Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell

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The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya
 
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of the origami design known as The Squid / Drachen / Pez Raya. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

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1863

As far as I know the Squid first appears, as 'De inktvisch' (the cuttlefish), in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers 1: Wat men van een stukje papier al maken kan: Het vouwen' (The Small Paperwork 1: What one can make from a piece of paper: Folding) by Elise Van Calcar, which was published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863.

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1896

This design is pictured, but not named, in Eleonore Heerwart's 'Course in Paperfolding' was first published in Dutch in 1895 then in English by Charles and Dible in London and Glasgow in 1896.

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1900

Another version of the design appears as 'Drachen' (The Dragon) in 'Die Frobelschen Beschaftigungen: Das Falten' by Marie Muller-Wunderlich, which was published by Friedrich Brandstetter in Leipzig in 1900. It is very similar to the Squid.

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1940

A similar design appears as 'Pez Raya' (Ray Fish) in 'El Plegado y Cartonaje en la Escuela Primaria' by Antonio M Luchia and Corina Luciani de Luchia, which was published by Editorial Kapelusz in Buenos Aires in 1940.

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