Origami Heaven

A paperfolding paradise

The website of writer and paperfolding designer David Mitchell


Bi-Directional Pleated Designs
This page attempts to record what is known about the origin and history of Bi-Directional Pleated Designs, ie those designs made by pleating the paper in two directions at right angles to each other. Please contact me if you know any of this information is incorrect or if you have any other information that should be added. Thank you.


Troublewit - 1676 onwards

The earliest known mention of Troublewit is in the book 'Sports and Pastimes: or, Sport for the City, and Pastime for the Country; With a touch of Hocus Pocus, or Leger-demain: Fitted for the delight and recreation of Youth' which was printed by H. B. for John Clark, at the Bible and Harp in West-Smithfield, London in 1676.


Bi-Directionally Pleated Paper Alphabets - 1863 onwards

A doubly pleated paper alphabet appears in 'De Kleine Papierwerkers', which was written by Elise Van Calcar and published by K H Schadd in Amsterdam in 1863. This illustration is taken from the 1864 Second Edition. The letter Q is not included.



There is a bi-directionally pleated design for 'La Chaise de la princesse' in 'Distractions Enfantines' by Marie Koenig, which was published by Librairie Hachette et Cie in Paris in 1910. The author says that the design was folded in front of her by all the children of the 'premiere class de l'ecole maternelle du boulevarde de Belleville, Paris'.