The Public Paperfolding History Project

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The Paperfolding of Robert E Neale
 

(This page started out as a bibliography of Robert Neale's origami designs and magical effects and is in the process of being turned into a page of a more biographical nature.)

British Origami is the magazine of the British Origami Society (BOS). Le Pli is the magazine of Mouvement Français des Plieurs de Papier (MFPP). Orison and Minori are magazines of Origami Society Netherlands (OSN).

Introduction

Robert Edward Neale was born on June 23rd 1929 in Mt Clemens, Michigan..

Chronology

1958

Neale has said that he began paperfolding in this year (see entry for 1964 below).

On 27th June 1958 Meyer Berger's 'About New York' column in the New York Times featured Lillian Oppenheimer and her love of paperfolding. The column was titled 'Origami, the Ancient Art of Paper-Folding, has Gramercy Square Disciple.' It mentioned Robert Neil (sic), Chaplain at Bellevue Hospital.

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In Vol 1, Issue 2 of the Origamian, which was published in November 1958, there is a list of the people Lillian Oppenheimer has made 'Honorary Members' of the Origami Center, which includes, inter alia, the name Robert Neal (sic).

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1959

According to the exhibition catalogue, Neale contributed a number of designs to the 'Plane Geometry and Fancy Figures' exhibition held at the Cooper Union Museum in New York in the Summer of 1959:

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1962

'The Origamiian' Vol 2: Issue 4 of Autumn 1962 mentions that 'At the October meeting Bob Neale came down and showed us his amazing new base; from a square he produces nine points, and this with no cutting.'

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1963

Vol 3: Issue 4 of the Origamian for Winter 1963/4 contains a report on the second 'Annual Get-together' mentioning Robert Neale's 'Bunny Bill' design:

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'The Best of Origami' by Samuel Randlett, which was published by E P Dutton in New York in 1963 and by Faber and Faber Ltd in London in 1964, contained the following biographical details:

And diagrams for a number of Neale's original designs:

Thurber Dog

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Whale

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Joseph

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Mary

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Baby

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Bat

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1964

Neale's 'Bunny Bill', was first published by Magic, Inc., of Chicago in 1964.

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Vol 4: Issue 4 of 'The Origamian' for Winter 1964 contains a report on the Second Origami Convention by Alice Gray, which mentions some new designs by Neale:

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'Secrets of Origami', by Robert Harbin, which was published by Oldbourne Book Company in London, also in 1964, contained diagrams for a number of Neale's designs:

Watchful Dog

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Neale's Elephant

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Giraffe

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Flamingo

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Bull (three-legged)

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Matador

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Goose

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Gorilla

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Parakeet in Flight

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Neale's Humming Bird

From an equilateral triangle

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Neale's Cobra

From an isosceles triangle

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1965

In Mentalwise, November 1965, Vol. 3, No. 3 - Tip on Remoto

In Ibidem, December 1965, No. 31 - Sensually Stacked

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1966

Bunny One-Cut - Chicago: Magic, Inc.,

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Volume 6, Issue 4 of 'The Origamian' for Winter 1966 contains an article about the Fourth Annual American Origami Convention, which, reported that:

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1967

In Epilogue, November 1967, No. 1 - TV Puzzle

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1968

Vol 8 Issue 3 of 'The Origamian' for Autumn 1968 contains a profile of Bob Neale as a paperfolder written by Alice Gray:

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Thesame issue also contains an article, 'Crow Puppet Impromptu Routine' by Robert E Neale, said to be an excerpt from his unpublished work 'Charley Crow, A Folding Paper Puppet', and.diagrams for:

Charley Crow alias Crodini

(The eyes are created with a hole punch)

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2-part Octohedron (sic)

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In Folding Money Volume Two - ed. Samuel Randlett - Magic, Inc., Chicago – contains Star / Money Talks / Flipover Frog / Crown / Bikini Trunks / Bikini Bra

