The Public Paperfolding History Project

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Concentric Crease Designs / The Hyperbolic Paraboloid / The Saddle
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of Concentric Crease Designs, the best known of which are the Hyperbolic Paraboloid and the Saddle. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.

Concentric Crease Designs are designs whose main characteristic is that they are made from concentric rings or polygons of alternating mountain and valley folds. These designs are sometimes also called closed crease designs although not all the creases in such a design are necessarily closed.


The Hyperbolic Paraboloid and the Saddle first appear in a series of photos of the Bauhaus taken by Eric Consemuller in 1927/8 and so are probably either the creations of Josef Albers or one / some of his students. We do not know which of these designs was created first.

The Hyperbolic Paraboloid (left)

The Saddle