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Last updated 27/2/2024

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The Boat with Sail / Trick Boat
 
This page is being used to collect information about the history of the paperfolding design known as the Boat with Sail, or the Trick Boat. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

Note that this design is not always interpreted as a boat. In 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904, for instance it is referred to as 'Cuna' (Cradle) and in 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939 as 'El candil' (The Oil Lamp).

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In China (and in publications by Chinese authors)

1914

Diagrams for this design appear in 'Zhe zhi tu shuo' (Illustrated Paperfolding), compiled by Gui Shaolie, which was published by the Commercial Press in Shanghai in Ming guo 3 (1914).

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1917

The Boat with Sail design also appears in 'Xu Zhe zhi tu shuo' (More Illustrated Paperfolding) by Yongxiang Shi, which was published by the Commercial Press in Shanghai in 1917 but here it is interpreted as a 'Horse's Head'.

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In Japan (and in publications by Japanese authors)

1878

The Boat with Sail is pictured in 'Yochien Ombutsu No Zu', a publication of kindergarten material issued by the Tokyo Women's Normal School in 1878.

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1891

This print from 1891, titled 'Orimono', from the series 'Fujin Fuoku Zukushi' (The Manners and Customs of Ladies) shows a woman folding a tsutsumi (formal wrapper for flowers). Two Paper Cranes appear above the cartouche and two other paperfolds are partially concealed behind it. The yellow one appears to be a Boat with Sail.

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1893

The Boat with Sail appears as part of a 'Transforming Ship' sequence in 1893 in volume 5 issue 21 of 'Shokokumin' children's magazine.

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1894

The Boat with Sail also appears, under the name 'Hokake' (bune) in 1894 in issue 12 of the Japanese children's magazine 'Shokokumin'.

1903

Diagrams for the Boat with Sail appear in 'Jinjo Kouto Shogaku Shuko Seisakuzu' (Handicrafts for ordinary higher elementary schools) by Hideyoshi Okayama, which was published by Rokushiro Uehara in Tokyo in 1903.

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1905

A picture of the design appears in 'Shukouka Kyohon : Liron Jishuu Souga Setsumei' by Kikujiro Kiuchi, Rokushiro Uehara and Hideyoshi Okayama, which was published by Shigebei Takase in Chiba in 1905.

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A drawing of the design also appears in 'Shukoka Kyoju Saian' by Gentaro Tanahashi and Hideyoshi Okayama, which was published by Hobunkan in Tokyo in 1905.

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1907

Diagrams appear in 'Shukou Tebikigusa : Kokumin Kyoiku Origami Yuihimo' by Ishin Nishigaki, which was published by Meguro Shoten in Nagaoka in 1907.

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1908

Diagrams that show how to convert the Warship into the Boat with Sail appear in 'Origami zusetsu' (Illustrated Origami) by Sano Shozo, which was published in Tokyo in 1908.

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1912

A drawing of the Boat with Sail appears in a monozukushi-e print, by an unknown artist, but said to be from the Meiji era. I have temporarily assigned it the date of 1912, the last year of that era, pending the discovery of more accurate information.

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1935

'Origami Moyo, Book Two' by Kawarazaki Kodo, which was published in Japan in 1935, contains a print showing the Boat with Sail.

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1959

The Boat with Sail also appears as 'A Sailboat' in 'Pocket Guide to Origami: Bow-Wow Book', by Isao Honda, which was published by the Asahi Origami Club, Tokyo in 1959. The accompanying instructions also explain how it can be used as a Trick Boat.

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1965

This design also appears, as 'Sailboat', in 'The World of Origami' by Isao Honda, which was published in the USA by Japan Publications Trading Company in 1965.

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The design appears as 'Ship A' in 'Origami in the Classroom: Book 1: Activities for autumn through Christmas' by Chiyo Araki, which was published by Charles E Tuttle Co Inc in 1965.