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In Flapping Bird Issue 1:

Owl

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Horrors

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In Flapping Bird Issue 2:

Sixfold Ornament (6-part modular)

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Salt Substitute(6-part modular)

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In Epilogue, March 1968, No. 2 -  Stretchit

In Epilogue, November 1968, No. 4 - Pyramid One

In Pallbearers Review, June 1968, Vol. 3, No. 8 - The Hanging

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1969

Vol 9: Issue 4 of 'The Origamian' for Winter 1969 contains a letter from Samuel Randlett commenting on Adolpho Cerceda's letter in Vol 9, issue 3, which mentions a Crab design by Neale:

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In Flapping Bird Issue 5:

 Dragon

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In Flapping Bird Issue 7:

Piglet

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In Flapping Bird Issue 9:

Twist

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Tryst

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 Indian Sign

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In Epilogue, March & July, 1969, Nos. 5 & 6 - Pyramid Two

In New Pentagram, August 1969, Vol. 1, No. 6 - For Richer, for Poorer / One More River (with Jack Avis and Peter Warlock)

In New Pentagram, October 1969, Vol. 1, No. 8 - Flexaface

In Pallbearers Review, December 1969, Vol. 5, No. 2 - Roulette (with Karl Fulves)

In New Pentagram, December 1969, Vol. 1, No. 10 – Handling (with Jack Avis)

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1970

In Vol 10 issues 2, 3 and 4 of The Origamian (but actually just one publication) - editor Alice Gray - The Origami Center - issue largely devoted to An Origami Puppet Theatre by Robert Neale.

In Epilogue, July 1970, No. 9 – Inside Out Junior

In Pallbearers Review, June 1970, Vol. 5 - Infernal Machine

In Second Supplement to Faro and Riffle Techniques -  Karl Fulves - Teaneck, N. J – Infernal Machine

In Pallbearers Review, Winter Extra - More Lies

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In Flapping Bird Issue 12:

Pinwheel (single sheet design developed from Samuel Randlett's 'Purse'

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1971

Trans-Actions - Chicago: Magic, Inc.,

In Epilogue, March 1971, No. 11 - An Illusion

In New Pentagram, July 1971, Vol. 3, No. 3 - Pass It On / On The Magic Birthday Square

In Pallbearers Review, August 1971, Vol. 6, No. 10 -  Through and Through

In Scientific American, May 1971, Vol. 224, No. 5 in Mathematical Games column ed. Martin Gardner – Cross Flexagon / Sheep and Goats / Beelzebub. Solutions in the June 1971 issue.

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1972

In Flapping Bird Issue 18:

Vice Versa

Described as 'a kind of harlequin Salt Cellar that has been turned back upon itself'.

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In New Pentagram, February 1972, Vol. 3, No. 12 - Stretchit / Inside Out

In Pallbearers Review, February 1972, Vol. 8,  No. 4 - Fold, Cut, and Fail / Number Hummer / New Hunter Knot / End Game (aka Three Coin Monte)

In Epilogue, March 1972, No. 14 - New Age Cards

In Pallbearers Review, June 1972, Vol. 8, No. 8 - The Two Guns

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1973

In Origami Toys - ed. Toshie  Takahama - Tokyo: Shufunotomo Co., Ltd., - Finger Puppets

Nova I-VI (series of kits) - Highland Park, Illinois: Benassi Enterprises.

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1974

In the Flapping Bird Issue 20:

Sailboat (dollar bill fold)

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In Pallbearers Review, February 1974, Vol. 9, No. 4 - In the Mirror (with Karl Fulves).

In Pallbearers Review, August 1974, Vol. 9, No. 10 - Five Second Rice

In Pallbearers Review, September 1974, Vol. 9, No. 11 - A Trick with Sandpaper

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1975

In British Origami 54 – Star Pattern/Frisbee

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1976

In British Origami 56 – Harlequin Mask

In New York Times Magazine, October 24 1976 - The Mouth that Roared.

