The Public Paperfolding History ProjectIndex Page x Exercises Methodiques de Travaux Manuels au Moyen de Pliage de Papier by Jean Boogaerts, 1890 'Exercises Methodiques de Travaux Manuels au Moyen de Pliage de Papier sans Outils ni Instruments Adaptes a L'Enseignements dans les Ecoles Primaires' (Methodical Exercises for Manual Work by means of Paper Folding without Tools or Instruments Suitable for Teaching in Primary Schools) by Jean Boogaerts was published in Belgium and France in 1890.'La Methode Boogaerts' which it explains uses a mixture of pure paperfolding and cutting to create basic patterns or forms which are then combined into larger patterns or structures. This book is unfortunately not available online. All the pages that are available to me are reproduced below. In the absence of the accompanying text some of the illustrations are difficult to interpret. From an analytical viewpoint the designs can largely be divided into three types, uncut designs (ie those thatwould nowadays be considered to be pure origami), fold and cut designs (of the type sometimes known as paper sloyd) and cut and fold designs (which can be considered a form of cardboard modelling. Some of the material from this book appears, without acknowledgement, in 'Construction Work in Cardboard and Paper' by Robert M Smith, which was published in 1900. ********** Analysis (Not in the order in which they appear in the book) Uncut Designs The Playing Card Cube ********** The Playing Card Square ********** Fold and Cut Designs (Paper Sloyd) ********** Cut and Fold Designs (Cardboard Modelling) ********** Full Contents ********** ********** The first chapter, Plier, Ployer, Dechirer', explains the technique that the author uses to avoid the use of scissors. 'Plier' is folding and creasing on a surface, without sharpening / reinforcing the crease between the nails, which is 'Ployer', and 'Dechirer' is tearing along the crease thus sharpened / reinforced. ********** Le Cube ********** ********** The Square ********** ********** The Triangle ********** The Hexagon and the Diamond ********** The Octagon ********** The Pentagon ********** Angles of Polygons and Tiling Patterns ********** Pyramids and other Three-Dimensional Shapes ********** Bas-relief Stars ********** Strip Folding Designs ********** Pleated Designs ********** Appendices (not listed in the index) ********** **********