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In Europe and the Americas

1832

The earliest appearance of the Boat with Sail that I know of is in Issue 110 of the French satirical magazine 'La Caricature', which was published on 13th December 1832. The cartoon by Grandville also includes two pictures of Double Boats and a parade of Cocottes, apparently advancing to attack a toy village. My thanks to Jaume Coll Guerrero for this information.

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1841/2

Another drawing by Grandville, from his series 'albums de la vie privée et publique des animaux dessinés' and which can therefore be dated to either 1841 or 1842, shows a Boat with Sail along with two Cocottes. From the collection of Paris Musees.

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The Boat with Sail also appears:

1858

In this illustration by Anais Toudouze in le 'Journal des Enfants et Conseiller des Enfants', said to date from 1858.

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1859

As 'Le vaisseau à voiles' in a list of designs in the 'Manuel Pratique de Jardins D'Enfants de Friedrich Froebel, which was compiled by J F Jacobs and published in Brussells and Paris in 1859.

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1863

As 'Het zeilschip' (the sailing ship) in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers 1: Wat men van een stukje papier al maken kan: Het vouwen' (The Small Paperwork 1: What one can make from a piece of paper: Folding) by Elise Van Calcar, which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1869

A design called 'Ein Seegelboot', which is not illustrated, but which from the context is most probably the Boat with Sail, appears in a list of designs in 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Habel in Berlin in 1869.

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'Paradise of Childhood' by Edward Wiebe, which was published by Milton, Bradley and Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1869, and is effectively a translation of Goldammer's 'Der Kindergarten', similarly includes 'a sail boat' in its list of Forms of Life.

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1873

As 'Gegelboot', in two different versions, in 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler, which was published by Herman Bohlau in Weimar in 1873.

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In 'Bilder aus dem Kindergarten fur Mutter und Erzhieherrinen' by Ernst Barth, which was published in Leipzig in 1873.

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1874

The third edition of 'Der Kindergarten' by Hermann Goldammer, which was published by Carl Babel in Berlin in 1874, mentions, but does not picture, a design titled 'Das Segelboot (the sailing boat). From the context this is probably the Boat with Sail.

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1876

In 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' by E Barth and W Niederley, which was first published in Bielefeld and Leipzig, and the foreword of which is dated October 1876 ...

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1877

As 'Sailing Boat' in 'Kindergarten Practice' by Mary Gurney, which is a substantially abridged version, in two parts, of 'Die Praxis Des Kindergartens' by Auguste Koehler. The second part, 'Froebel's Plane Surfaces', contains sections dealing with paper folding, cutting and weaving. The date of the first edition is not known. The second edition was published in 1877 in London by A N Myers and Co.

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As 'Gegelboot' in part 2 'Die Praxis' of 'Theoretisches und praktisches Handbuch der Fröbelschen Erziehungslehre' by Bertha von Marentholtz-Bülow, which was published by George H Wigand in Kassel in 1887.

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1880

In 'The Kindergarten Principle' by Mary J Lyschinska, which was published in London in 1880 by Wm Isbister Ltd.

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1891

In 'Pleasant Work for Busy Fingers' by Maggie Browne, which was published by Cassell and Company in London in 1891. This book is an English version of 'Des Kindes Erste Beschaftigungsbuch' enhanced by the addition of a few extra designs.

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1893

As 'Berceau avec son Rideau' (Cradle with Hood) in 'L'Annee Preparatoire de Travail Manuel' by M P Martin, which was published by Armand Collin & Cie in Paris in 1893.

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In 'Practical Suggestions for Kindergartners, Primary Teachers and Mothers' by Jeannette R Gregory, which was published by C B Woodward and Co in St Louis in 1893.

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In 'Paper and Scissors in the Schoolroom' by Emily Weaver, which was published by Milton Bradley Company in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1893.

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1894

As 'Le bateau avec une voile' in 'Jeux et Occupations Pour les Petits: Guide des Mères et des Institutrices' by Henriette Suzanne Brés was published by Librairie Classique Fernand Nathan in Paris in 1894.