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1977

In The Magic of Origami - eds. Alice Gray & Kunihiko Kasahara - Tokyo: Japan Publications contains Octahedron / Sixfold Ornament / Ring-Pinwheel.

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1978

In Magic with Origami - Ray Bolt - British Origami Society Booklet 9 - contains: Sheep and Goats / Flexaface / Stretchit.

In Flexagons – Paul Jackson - British Origami Society Booklet 11 – contains Cross Flexagon and Ring Flexagon (not actually a flexagon but a single piece rolling ring).

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1979

In Games, November-December 1979, Vol. 3, No. 6, Issue 14 - The Devil's Fold (aka Beelzebub)

In Mad Magic n° 20, March 1979 - Bunny Bill

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1982

In Origami Games - Paul Jackson / Mick Guy - British Origami Society Booklet 17 - contains Frisbee.

In Games, November 1982, Vol. 6, No. 7, Issue 33 - The Temple of Hanoi

In Origami Christmas Tree Decorations - Paul Jackson - British Origami Society Booklet 20 – contains a 2-part harlequin decoration and 6-part Skeletal Octahedron (but attributed to Seiryo Takegawa in error).

In BOS Convention Pack Autumn 1982 – Ball unit

In Origami USA Convention Booklet 1982 – Origami USA – Thurber Dog

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1983

In Wheels, Life, and Other Mathematical Amusements - Martin Gardner - New York: W. H. Freeman & Co.,- Tetraflexagon Puzzle / Sheep and Goats / Beelzebub / Impossible Playing Card

In Robert Neale's Trapdoor Card - ed. Karl Fulves - Teaneck, N. J. - Streamlined Trapdoor / Submarine Card / Impossible Playing Card

In Self-Working Number Tricks - Karl Fulves – New York: Dover Publications, Inc., - The Two Guns/ New Age Cards

In Origami USA Convention Booklet 1983 – New York: Friends of the Origami Center of America - Dragon.

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1984

In Origami Convention Booklet 1984 - New York: Friends of the Origami Center of America/ - Why the Bat Dances

In Games, June 1984, Vol. 8, No. 6, Issue 52 - Three Coin Monte (aka End Game)

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1985

In Self-Working Paper Magic – Karl Fulves – Dover Publications – ISBN 0780486248479 – contains Confetti / The Trapdoor / TV Puzzle / Inside Out / Stretchit / Flexible Transpo / Stretch A Bill / Shortchange Wallet / The Con Artist.

In The Magic of Origami – Alice Gray and Kunihiko Kasahara – Japan Publications – SBN 9780870406249 - contains: Magic Star / Octahedron

In Contemporary Money Magic No 5 - ed Karl Fulves - Stretch A Bill / The Con Artist Routine / Short Change Wallet

In Omni, June 1985, Vol. 7, No. 9 – Impossible Playing Card

Six Card Swindle: A Con Game for Magical Demonstration Purposes - Oakland: Jeff Busby Magic, Inc.,

More on the Six Card Swindle - Oakland California, Jeff Busby Magic, Inc.,

In Pajarita Especial 1985 Pliar 85 - AEP - Dragon

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1986

In Contemporary Rope Magic, Vol. III - ed. Karl Fulves - Teaneck, N. J. - Off the Barrelhead

In Le Pli 27, Dragon

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1987

The Flapping Bird (Anthology of magazines published between 1968 – 1976) – ed Jay Marshall – Origami USA – ISBN 978B000LXQVW2 – Contains: Owl / Horrors / Sixfold Ornament / Salt Substitute / Dragon / Pig / Twist / Tryst / Indian Sign /Pinwheel / Vice Versa / Sailboat.

