for instance it is referred to as 'Cuna' (Cradle) and in 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939 as 'El candil' (The Oil Lamp).

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In Japan

In his article 'History of Origami in the East and the West before Interfusion', published in 'Origami 5: Fifth International Meeting of Origami, Science, Mathematics and Education' in 2011, Koshiro Hatori asserts that, ''Many of the European origami models contained in Krause-Boelte's book (ie 'The Kindergarten Guide') are not included in contemporary Japanese records. The pig, house, sofa (also known as piano or organ), balloon (waterbomb), arrow (paper plane), salt cellar (cootie catcher), bird (pajarita or cocotte) and windmill ... were all born in Europe and imported into Japan along with the kindergarten system.' This is also truye of the Boast with Sail design.

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1878

The earliest publication in Japan that I am aware of is in a publication issued in 1878 by the kindergarten of the Tokyo Women's Normal School.

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In Western Europe / USA

1832

The earliest appearance of the Boat with Sail that I know of is in Issue 110 of the French satirical magazine 'La Caricature', which was published on 13th December 1832. The cartoon by Grandville also includes two pictures of Double Boats and a parade of Cocottes, apparently advancing to attack a toy village. My thanks to Jaume Coll Guerrero for this information.

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1841/2

Another drawing by Grandville, from his series 'albums de la vie privée et publique des animaux dessinés' and which can therefore be dated to either 1841 or 1842, shows a Boat with Sail along with two Cocottes. From the collection of Paris Musees.

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The Boat with Sail also appears:

1859

As 'Le vaisseau à voiles' in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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1863

As 'Het zeilschip' (the sailing ship) in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers 1: Wat men van een stukje papier al maken kan: Het vouwen' (The Small Paperwork 1: What one can make from a piece of paper: Folding) by Elise Van Calcar, which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1869

A design called 'Ein Seegelboot', which is not illustrated, but which from the context is most probably the Boat with Sail, appears in a list of designs in 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869, and is effectively a translation of Goldammer's 'Der Kindergarten', similarly includes 'a sail boat' in its list of Forms of Life.

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1873

As 'Gegelboot', in two different versions, in 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.

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1874

The third edition of 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874, mentions, but does not picture, a design titled 'Das Segelboot (the sailing boat). From the context this is probably the Boat with Sail.

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1876

In 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was first published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876 ...

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1877

As 'Sailing Boat' in 'Kindergarten Practice' by Mary Gurney, which is a substantially abridged version, in two parts, of 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler. The second part, 'Froebel's Plane Surfaces', contains sections dealing with paper folding, cutting and weaving. The date of the first edition is not known. The second edition was published in 1877 in London by A N Myers and Co.

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As 'Gegelboot' in part 2 'Die Praxis' of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887.

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1880

In 'The Kindergarten Principle' by Mary J Lyschinska, which was published in London in 1880 by Wm Isbister Ltd.

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1891

In 'Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers' by Maggie Browne, which was published by Cassell and Company in London in 1891. This book is an English version of 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' enhanced by the addition of a few extra designs.

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1893

As 'Berceau avec son Rideau' (Cradle with Hood) in 'L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel' by M P Martin, which was published by Armand Collin & Cie in Paris in 1893.

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1894

As 'Le bateau avec une voile' in 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894.

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1895

In Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding' was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

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As 'Einen Kahn mit Hauschen' (boat with little house) in 'Der Kindergarten' by A S Fischer, which was published by Alfred Holder in Wien in 1895.

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1899

As 'Le Bateau a Cabine' in Le Livre des Amusettes' by Toto, which was published in Paris by Charles Mendel in 1899.

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1900

In 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900.

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1904

As 'Cuna' (Cradle) in 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904.

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1907

A design called 'Candil' (oil lamp) is mentioned, but not illustrated, in an article titled 'El trabajo manual escolar' by Vicente Casto Legua in the January 1907 issue of the Spanish magazine 'La Escuela Moderna' which was published in Madrid by Los Sucesores de Hernando. This design is almost certainly the Boat with Sail, or a close relative of it. About this design the article says, roughly, 'To complete the lamp add a paper or cardboard tape in the form of a handle or hanger.'

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1928

In 'Fun with Paperfolding' by William D Murray and Francis J Rigney, which was published by the Fleming H Revell Company, New York in 1928.

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1936

In 'Paper Toy Making' by Margaret Campbell, which was first published by Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd in London, probably in 1937, although both the Foreword and Preface are dated 1936, which argues that the book was complete at that date.

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1939

As 'El candil y la gondola' (The Oil Lamp and the Boat) in 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939.

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1940

As 'Bote Chino' in 'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940.

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'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940, also contains a second version of this design, 'La Cuna' (The Cradle) in which the flaps to the left of the hood have been tucked away inside the design.

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1956

As 'The Boat in Full Sail' in 'Paper Magic' by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne in London in 1956, as part of the 'Multiform' sequence.

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