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1895

In Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding' was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

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As 'Einen Kahn mit Hauschen' (boat with little house) in 'Der Kindergarten' by A S Fischer, which was published by Alfred Holder in Wien in 1895.

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1896

In 'The Kindergarten System Explained' by Ada S Ballin and Elinor A Welldon was published by F L Ballin in London in 1896.

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1899

As 'Le Bateau a Cabine' in Le Livre des Amusettes' by Toto, which was published in Paris by Charles Mendel in 1899.

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1900

In 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900.

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1904

As 'Cuna' (Cradle) in 'Guia Practica del Trabajo Manual Educativo' by Ezequiel Solana, which was published by Editorial Magisterio Español in Madrid in 1904.

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1907

A design called 'Candil' (oil lamp) is mentioned, but not illustrated, in an article titled 'El trabajo manual escolar' by Vicente Casto Legua in the January 1907 issue of the Spanish magazine 'La Escuela Moderna' which was published in Madrid by Los Sucesores de Hernando. This design is almost certainly the Boat with Sail, or a close relative of it. About this design the article says, roughly, 'To complete the lamp add a paper or cardboard tape in the form of a handle or hanger.'

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1910

As 'Sail Boat' in 'Educational Handwork' by T B Kidner, which was published by The Educational Book Company Limited in Toronto in 1910.

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As 'A Boat with a Saloon Cabin' in 'Handicraft in the School', which was issued in four volumes by Gresham Publishing in London in 1910. Note this book includes an explanation of the Trick Boat effect.

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1915

'Occupational Therapy: A Manual for Nurses' by William Rush Dunton, which was published by the W B Saunders Company in Philadelphia and London in 1915, contains instructions for folding a 'chicken' and turning it into a 'sail-boat'.

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1918

As 'Vapor' (presumably a reference to an oil lamp) in 'Ciencia Recreativa' by Jose Estralella, which was published by Gustavo Gili in Barcelona in 1918. No illustration provided.

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1928

In 'Fun with Paperfolding' by William D Murray and Francis J Rigney, which was published by the Fleming H Revell Company, New York in 1928.

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c1929

As 'Barca de vela' in booklet 1 of 'Trabajos Manuales Salvatella - Plegado de figuras de papel', which were published by Editorial Miguel A Salvatera in Barcelona, pobably in or around 1929.

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1936

In 'Paper Toy Making' by Margaret Campbell, which was first published by Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Ltd in London, probably in 1937, although both the Foreword and Preface are dated 1936, which argues that the book was complete at that date.

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As 'Schiff' in 'Allerlei Papierarbeiten' by Hilde Wulff and Carola Babick, which was published in Leipzig and Berlin in 1936.

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1939

As 'El candil y la gondola' (The Oil Lamp and the Boat) in 'El Mundo de Papel' by Dr Nemesio Montero, which was published by G Miranda in Edicions Infancia in Valladolid in 1939.

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1939

As 'A Sailboat' in 'Fun with Paper' by Joseph Leeming, which was published by Spencer Press Inc in Chicago in 1939.

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1940

As 'Bote Chino' in 'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940.

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'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940, also contains a second version of this design, 'La Cuna' (The Cradle) in which the flaps to the left of the hood have been tucked away inside the design.

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1951

As 'Candil' in 'Papiroflexia' by Elias Gutierrez Gil, which was self-published in 1951.

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1956

As 'The Boat in Full Sail' in 'Paper Magic' by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne in London in 1956, as part of the 'Multiform' sequence.

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1964

Vol 4: Issue 3 of 'The Origamian' for Autumn 1964 contains an article about 'An Origami Trick' ie the Trick Boat.

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The Boat with Sail design appears, as part of the Multiform sequence, in 'Secrets of Origami', by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne Book Company in London in 1964.

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A Boat with Sail, folded by T Saito, was included in the artist's book 'Fluxus 1' which was edited and published by George Macunias in 1964.

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