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1988

In Models by Members of the Friends of the Origami Center of America – Origami USA – contains:  Wallet

In Dutch Origami Convention Book Hoorn 1988 – OSN – Magic Star

In Noa Magazine 271 – NOA – Magic Star

In Origami Omnibus – Kunihiko Kasahara – Japan Publications - ISBN 9784817090010 – Contains: Ornament

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1989

In Origami El Mundo Nuevo – Kunihiko Kasahara – Sanrio – ISBN 9784387892540 – contains: Magic Star / Ornament

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1990

In Der Falter 3 (the magazine of Origami Deutschland) – Dodecahedron.

In Creative Life with Creative Origami 2 – Toshie Takahama – Macaw / Dog.

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1991

Tricks of the Imagination – contains inter alia: Hat Trick (a presentation for Sheep and Goats), Love Story (a presentation for a variant of Sheep and Goats that produces different shapes).

In British Origami Magazine 147 – Rocket Ship.

In The Paper 39 – Origami USA – Rocket Ship.

In Le Pli 48 - Presse-papier (10-part modular star)

In BOS Convention Pack Autumn 1991 – Elephant / Scottie.

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1992

In Practical and Decorative Origami - Jay Ansill - Cassell - ISBN0304341479 - contains Ingenious Letter Fold / modules for Penultimate and Star modular systems

In Origami Monsters and Mythical Beings – Jay Ansill – Cassell – 9780304341481 – contains: Dragon / Ouroboros / Wizard and Witch

In BOS Convention Pack Autumn 1992 – contains: Module Star / Tube to Cube

In British Origami 152 - Neale’s Butterfly: A Poor Man’s Creation of Life

In Le Pli 50 - Scottie

In Origami USA Convention Book 1992 – Origami USA – Contains: Scottie

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1993

Self-Designing Tetraflexagons - article in 'The Mathemagician and Pied Puzzler - a collection in tribute to Martin Gardner' - Edited by Elwyn Berkelkamp and Tom Rodgers - A R Peters - ISBN 156881075X - considers various ways in which non-twisted flexagons can be constructed from a square divided into a grid of sixteen smaller squares by cutting slits or holes in the centre and/or by removing squares from the grid.

In Origami USA Convention booklet 1993 – New York: Friends of the Origami Center of America - Action Folds.

In The Buck Book – Anne Akers Johnson – Klutz – contains: Jumping Frog.

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1994

Origami Plain and Simple - Robert Neale and Tom Hull - St Martin’s Press - ISBN 9780312105167 - 33 original designs – Frog with a Big Mouth / Holy Shield / Owlet and Family / Simple Fish / Simple Wallet / Elephantis Abstractum / Scottie Dog / Talking Bird / Funky Swan / Cobra / Raven Mask / Somersaulting Frog / ‘Kiss Me’ Greeting Card / Throwing Dart / Pinwheel-Ring-Pinwheel / Ornamental Thingie / Three Wise Men / Sea Serpent / Sunburst / Stabile / The Squared Square (and Cube) / Chess Set / Frog Head with a Big Mouth / Frog with a Big Mouth in Flight / Frog with a Big Mouth, Tongue and Eyes / Elephant Minor / Angel Fish / His Lady’s Voice / De Wabbit Wewised / Bald Eagle / Tesselating Fish / Elephant Major.

In Le ticket replié, MFPP - Bikini Trunks (adapted for Metro ticket)

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1995

Magic and Meaning.  Life, Death and Other Card Tricks - Eugene Burger and Robert E.Neale – promoted as a serious attempt to establish a philosophy of conjuring, one that motivates and vitalizes the performer of mysteries and his performances.

In Bank Origami – Sergei Afonkin – Akim, Russia – contains Butterfly from 2x1

In 3D Geometric Origami – Rona Gurkewitz and Bennett Arnstein – Dover Publications - ISBN 9780486288635 – Contains: Puzzle Cube.

In Pochette Pliages n°1 Billets de banque français, MFPP - Bunny Bill

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1996

In Orison 1996/1 - Vice Versa / Reversible Heart

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1997

In Mathematical Origami - David Mitchell - Tarquin publications - Skeletal Octahedron (6-part).

Folding Money Fooling - Robert E Neale  - Kaufman and Co  - ISBN 978B0006R1OM1- all designs from dollar bills. Contents:  An Economic Comment / Fluttering Butterfly / Puppet Poetry / Billfrog / Perching Parrot / Heart Homily / Crane in Flight / A Boy's Modest Adventure / Crossed Doubly / Seven Clever Bills / Hyperflex / Baffling Bill Braid / Stretch A Bill / Presidential Portrait /Wormo /The Contrary Ones /Snake Basket /Pyramid of Immortality / Bunny Bill / Harris' Bunnies.

In Oru Magazine 16 – Sojusha – Contains: Scottie.

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1998

The Magic of Celebrating Illusion – Book 1 of the Trilogy of Magic – Robert E Neale – Contains:  The Rising and Floating Bill (creased bill seems to move into the air) / A Flexible Space (a folded band of paper appears to change shape) / Mystery Tube (cardboard folded into a tube appears to turn inside out).

In Origami Hats – Sergei Afonkin – Chimia – contains: Hat with Feathers

In - British Origami 189 - Sheep and Goats

In British Origami 190 - Solution to Sheep and Goats

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1999

The Sense of Wonder - Book 2 of the Trilogy of Magic – Robert E Neale – Contains: Framed (cardboard or paper folded into a impossible object) / Through the Eye of a Needle (a camel appears to have done the impossible, passing through the eye of the needle) / The Tortured Bill (a borrowed bill is folded into an impossible object) / Arrow of Good Fortune (a cardboard arrow behaves impossibly, turning upside down but remaining right side up) /Open Book (a cardboard oddity in three different ways) / Easy Reader (a cardboard endless book without a beginning).

In British Origami 195 - Refold (pure origami version of Sheep and Goats)

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2000

An Essay on Magic - Book 3 of the Trilogy of Magic – Robert E Neale – Contains: Which Comes First?

In British Origami 202 - Inside Out

Frog Tales – Robert Neale – H&R Magic Books – shows how to fold frogs from poker cards and do tricks with them.

In Fun Origami World – Makoto Yamaguchi – ISBN 9784391124477 - Scottie

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2001

In Origami - The Complete Guide to the Art of Paperfolding – Rick Beech – Lorenz Books – ISBN 9780754807827 – Magic Star / Scottie.

In Dragons and Dinosaurs – Sergei Afonkin and Elena Afonkina – in Russian – Dragon.

In Origami de Christmas 2 – NOA – Magic Star

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2002

The Magic Mirror – Robert Neale and David Parr – Baffling Borromean Rings / The Last Dream / Counting Scarecrows / Whatsabox / Get Out of Jail Free (topological puzzle).

In Action Origami – Rick Beech – Southwater publications – ISBN 9781842157084 – Magic Star

In Origami USA Convention Booklet 2002 – contains: Crow with Shadow

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2003

In Origami – Easy To Make Creations – Gay Merrill Gross – Metro Books – ISBN 9780760749746 – contains: Magic Star

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2004

In Origami Sourcebook – Jay Ansill – Quarry – 9781592530656 – contains: Dragon / Ingenious Letterfold / Ouroboros / Penultimate and Star modular systems / Wizard and Witch

In The Origami Bible – Nick Robinson – North Light Books – ISBN 9781581805178 – Skeletal Dodecahedron (aka Penultimate Dodecahedron)

In Orison 20/03 – OSN magazine – Inside Out

In Minori 2004/1 - Frog

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2005

In Zoogami – Gay Merrill Gross – Barnes and Noble – ISBN 978B000P8YQD4 – Contains: Owl

In PCOC Play – Origami USA – ISBN 9781496166524 – Why the Bat Dances

In NOA Kessakusen 4 – NOA – ISBN 9784931297104 – Contains: Pinwheel – Ring – Pinwheel

In The Best of Annual Collections 1981-1995 – Origami USA – ISBN 9781496192943 – Contains: Scottie

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2006

Which Came First? A Collection of Magical Designs – Robert Neale – British Origami Society booklet 68 – contains: Stretchit / Minimalist Mistery Mask / Lovebirds Greetings / Want-it Wallet / A Mountain-top Experience / Wide-mouthed Frog / Dreaming Up Genii / Pecking Crow with Shadow / Fishing with Escher / Executive Slinky / Flapping Bird / Secular Prayer Wheel / Which Came First? / Cross Cut /Square Puzzling / Windup Whirly /Action Paper Arrow

DVD Celebration of Sides: The Nonsense World of Robert Neale

In Doctor’s Origami Dream Book – Toshikazu Kawasaki – Asahi – ISBN 9784255003788 – Contains: Spinner 1

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2007

In British Origami 243 – Stretchit

In Minori 2007/3 - Magic Wreath

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2008

This Is Not A Book – Robert Neale – a book of close up magical wonders including: Robin’s Nest / Breaking Bread / The Treasure Hunt / Countermanded / The First Mystery / Bashful Lock / Crossing the Threshold (a topological puzzle and trick) / To the Other Side of No (a topological puzzle and trick) / Fold, Cut and Fail / Wheel of Life (a hexaflexagon that changes shape) / A Very Personal Computer (a tetraflexagon that changes shape) / plus a chapter on developing Hypercard, an exploration of a simply created impossible object.

In Origami Kit for Dummies – Nick Robinson – Wiley – contains Lovebirds (aka Lovebirds Greetings)

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2009

Magic Matters – Robert Neale – contains 11 theoretical essays and 40 new tricks including Only a Paperfolded Rose (presentation for the napkin rose model) / Help is On the Way (newspaper folded and cut into pieces that are combined in different ways to tell a story / Utility Beating Heart Bill (action dollar bill model) / Reversal of Fortune (topological oddity).

The Impossibill Braid

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2010

In World’s Best Origami – Nick Robinson – Alpha Books – ISBN 9781615640539 – Contains: Octahedron / Owl / Party Hat / Squared Square / Squared Square Cube.

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2011

In Building with Butterflies (2nd Edition)- David Mitchell - Water Trade - ISBN 9780953477470 - Robert Neale’s Octahedron.

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2012

In Creased Magazine 11 - Owl

In Halloween Origami – Nick Robinson – Dover Publications – 9780486498737 – contains: Horrors

In Creased Magazine 9 – Big Mouth Frog

In OrigaMIT 2012 Convention Book – Dragon

In Simple Origami as Featured in The New Countesthorpe Herald – British Origami Society – includes: Fish

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2013

In DVD The Origami World of Neal Elias – Dave Venables and Marc Cooman – British Origami Society – contains: Brooch / Bull / Bunny Bill / Dragon / Elephant / Giraffe / Hamster / Horrors / Jack-in-the-Box / Joseph / Mary / Magic Box / Matador / Ornament / Owl / Scottie / Star / Twined Snakes / Whale.

In Don't Fold Under Pressure - David Raynor - British Origami Society - contains: Simple Talking Frog.

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2014

In British Origami Magazine 285 – British Origami Society – Refold (idenified as Sheep and Goats in error).

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2015

In Origami by the Great American Masters – Marc Kirschenbaum – NuiNui – ISBN 978B01HCAOBE9 – contains: Mother and Child

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2016

In British Origami Society Compilation 2016 – British Origami Society – contains: Lovebirds Greeting

In Learning Mathematics with Origami - Tung Ken Lam and Sue Pope - 2016 - Association of Teachers of Mathematics - ISBN 9781898611950 - Skeletal Octahedron.

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2017

At http://www.origamiheaven.com/puzzles.htm - Three in a Row puzzle.

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